Results 1 to 2 of 2

Thread: Special operations of Serbia

  1. #1
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Oct 2003
    Last Online
    Thursday, August 20th, 2009 @ 12:11 AM
    Ethnicity
    Slavic
    Subrace
    Uralic/Alpine/Pontid mixed
    Country
    United States United States
    Location
    USA
    Gender
    Posts
    3,309
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    2
    Thanked in
    2 Posts

    Post Special operations of Serbia

    http://club.guns.ru/eng/specops_yugo.html

    SPECOPS OF YUGOSLAVIA
    Author: Branko Bogdanovic, military historian, Yugoslavia

    Yugoslavia has a long tradition of operating its Forces of Special Designation: the first four units of Special Task-Force, known as "komite" were formed by the Royal Serbian Supreme Command back in 1912, shortly before commencement of the war with Turkey. The best skilled and experienced officers headed the units: Vojislav Tankovic, Dusan Simic, Dusan Sekulic and Pavle Blazaric. The four units were submitted to the Third Army of Serbia.
    It is hardly expected that the units had any special types of small arms at their disposal, since at that time hardly any special-purpose small arms existed at all.

    The enlisted were armed with the 7-mm Mauser rifles, 7.63-mm Mauser or 9-mm Luger pistols, fighting knives and Vasic-VTZ hand grenades. The main tactical mission for the newly organized Serbian SPECOPS was operations inside the territories controlled by the Turkish troops. Such raids were effective as a means of not only psychological, demoralizing warfare. Quick, unexpected attacks on the enemy's echelons created havoc and disorder and helped regular Army in larger operations.

    Remembering the numerous successful operations of SPECOPS, in July 1914 the Serbian Army chiefs decided to organize 4 new units of special deployment. However, despite their skills and maneuverability, the units sustained extremely heavy losses in the actions against enemy's regular forces, which were significantly superior in numbers.
    To increase the potential of their special troops, in the middle of 1917 the Serbs organized 2 volunteer battalions of special purpose. Two years after, probably under the impression of Italian "Arditi" and Austrian "Sturmtruppen", the battalions were restructured into assault companies. Following the then doctrine, members of the assault troops were armed with the 7.65-mm Ruby pistols, 8-mm Lebel and .351 Winchester semi-automatic carbines, OF and F1 (model 1915) hand grenades and model 1916 fighting knives made in France by Societe General Coutellerie et Orfeverie a Thiers.

    After WW1, the Yugoslav forces of special designation were dismissed. Only in April 1940, when the Nazi troops had already captured a substantial part of Europe, the Yugoslav Ministry of Army and Navy had to hurriedly revitalize Special Task Force by organizing 6 assault battalions, each being 210 men strong. Why 6? The idea was to provide each of the 5 Armies of Yugoslavia with a unit of special deployment, while the sixth assault battalion was submitted to the Yugoslavian Supreme Command. Members of the Special Battalions had a new officially registered badge: a silver scull and two crossed bones. Their armament consisted of a 7.92 Mauser carbine, a fighting knife and various types of hand grenades.

    When the German air descent was dropped on Yugoslavia on 6th April 1941, the 1-st Yugoslav Assault Battalion was the first to oppose the enemy. The combat at the Bijeljina airfield appeared to be the heaviest fight, and most of the Yugoslav soldiers were killed in action. The bravery of their comrades-in-arms inspired troops in the fight against Nazis. It is well known that Yugoslavs were able to create a lot of problems for Germans and their allies in the Balkans during WW2.

    In the post-war Yugoslavia, the troops of special designation were treated as unnecessary, again. Neither the People's Army nor Militia (the Yugoslav National Police) had any units for special operation. However, the bloody incident in June 1972 made Army bosses think differently. On 21 June 1972 an armed group of 19 Croatian extremists were infiltrated inside the Yugoslav territory near mount Radusa (operation "Phoenix"). Yugoslavs had no other means to counter the gang than the Militia force. As a result of clashes 15 Croatian nationalists were killed and 4 captured. Militia lost 13 men as killed and a lot more wounded.

    Analysis of the incident revealed the necessity of restoring mobile and effective anti-terrorist units and groups of special deployment. A new status was given to the 63-rd Airborne Brigade of the Yugoslav Armed Forces. Several battalions of Special Operations were also formed as part of the Military Police and Territorial Defense. In November 1977 in Belgrade a Federal Group of SPETSNAZ was formed to insure security for citizens in the times of unrest. In addition to this, each of the six Republics that were members of the Yugoslav Federation had their own battalions of Special Police.

    In December 1978, the Serbian Ministry of Internal Affairs organized a force that was commissioned to suppress any terrorist activity that might occur in their territory. Later the group was given an abbreviated name of "SAJ". "SAJ" had three sub-units located in Belgrade, Novi Sad and Pristina. The group's badge and shoulder patch had a Serbian two-headed eagle and a sword striking a snake into its head.
    The Military Police too had a Guards Brigade as part of their structure, with two anti-terrorist groups called "Cobra" and "Eagle". Later in 1983 the group "Cobra" acquired a status of a special-purpose platoon. In May 1992 the Yugoslav Ministry of Interior organized the "PJP" units of special-purpose police. Later in August 1993 said units were restructured into a Maneuver Force of the Serbian Ministry of Interior, their main missing being similar to Russia's OMON - the Group of Police of Special Designation: insuring order and security for citizens in the times war and peace, escorting public demonstrations and gatherings. The PJP emblem bears a laurel wreath, sword and shield with the Serbian "tri-color" in the background: red, blue and white.

    After the break-up of the SFRY (Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) the Army restructured its Special Forces into the Special Operations Corps. The Corps is submitted to the General Staff and consists of the 63-rd Airborne Brigade "Sky Otters", the 72-nd SPECOPS Brigade "Mighty Hawks". The latter has a dedicated anti-terrorist group "Hawk".
    As one can see, units of special deployment exist in the Yugoslav Army, Military Police and Ministry of Interior.

    All the units are trained in accordance with the most stringent modern standards. Their members are equipped with all required weapons, both firearms and blades, as well as with other necessary accessories of both Yugoslav and international origin.

  2. #2
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Oct 2003
    Last Online
    Thursday, August 20th, 2009 @ 12:11 AM
    Ethnicity
    Slavic
    Subrace
    Uralic/Alpine/Pontid mixed
    Country
    United States United States
    Location
    USA
    Gender
    Posts
    3,309
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    2
    Thanked in
    2 Posts

    Post Re: Special operations of Serbia

    Some nice pictures!


    Shoulder Patch of the SPETSNAZ Corps.


    Member of the Serbian Airborne has a badge that was in use from January 1991 to December 1993. Troops equipped with the 7.65-mm silenced SKORPION pistol, model 1984


    Military Police, equipped with the H&K 9-mm submachine gun, model MP5A3.


    The anti-terrorist Group "Hawk", equipped with the 9-mm CZ-99 pistol.

Similar Threads

  1. Replies: 4
    Last Post: Thursday, November 17th, 2011, 05:35 PM
  2. Replies: 7
    Last Post: Friday, July 30th, 2010, 01:51 AM
  3. Sex and Psychological Operations
    By Aptrgangr in forum Psychology, Behavior, & Neuroscience
    Replies: 2
    Last Post: Monday, July 21st, 2008, 10:11 PM
  4. Levin Challenges Arab Ports Operations
    By Theudanaz in forum Articles & Current Affairs
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: Thursday, February 23rd, 2006, 10:46 PM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •