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Thread: The 'Hollow Earth' Theory of Edmund Halley (1692)

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    The 'Hollow Earth' Theory of Edmund Halley (1692)

    Perhaps some of the most bizarre scientific theories ever considered were those concerning the possibility that the Earth was hollow. One of the earliest of these was proposed in 1692 by Edmund Halley.

    Edmund Halley was a brilliant English astronomer whose mathematical calculations pinpointed the return of the comet that bears his name. Halley was fascinated by the earth's magnetic field. He noticed the direction of the field varied slightly over time and the only way he could account for this was there existed not one, but several, magnetic fields. Halley came to believe that the Earth was hollow and within it was a second sphere with another field. In fact, to account for all the variations in the field, Halley finally proposed that the Earth was composed of some four spheres, each nestled inside another.



    Halley also suggested that the interior of the Earth was populated with life and lit by a luminous atmosphere. He thought the aurora borealis, or northern lights, was caused by the escape of this gas through a thin crust at the poles.

    Others picked up Halley's hollow-earth theory often adding their own twists. In the eighteen century Leonhard Euler, a Swiss mathematician, replaced the multiple spheres theory with a single hollow sphere which contained a sun 600 miles wide that provided heat and light for an advanced civilization that lived there. Later Scottish mathematician Sir John Leslie proposed there were two inside suns (which he named Pluto and Proserpine).

    One of the most ardent supporters of hollow-earth was the American John Symmes. Symmes was an ex-army officer and a business man. Symmes believed that the Earth was hollow and at the north and south poles there were entrances, 4,000 and 6,000 miles wide, respectively, that led to the interior. Symmes dedicated much of his life to advancing his theory and raising money to support an expedition to the North Pole for the purpose of exploring the inner earth. He was never successful, but after his death one of his followers, a newspaper editor named Jeremiah Reynolds, helped influence the U.S. government to send an expedition to Antarctica in 1838. While the explorers found no hole there, they did bring back convincing evidence that Antarctica was not just a polar ice cap, but the Earth's seventh continent.



    In 1846 the discovery of an extinct woolly mammoth frozen in ice in Siberia was used by Marshall Gardner as evidence of a hollow earth. Gardner subscribed to the single-sun-inside-the-earth theory and suggested that the mammoth was so well-preserved because it had died recently. Gardner thought that mammoths and other extinct creatures wandered freely in the interior of the earth. This one had wandered outside by using the hole at the North Pole, then was frozen and carried to Siberia on an ice flow.

    That same decade a new theory about the hollow-earth appeared. It was the brainchild of Cyrus Read Teed. Teed proposed that the Earth was a hollow sphere and that people lived on the inside of it. In the center of the sphere was the sun, which was half dark and half light. As the sun turned it gave the appearance of a sunset and sunrise. The dense atmosphere in the center of the sphere prevented observers from looking up into the sky and seeing the other side of the world. Interestingly enough, Teed's theory was hard for 19th century mathematicians to disprove based on geometry alone, since the exterior of a sphere can be mapped onto the interior with little trouble.

    Teed changed his name to Koresh and founded what might today be called a cult. After buying a 300 acre tract in Florida, Koresh declared himself the messiah of a new religion. He died in 1908 without proving his ideas.



    Even after his death, though, some continued to subscribe to his theory. A story is told that during World War II Hitler sent an expedition to the Baltic Island of Rugen. There Dr. Heinz Fischer pointed a telescopic camera into the sky in an attempt to photograph the British fleet across the hollow interior of a concave earth. He was apparently unsuccessful and the British fleet remained safe.

    After World War II there seems to be a continuing connection between hollow-earth stories and Nazi Germany. One author, Ernst Zundel, wrote a book entitled UFOs - Nazi Secret Weapons? claiming that Hitler and his last battalion had boarded submarines at the end of the war, escaped to Argentina, and then established a base for flying saucers in the hole leading to the inside of the Earth at the South Pole. Zundel also suggested that the Nazis had originated as a separate race that had come from the inner-earth.

    As time has gone on the idea of a hollow-earth has become less a theory of fringe science and more a subject of science fiction and fantasy. Perhaps this has happened because new discoveries continue to show there is no validity to most of the hollow-earth ideas. United States Navy Admiral Richard Byrd flew across the North Pole in 1926 and the South Pole in 1929 without seeing any holes leading to inner-earth. Photographs taken by astronauts in space show no entrances either. Modern geology indicates the Earth is mostly a solid mass.



    One believer did seize on a NASA photograph showing a black hole at the North Pole and called it proof of an entrance to a hollow-earth. As it turned out the photo was actually a composite of several pictures taken over 24 hours so that all sections were seen in daylight and the black hole at the top was the portion of the arctic circle never illuminated during the day over winter months.

    Perhaps one of the most well-known books about hollow-earth is Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth. The book illustrates a third theory of hollow-earth which is more plausible than the other two. This is that passages from the surface lead to caverns underground in which life thrives.

    In the book three scientists climb down an inactive Iceland volcano in an attempt to find a path to the center of the Earth. They don't make it, but they do find an underground sea populated with prehistoric creatures including plesiosaurs.

    Verne may have been closer to that mark than most expected. For years scientists scoffed at the idea of life thriving underground without light to provide energy. Now explorations have found rock-eating bacteria living as far as a mile below the ground. In Romania a whole ecosystem, including spiders, scorpions, leeches and millipedes has been found in a cave cut off from the surface 5.5 million years ago.

    In addition to this kind of a hollow-earth there may be a "hollow Mars." A mars rock discovered in the antarctic suggests that bacteria may have, and might continue to, exist underground on the red planet.



    Further Reading

    The Hollow Earth by Dr. R. W. Bernard, B.A., M.A., Ph.D.

    Is Our Earth Really Hollow? by Gerry Foster


    Source
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    Seismology has once-and-for-all disproved the notion that any significant part of the Earth's interior can possibly be hollow. Earthquakes, explosions, and volcanic eruptions set up elastic vibrations in the body of the earth, known as seismic waves. These vibrations are of two types, vibrations of compression and tension (or rarefaction) and vibrations of shear.

    All states of matter: solids, liquids, and gases, possess compressional elasticity. Sound consists of compressional vibrations in air. Only solids, however, possess elasticity with respect to shear. Only solids can transmit shear vibrations. Shear vibrations are transmitted by the crust of the Earth and the upper part of the mantle. The velocities with which both compressional and shear vibrations are transmitted depend mainly on the density of the materials transmitting them. Changes of velocity of vibrations passing through the interior of the Earth reveal changes of density of the Earth's internal materials. The crust is of relatively low density and is solid.

    The mantle , extending from 100 km to 2900 km inward from the surface is denser than the crust and only partly solid. Most of it is a viscous liquid. The core is MUCH denser, over 5 times that of the crust, and might be solid, but is probably liquid. The physical state of the materials is inferred from whether they transmit shear vibrations.

    Any shear vibrations existing in the core would not be transmitted by the liquid mantle above it, so it is impossible to tell whether or not the core transmits shear vibrations. If there were any "bubbles" in the mantle or core, the pressure of the dense liquid surrrounding them would immediately close them.

    In such dense material at such high pressures, openings cannot exist . If there were voids in the mantle, for example, the speed and direction of elastic vibrations passing through them would change drastically and abruptly, thus revealing their presence. No evidence exists for any such refraction of seismic vibrations.

    It is, then, physically impossible for any significant portion of the Earth's interior to be hollow.

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    Exclamation The hollow Earth

    Nazis and the Hollow Earth

    Did Hitler's Nazis believe in a hollow Earth - and did they escape to the planet's interior after the war?


    The Allies are closing in. Berlin is crumbling under the weight and impact of hundreds of Allied bombs. Deep in his fortified bunker, Adolf Hitler, once unshakable in his confidence in Nazi world domination, now admits that defeat is at hand. But Hitler is determined never to suffer the humiliation of being captured by his enemies. There is only one escape route - one he has planned for should he ever face just such a turn of events. Suicide is out of the question. Instead, Hitler and his corps of elite traverse through an underground tunnel to an isolated airstrip. There they board an unmarked plane and fly south. South to the pole. To the opening at the South Pole where they will enter the hollow Earth and disappear from history.

    This alternate scenario to history is actually accepted as fact by some proponents of the hollow Earth theory. And as incredible as it sounds, the genesis of this story lies in some facts that carry some merit: some of Hitler's top advisors - perhaps even Hitler himself - believed that the Earth was hollow; and there was at least one expedition by the Nazi military to exploit that belief for strategic advantage during the war.

    As with all such stories, it's often difficult to sort out facts, exaggerations, and outright fabrications. But it's an intriguing tale, and one that requires a little background.


    SPIRITWEB.ORG

    Some believers in the hollow Earth theory hold that there are civilizations that live there, warmed and lit by an interior sun.

    There are several hollow Earth theories. The most prevalent one holds that there are great but hidden openings at both the North and South poles, and that it is possible to enter those holes. Some - including the respected Admiral Byrd - claimed to have entered those holes. According to the legends, other civilizations live within the Earth on it's inner surface, warmed and lit by an interior sun. The idea has inspired novels by Edgar Allen Poe (MS Found in a Bottle), Edgar Rice Borroughs (At the Earth's Core), and Jules Verne (A Journey to the Center of the Earth).

    A second theory, call the "inverted Earth" theory, claims that we - our civilization - actually exists on the inside of the globe. We are held fast to the ground not by gravity, but by centrifugal force as the Earth rotates. The stars, so goes the theory, are twinkling chunks of ice suspended high in the air, and the illusion of day and night is caused by a rotating central sun that is half brilliant, half dark. Cyrus Teed, an alchemist from Utica, N.Y., was one of the first people to popularize this idea. So obsessed was he with the idea that he founded a religion based on it, changed his name to Koresh, and established a commune for Koreshanity in Chicago in 1888. In Germany, independently of the Koreshans, another group also was founded that adhered to the inverted Earth idea, and it was this concept that was accepted by some segments of the Nazi hierarchy.

    The scenario told at the beginning of this article accepts one hollow Earth theory, while the facts seem to show that some Nazis actually believed in the other.

    Hitler's Nazis were convinced that they were destined to rule the world, and they came to this warped conclusion through the acceptance of many occult beliefs and practices, including astrology, the prophecies of Nostradamus, and the hollow/inverted Earth theory... hohlweltlehre. Because they suspected that our surface is on the interior of a concave Earth, Hitler sent an expedition, including Dr. Heinz Fischer and powerful telescopic cameras, to the Baltic island of Rugen to spy on the British fleet. Fischer did so not by aiming his cameras across the waters, but by pointing them up to peer across the atmosphere to the Atlantic Ocean. The expedition was a failure, of course. Fischer's cameras saw nothing but sky, and the British fleet remained safe.

    Then there's the legend... that Hitler and many of his Nazi minions escaped Germany in the closing days of World War II and fled to Antarctica where at the South Pole they had discovered an entrance to the Earth's interior. According to the Hollow Earth Research Society in Ontario, Canada, they are still there. After the war, the organization claims, the Allies discovered that more than 2,000 scientists from Germany and Italy had vanished, along with almost a million people, to the land beyond the South Pole. This story gets more complicated with Nazi-designed UFOs, Nazi collaboration with the people who live in the center of the Earth, and the explanation for "Aryan-looking" UFO pilots.
    Source; http://paranormal.about.com/library/weekly/aa011199.htm

    And more about the Hollow Earth theory, only this one is keeping the "Nazi's" out of the picture;


    Secrets of the Hollow Earth


    The interior of the Earth, some believe, is home to strange races of technologically advanced beings. Who are they and where are the hidden entrances to their subterranean cities?


    Many readers of the paranormal and the unexplained are familiar with the theory that the Earth is hollow. The idea is based on the ancient legends of many cultures that say there are races of people - entire civilizations - that thrive in subterranean cities. Very often, these dwellers of the world beneath are more technologically advanced than we on the surface. Some even believe that UFOs are not from other planets, but are manufactured by strange beings in the interior of the Earth.

    Who are these strange races of beings? How did they come to live inside the Earth? And where are the entrances to their underground cities?

    Agharta

    The Network. One of the most common names cited for the society of underground dwellers is Agharta (or Agartha) with its capital city of Shamballa. The source for this information, apparently, is The Smoky God, the "biography" of a Norwegian sailor named Olaf Jansen. According to Agartha - Secrets of the Subterranean Cities, the story, written by Willis Emerson, explains how Jansen's sloop sailed through an entrance to the Earth's interior at the North Pole. For two years he lived with the inhabitants of the Agharta network of colonies who, Emerson writes, were a full 12 feet tall and whose world was lit by a "smoky" central sun. Shamballa the Lesser, one of the colonies, was also the seat of government for the network. "While Shamballa the Lesser is an inner continent, its satellite colonies are smaller enclosed ecosystems located just beneath the Earth' s crust or discreetly within mountains."

    How and Why They Went There. The many cataclysms and wars taking place on the surface drove these people underground, according to Secrets: "Consider the lengthy Atlantean-Lemurian war and the power of thermonuclear weaponry that eventually sank and destroyed these two highly advanced civilizations. The Sahara, the Gobi, the Australian Outback and the deserts of the U.S. are but a few examples of the devastation that resulted. The sub-cities were created as refuges for the people and as safe havens for sacred records, teachings and technologies that were cherished by these ancient cultures."

    The Entrances. There are allegedly several entrances to the Kingdom of Agharta throughout the world:

    Kentucky Mommoth Cave, in south-central Kentucky, US.
    Mount Shasta, California, US - the Agharthean city of Telos allegedly exists within and beneath this mountain.
    Manaus, Brazil.
    Mato Grosso, Brazil - the city of Posid supposedly lies beneath this plain.
    Iguaçú Falls, border or Brazil and Argentina.
    Mount Epomeo, Italy.
    Himalayan Mountains, Tibet - the entrance to the underground city of Shonshe is allegedly guarded by Hindu monks.
    Mongolia - the underground city of Shingwa allegedly exists beneath the border of Mongolia and China.
    Rama, India - beneath this surface city is a long lost subterranean city, they say, also named Rama.
    Pyramid of Giza, Egypt.
    King Solomon's Mines.
    Dero Caves, ?.
    North and South Poles.
    Nagas

    The People. In India there is an ancient belief, still held by some, in a subterranean race of serpent people who dwell in the cities Patala and Bhogavati. According to the legend, they wage war on the kingdom of Agharta. "The Nagas," according to "The Deep Dwellers," "are described as a very advanced race or species, with a highly-developed technology. They also harbor a disdain for human beings, whom they are said to abduct, torture, interbreed with and even to eat."

    The Entrances. While the entrance to Bhogavati is somewhere in the Himalayas, believers assert that Patala can be entered through the Well of Sheshna in Benares, India. Says William Michael Mott in "The Deep Dwellers": "According to herpetologist and author Sherman A. Minton, as stated in his book Venomous Reptiles, this entrance is very real, with forty steps which descend into a circular depression, to terminate at a closed stone door which is covered in bas-relief cobras. In Tibet, there is a major mystical shrine also called 'Patala,' which is said by the people there to sit atop an ancient cavern and tunnel system, which reaches throughout the Asian continent and possibly beyond. The Nagas also have an affinity with water, and the entrances to their underground palaces are often said to be hidden at the bottom of wells, deep lakes and rivers."

    The Old Ones

    The Beings. In an article entitled "The Hollow Earth: Myth or Reality" for Atlantis Rising, Brad Steiger writes of the legends of "the Old Ones," an ancient race that populated the surface world millions of years ago and then moved underground. "The Old Ones, an immensely intelligent and scientifically advanced race," Steiger writes, "have chosen to structure their own environment under the surface of the planet and manufacture all their necessities. The Old Ones are hominid, extremely long-lived, and pre-date Homo sapiens by more than a million years. The Old Ones generally remain aloof from the surface peoples, but from time to time, they have been known to offer constructive criticism; and it has been said, they often kidnap human children to tutor and rear as their own."

    The Elder Race

    The Beings. One of the most controversial tales of inner Earth dwellers is the so-called "Shaver Mystery." In 1945, Amazing Stories magazine under the editorship of Ray Palmer ran a story told by Richard Shaver, who claimed he had recently been the guest of what remained of an underground civilization. Although few really believed the story, any many suspect that Shaver may actually have been psychotic, Shaver always averred that his story was true. He contended that the Elder Race, or Titans, came to this planet from another solar system in our prehistoric past. After a while of living on the surface, they realized our sun was causing them to age prematurely, so they escaped underground, building huge subterranean complexes in which to live. Eventually, they decided to seek a new home on a new planet, evacuating the Earth and leaving behind their underground cities populated by mutated beings: the evil Dero - detrimental robots - and the good Tero - integrated robots. It was these beings that Shaver claimed to have met.

    The Entrance. Despite the enormous popularity of the Shaver Mystery in Amazing Stories - Palmer milked it for all it was worth, and then some - the location of the entrance to this underground world was never divulged.
    source: http://paranormal.about.com/library/.../aa090400a.htm

    Some picture's i found about this theory;


    This is the map with the city's of the hollow earth



    More about the theory;

    Conclusions from "The Hollow Earth" by Dr. R.W. Bernard
    (from The Hollow Trilogy, Code HET. See catalogue)

    From the evidence contained 'in this book, confirmed by many Arctic explorers whom we cite, we come to the following conclusions :

    1. There is really no North or South Pole. Where they are supposed to exist, there are really wide openings to the hollow interior of the Earth.

    2. Flying saucers come from the hollow interior of the Earth through these polar openings.

    3. The hollow interior of the earth, warmed by its central sun (the source of Aurora Borealis), has an ideal subtropical climate of about '76 degrees in temperature, neither too hot nor too cold.

    4. Arctic explorers found the temperature to rise as they travelled far north; they found more open seas; they found animals travelling north in winter, seeking food and warmth, when they should have gone south; they found the compass needle to assume a vertical position instead of a horizontal one and to become extremely eccentric; they saw tropical birds and more animal life the further north they went; they saw butterflies, mosquitoes and other insects in the extreme north, when they were not found until one is as far south as Alaska and Canada; they found the snow discolored by colored pollen and black dust, which became worse the further north they went. The only explanation is that this dust came from active volcanoes in the polar opening.

    5. There is a large population inhabiting the inner concave surface of the Earth's crust, composing a civilization far in advance of our own in its scientific achievements, which. probably descended from the sunken continents of Lemuria. and Atlantis. Flying saucers are only one of their many achievements. It would be to our advantage to contact these Elder Brothers of the human race, learn from them and receive their advice and aid.

    6. The existence of a polar opening and land beyond the Poles is probably known to the U.S. Navy, in whose employ Admiral Byrd made his two historic flights and which is probably a top international secret.
    This is the "opening" at the north pole;




    Pole Aura


    Apollo 10 photo of earth North Pole--Counter-clockwise arrangement of clouds indicate a northern hemisphere. Question: Why is this?

    Scientist also think not onlt Earth but also Mars, has these kind of "openings":




    Are these clouds being sucked inwards?

    And there are really expeditions going on to 'go take a look' inside the Earth;

    Would you be interested in a once-in-a-life-time chance to discover Our Hollow Earth first hand? We invite you to join us now on an expedition to Our Hollow Earth!

