Sequence polymorphism of the mitochondrial DNA control region in the Slovenian population.

Zupanic Pajnic I, Balazic J, Komel R.

Institute of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Korytkova 2, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

The forensic application of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) typing requires large and regionally well-defined databases. To expand the database for forensic identification purposes in Slovenia, the mtDNA control region sequences of the hypervariable regions HVI and HVII were determined in a population of 129 maternally unrelated Slovenians, using a fluorescent-based capillary electrophoresis sequencing method. A total of 111 different haplotypes resulting from 124 polymorphic positions (80 polymorphic positions in HVI and 44 in HVII) were found. Of these, 101 mtDNA types were unique, 6 haplotypes were shared by 2 individuals, 1 haplotype by 3 individuals, 2 haplotypes by 4 individuals, and the most common haplotype was found in 5 individuals. The most frequent haplotypes in the Slovenian population,263(G), 315.1(C) and 263(G), 309.1(C), 315.1(C) are also the most common in other European populations. The data support the concept that these haplotypes may represent a common European mtDNA sequence types. The sequence poymorphisms were compared to the databases of west Austria and central Italy and the HVI and HVII sequence matching probabilities within and between populations were calculated. It is 1.1-4.5 times more likely to find a sequence match in a random pair of Slovenians than in a random Slovenian-Italian pair and in a random Slovenian-Austrian pair. The length heteroplasmy in the homopolymeric C-stretch regions located at nucleotide positions 16184-16193 in HVI and at positions 303-315 in HVII was observed in 17% and 8% of individuals, respectively. A statistical estimate of the results for this population showed the random match probability and the genetic diversity of 1.16% and 0.996, respectively.