    Steve Currey is one of the leading river explorers in the world, having made first descents on the upper Yangtze River in China, Brahmaputra and Upper Ganges rivers in India, Futaleufu River in Chile, Katun River in Siberia and Tsangpo River in Tibet through the world's deepest canyon featured in National Geographic Adventure magazine. For the past 30 years, the Currey's have taken over 1/4 million satisfied guests on their expeditions including US Senators, Congressmen, Heads of State, business leaders, celebrities and explorers.

    Now, Steve Currey of Steve Currey's Expedition Company of Provo, Utah, has agreed to charter a Russian Nuclear Icebreaker from Adventure Associates and is standing by to take the first 100 people to sign up for this historic voyage.

    Don't miss this chance to personally visit that paradise within our earth via the North Polar Opening and meet the highly advanced, friendly people who live there. We are of the opinion that they are the lengendary Lost Tribes of Israel* who migrated into the North Country over 2,500 years ago and literally became lost to the knowledge of mankind.
    source: http://images.google.nl/imgres?imgur...lr%3D%26sa%3DG

    *The other hollow Earth theory tellts that the ancient tribes of Israel live inside Earth, and control the Earth from within, the true ZOG!?:-j

    I don't really know what to think of this all, but it is a interesting theory.

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    Thumbs Up Video: Journey To The Hollow Earth

    Video: Journey to the Hollow Earth


    Now for the first time, this film presents the history, mythology & folklore that the earth has a hollow realm, a mystical and physical place, thought to house prehistoric animals, or hide alien beings bent on conquering the earth. The hollow earth theory is represented in the history of many diverse cultures throughout the world. The Avalon of Camelot, the Garden of Eden, Paradise Lost, Shangri-La and Valhalla are names assigned to a mystical and physical place thought by some to house prehistoric animals and plants an by others to hide alien beings bent on conquering the outer Earth. This fascinating video is a compilation of extensive research by the International Society for a Complete Earth.

    http://hollow-earth.org/
    www.hiddenmysteries.com
    www.ourhollowearth.com
    “Remember that all worlds draw to an end and that noble death is a treasure which no-one is too poor to buy.” - C. S. Lewis, The Last Battle

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    Re: Video: Journey To The hollow earth

    Good video, thanks. Anyone know what happened to the ISCE-boards? The only thing I can find there is porn-ads

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    The Hollow Earth

    I had made a reference to this theory in another thread. I can't say that I am a believer, but this is interesting.

    Text Below Copied From:http://www.unmuseum.org/hollow.htm

    The Hollow Earth
    Perhaps some of the most bizarre scientific theories ever considered were those concerning the possibility that the Earth was hollow. One of the earliest of these was proposed in 1692 by Edmund Halley.

    Edmund Halley was a brilliant English astronomer whose mathematical calculations pinpointed the return of the comet that bears his name. Halley was fascinated by the earth's magnetic field. He noticed the direction of the field varied slightly over time and the only way he could account for this was there existed not one, but several, magnetic fields. Halley came to believe that the Earth was hollow and within it was a second sphere with another field. In fact, to account for all the variations in the field, Halley finally proposed that the Earth was composed of some four spheres, each nestled inside another.

    Halley also suggested that the interior of the Earth was populated with life and lit by a luminous atmosphere. He thought the aurora borealis, or northern lights, was caused by the escape of this gas through a thin crust at the poles.

    Others picked up Halley's hollow-earth theory often adding their own twists. In the eighteen century Leonhard Euler, a Swiss mathematician, replaced the multiple spheres theory with a single hollow sphere which contained a sun 600 miles wide that provided heat and light for an advanced civilization that lived there. Later Scottish mathematician Sir John Leslie proposed there were two inside suns (which he named Pluto and Proserpine).

    One of the most ardent supporters of hollow-earth was the American John Symmes. Symmes was an ex-army officer and a business man. Symmes believed that the Earth was hollow and at the north and south poles there were entrances, 4,000 and 6,000 miles wide, respectively, that led to the interior. Symmes dedicated much of his life to advancing his theory and raising money to support an expedition to the North Pole for the purpose of exploring the inner earth. He was never successful, but after his death one of his followers, a newspaper editor named Jeremiah Reynolds, helped influence the U.S. government to send an expedition to Antarctica in 1838. While the explorers found no hole there, they did bring back convincing evidence that Antarctica was not just a polar ice cap, but the Earth's seventh continent.

    In 1846 the discovery of an extinct woolly mammoth frozen in ice in Siberia was used by Marshall Gardner as evidence of a hollow earth. Gardner subscribed to the single-sun-inside-the-earth theory and suggested that the mammoth was so well-preserved because it had died recently. Gardner thought that mammoths and other extinct creatures wandered freely in the interior of the earth. This one had wandered outside by using the hole at the North Pole, then was frozen and carried to Siberia on an ice flow.

    Complete Article:http://www.unmuseum.org/hollow.htm


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    Hollow earth

    I suggest the book "Hollow earth" by Jan Lamprecht.

    I do not know if it is still available but Jan can be reached trough his website
    Africancrisis.com. I know that the book create some serious interest worldwide. I've read some of his theories about it and it does make a lot of sense.

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    Quote Originally Posted by Grazy View Post
    I suggest the book "Hollow earth" by Jan Lamprecht.

    I do not know if it is still available but Jan can be reached trough his website
    Africancrisis.com. I know that the book create some serious interest worldwide. I've read some of his theories about it and it does make a lot of sense.
    I did find Jan Lamprecht's Web-Site:http://www.hollowplanets.com/



    Apparently, this guy believes that he can prove the existence of a hollow earth.




    About the Author...

    RODNEY M. CLUFF, author of World Top Secret: Our Earth Is Hollow! was born and raised in the American colony of Colonia Juarez in northern Mexico. He became interested in the Hollow Earth Theory at the age of 16 while working on a New Mexico farm where the farm manager told the workers of the theory. He thought, What an ideal place for the Lord to hide the Lost Tribes of Israel!

    After graduating from high school, Mr. Cluff served a full-time mission for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Mexico where he met his wife. One year after his release, they were married in the Mesa Arizona Temple and now have five lovely children and fourteen lovelier grandchildren!

    They moved to Phoenix, Arizona, and one day Mr. Cluff noticed an advertisement of Raymond Bernard's book, The Hollow Earth in a tabloid newspaper. He sent for it and thereby began many years of study and writing which has led to the present work. After 16 years with the Arizona Department of Health Services working as an Information Technology Specialist, Mr. Cluff retired and now lives with his wife Keta in the retirement community of Sun City, Arizona, and continues his research into evidences for hollow planets as a hobby.

    He firmly believes: OUR EARTH IS HOLLOW! Backed with scientific evidence, including satellite photos of the polar holes, analysis of the observations of polar explorers, analysis of earthquake data and much more -- coupled with evidence from the scriptures and history that the Lost Tribes of Israel are now FOUND within the Hollow of Our Earth, he presents his argument in favor of the Hollow Earth Theory.

    Full Article:http://www.ourhollowearth.com/ourhollo/p1.html
    Here's a recent article by Rodney.

    10/23/2009. In the "Heavenly Majesty" exhibit at the Washington D.C. temple visitor center of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints many NASA Hubble space telescope images of nebulas throughout the universe are displayed showing a definite hollow nature to all of God's creations having a central star hub. Read Meridian Magazine's write up on the exhibit here.

    10/12/2009. I was having an interesting discussion with a list member regarding what Google Earth shows at the earth's poles, when I noticed that if you zoom into the north geographic pole on Google Earth, you will see that the north geographic pole is not on the surface of the planet! The meridian lines running along the surface of the earth are dipping into the earth at that latitude and in order for Google Earth to depict the location of the north pole, it has to put it way up in the atmosphere above the surface of the planet at the location of 90 N Lat 0 W Lon! If the earth has a polar opening at the north geographic pole, you would expect the meridian lines to be dipping into the earth as you approach the pole. So in order to depict the location of the geographic pole, Google Earth has to bend the meridian lines into a cone some distance from the pole and put the geographic north pole at the pinnacle of the cone -- far above the surface of the planet depicted with the meridian lines as they approach the pole. Such would be exactly the case -- if there is a polar opening at the pole, that the geographic north pole would be located in the air in the center of the hole. I have been of the opinion that the polar openings could not be centered at the pole, but this image from Google Earth seems to indicate that the polar opening IS centered over the geographic pole.

    Full Article:http://www.ourhollowearth.com/ourhollo/p3.html
    Here's a report from NASA.

    August 25, 2008: When in space, keep an eye on the window. You never know what you might see.

    Last month, astronauts on board the International Space Station (ISS) witnessed a beautiful display of noctilucent or "night-shining" clouds. The station was located about 340 km over western Mongolia on July 22nd when the crew snapped this picture:

    Full Article:http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2...htm?list904253




    This is another source mentioned in the initial article.

    Location and Size of the Polar Openings
    It is assumed that the polar openings were formed when the earth was created because centrifugal force would throw matter away from the axis of rotation leaving a hollow in the earth and polar openings at the polar axis. Additionally, the earth's foundational premise is a spiritual hollow globe upon which space dust and rocks accumulated.

    If these assumptions are correct, then the original locations of the polar openings of the earth were at its polar axis, centered on the north and south poles. There exists, however, evidence that the earth has been bypassed by planet sized comets in the past geologic history of the earth, one or more of which tilted the earth's axis to one side. The Pyramid of Giza, which this author believes was built before the Flood of Noah, has a construction orientation aligned with the original axis of rotation of the earth. When the passageway into the pyramid was first discovered it was soon realized that it had originally pointed towards what was then the North Polar Star. That star is not Polaris, the North Star of today. It has shifted several degrees, indicating that the earth's axis may have been tilted since the construction of that pyramid.

    Hollow Earth enthusiasts originally thought that the polar openings were centered over the poles. However, it has been evident since with the advent of intense polar exploration that the openings are NOT located centered over the poles. The United States has a permanent station located at the South Pole on the Antarctic continent. And the North Pole has been crossed several times by polar explorers beginning with the Amundsen dirigible expedition in 1926 which flew from Spitsbergen to Alaska over the Pole. Wally Herbert took his dog sleds over the pole from Alaska to Spitsbergen going the opposite direction. Also the Soviet Ice Breaker, The Yamal, takes tourists to the pole each year north of Franz Josef Land. This service is contracted by ADVENTURE ASSOCIATES Pty Ltd, 197 Oxford Street Mall, Bondi Junction, Sydney NSW 2022, Australia, Postal Address: PO Box 612 Bondi Junction NSW 1355 Australia, Ph: (+61 2) 9389 7466 Fax: (+61 2) 9369 1853, for a 19-day trip for $15,950-$18,950 trip to the North Pole with additional cost for a flight from your hometown to Murmansk, Russia.

    Bradley Air Service out of Resolute Bay in northern Canada (819-252-3981) regularly flies tourists, scientists and adventurers to the North Pole from the Canadian side of the top of the world for $24,000 per each two-day trip in which a ski landing at the pole is made weather permitting. Two other, more expensive, seven-night trips are offered by High Arctic International (819-252-3616) for $8,650 per person is based also in Resolute Bay, and Arctic Odysseys (206-455-1960) $11,000 out of Medina, Washington. These trips depart each April and include visits to both the geographic and magnetic North Poles, dog sledding along the northwestern coast of Greenland, and overnight stops on Ellesmere Island at the Eureka Weather Station and Grise Fjord. (December 1993, Outside Magazine, p. 50)

    Full Article:http://www.ourhollowearth.com/PolarOpn.htm




    This article is from one of Rodney's sister sights.

    The Hollow Earth Expedition is the Greatest Expedition in the History of the World...to an ocean never before sailed.

    Deposit is due January-2010

    The science is real. The story is more than 5,000 years old. At a certain place above the Arctic Circle, there exists an oceanic depression. It's a place where sea level isn't level anymore.

    The discovery that the earth is hollow would forever shatter our long-held beliefs about how planets are formed. More importantly, however, discovering life beneath the earth’s crust could potentially provide us with new tools that would allow life on the surface to regain environmental balance, harmony, and possibly even peace. These prospects make the North Pole Inner Earth Expedition the greatest expedition in the history of the world.

    The North Pole Inner Earth Expedition is by far the most innovative and courageous exploration effort in modern times. We are unable to go to the Moon. We are decades away from manned exploration to Mars. This Expedition to the North Pole region is possible and within reach.

    Full Article:http://www.npiee.org/










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    Hollow Earth



    The Hollow Earth hypothesis says that the planet Earth is either wholly hollow or otherwise contains a substantial interior space. The hypothesis has long been contradicted by overwhelming observational evidence, as well as by the modern understanding of planet formation. The scientific community has dismissed the notion since at least the late 18th century.
    The concept of a hollow Earth still recurs in folklore and as the premise for subterranean fiction, a subgenre of adventure fiction. It is also featured in some present-day pseudoscientific and conspiracy theories.

    More:
    http://nazi-secret.com/en/occult/74-hollow-earth

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    Roswell, The Hollow Earth, & An Intelligent Race Below

    UFOs from the Void

    Roswell and the Hollow Earth
    Staffers at the White Sands public affairs office know the truth of what happened at Roswell 50 years ago but few people listen. Every year the office receives unsolicited letters from people all over the world. They claim to know such things as where gold is hidden on the missile range, what the aliens are really up to and who is running the government conspiracy of the day. One such letter arrived in early 1991 from Memphis, Tenn. which blew the lid off the typical UFO theories. The author says that when the earth was formed it ended up being hollow. He says the crust we operate on is only 800 miles thick and the rest of the globe is mostly empty space. Floating in the center of this cavity is a miniature sun. He goes on to explain that the center of the earth is inhabited and is complete with oceans of water and landmasses. At the earth's poles are huge openings into this inner world. He says they are more than 1,000 miles in diameter and there is a constant exchange of air between the outer and inner worlds. He says ordinary people are not aware of these huge openings because they are usually covered with clouds and the governments of the world have conspired to hide the information. Like most conspiracy theorists, this author says the governments are worried that if people know about this other world everyone will run jabbering into the streets and civilization will crumble. The writer proposes that the northern lights we see are not caused by solar energy interacting with the upper atmosphere but is light escaping from the center of the earth through the polar openings. Eventually the author gets around to explaining how all this relates to Roswell. He says that when the surface inhabitants starting exploding atomic weapons on July 16, 1945, the inner inhabitants got concerned. With more testing in the years following the end of World War II they grew worried about radioactive fallout suspended in the air which was ventilating the center of the earth. So they started flying through the openings at the poles to investigate what was going on here. This explains the supposed appearance of UFOs following the war. Apparently one of these vehicles crashed near Roswell killing the flight crew and leaving proof that these "molemen" really exist.

    Richard Shaver
    In the March, 1945 issue of Amazing Stories Editor Ray Palmer introduced the Shaver Mystery, a purported "racial memory" of a young welder named Richard Shaver, who first claimed to have remembered a life in the caves, then, later, maintained that he had recently been in the vast underground civilization of cave-dwellers. Life magazine (May 21, 1951) called the Shaver Mystery ". . . the most celebrated rumpus that ever racked the science fiction world." Richard Shaver, however, has never called his accounts anything other than factual reportage.

    It is Richard Shaver's contention that in prehistoric times, when our solar system was young, Earth was inhabited by a race of cosmic super-beings who had come here from another solar system. Although the Elder Race were not truly immortals, they had discovered secrets of incredible longevity. This, together with their highly developed scientific technology, caused them to be regarded as gods by the primitive and unsophisticated humans. The Elder Race possessed fantastic mechanical devices, which Shaver calls "mech," capable of projecting three-dimensional images, scanning over great distances, curing diseases, producing food and clothing, and killing and destroying life when necessary.

    After a time the Elder Race, the Titans, began to notice that the once beneficent sun now contained detrimental rays which were shortening their life-span by causing premature aging. To escape the harmful rays of the sun, the Elder Race entered deep underground caverns and began carving a fantastic subterranean kingdom, using their ray guns to disintegrate rock. Soon they had constructed powerful machines which could duplicate the health-giving rays of the sun while excluding the detrimental radioactivity.

    Homo sapiens continued to evolve in the sun, ignorant of the rays which shortened his life-span, and puzzled by the withdrawal of his gods. However, Shaver tells his readers, the Elder Race was not without its sensualists, and certain of its members, particularly the lesser ones, varied greatly in morality and intelligence.

    Perhaps the majority of the Elder Race regarded their lesser evolved human cousins with the superiority and ill-concealed contempt that a pompous research scientist might feel walking amongst stone age aborigines. Others may have exploited the females of Homo sapiens and may even have set the barbaric tribes against each other for the perverse pleasure of the Elder Race, who may have openly rooted for, and secretly assisted, their favorite tribes and warriors. The more humane among the Elder Race did their best to assist the primitive humans to develop a more functional culture and technology. According to Shaver, the ancient myths and legends are the unsophisticated surface dwellers' version of the myriad activities of the Elder Race.

    After a time, the Shaver Mystery has it, the Elder Race became dissatisfied with life on Earth. Spaceships were sent to find another more suitable world where they could live on the surface without fearing negative rays from the sun. When the scouts returned with word of a planet with a beneficial sun, a mass exodus was at once set in motion.

    Because of the great distance involved and the limited number of spacecraft large enough to serve as transports, the vast majority of their marvelous machines of super science were sealed in underground caverns. Desperate experimentation with the "mech" brought about certain radiations that destroyed a portion of the brain of many of the underpeople and produced a dangerous form of hereditary insanity.

    Vast numbers of the cave people began to degenerate into physically stunned near-idiots, incapable of constructive reasoning. Shaver tells his readers that these are the "dero," detrimental-or degenerate- robots. "Robot" as Shaver used the word does not mean a mechanical representation of man, but is rather a designation for those who are controlled, or obsessed, by degenerative forces.

    The deros, due to their hereditary brain damage, are completely devoid of any moral sense or humane instinct. They do harm at every opportunity and they gain immense satisfaction from the sufferings of others. They have mastered the use of certain of the "mech," and they direct negative rays at the surface dwellers whenever possible.

    Their greatest delight comes in luring, or kidnapping, humans into the caverns and debasing them in sadistic orgies, which usually result in death or enslavement for the unfortunate captive. According to Shaver, the details of some of these grotesque debaucheries reached the surface world and established the foundations for the accounts of devils, demons, and the underworld hells of religion.

    Editor Ray Palmer claimed that the issue of Amazing Stories (March, 1945) that carried the first Shaver fact-fiction piece brought in an unprecedented mail response of 50,000 letters, all of which Palmer said ". . . stated that Shaver spoke the truth, there actually were caves, and dero, and rays, and stim, and contrived train wrecks, and mental control, and thought records, and Titans, and ancient spaceships, and radioactive death raining down on us from the sun."

    Ray Palmer kept the mystery and the controversy going for four years, in more than fifty consecutive issues of Amazing Stories, Fantastic Adventures, Mammoth Adventures, and even South Sea Stories. The furor the Shaver Mystery set off among the science fiction and Fortean buffs continues to break out in periodic brush fires. Richard Shaver continues to contribute his "memories" to mimeographed fanzines, and occasionally, to the late Ray Palmer's Search magazine, published in Amherst, Wisconsin.


    above is an Arctic map from 1947, the white parts showing areas not yet explored at the time.



    Please Also check out the Agartha and the Nazis and the Hollow Earth links on the Hollow Earth home page:http://mysterioushollowearth.webs.com/ for more information on UFOs and the inhabitants of the Inner Earth.




    All Images & Text Were Copied From:http://www.byerly.org/thollowt/ufos%...e Hollow Earth
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