Results 1 to 8 of 8

Thread: The Golden Horns of Gallehus (Germanic Iron Age)

  1. #1
    Funding Member
    "Friend of Germanics"
    Skadi Funding Member

    Blutwölfin's Avatar
    Join Date
    Feb 2005
    Last Online
    5 Days Ago @ 06:11 PM
    Status
    Available
    Ethnicity
    German
    Ancestry
    Skåne and North Frisia
    Country
    Iceland Iceland
    Gender
    Family
    In a steady relationship
    Posts
    4,084
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    13
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    65
    Thanked in
    44 Posts

    The Golden Horns of Gallehus (Germanic Iron Age)



    The Golden horns of Gallehus were two golden horns, one shorter than the other, discovered in North Slesvig, or Schleswig, in Denmark. The horns were believed to date to the fifth century (Germanic Iron Age).

    The horns were made of solid gold and constructed from rings, each covered with figures soldered onto the rings, with yet more figures carved into the rings between the larger figures. These figures probably depict some actual events or norse saga which is now unknown to us.

    The most probable theory is that the illustrations comes from Celtic mythology rather than Norse: the horns portray a man with horns and a necklace, very similar in appearance to the Celtic god Cernunnos (especially compared to the Cernunnos portrait on the Gundestrup cauldron, also found in Denmark), and several iconographic elements such as a he-goat, snakes and deers, commonly associated with Cernunnos. Several other archeological findings from southern Scandinavia also show influence from Celtic religion.

    The horns are believed to originate with the Angles, but several theories of their origins exist. The horns have probably been used for ritual drinking and subsequently sacrificed in the earth or buried as a treasure, though this is also uncertain. Similar horns of wood, glass, bone and bronze have been found in the same area, some obviously used for blowing signals rather than drinking.

    Both horns had been the same length, but the narrow end of the second (short) horn was plowed up and recovered prior to 1639, and the gold was melt down and lost.

    The first horn (the long, intact one) was 75,8 centimeter measured on the outer perimeter, the opening diameter was 10,4 centimeter, and weighed 3,2 kg. This horn was discovered on July 20 1639 by a peasant girl named Kirsten Svendsdatter in the village of Gallehus, near Møgeltønder when she saw it protrude above the ground.

    She wrote a letter to the Danish king Christian IV of Denmark who retrieved it and in turn gave it to the Danish prince (also named Christian), who refurbished it into a drinking horn. The Danish antiquarian Olaus Wormius wrote a treatise named De aureo cornu on the first Golden horn in 1641.

    The first preserved sketch of the horn comes from this treatise. In 1678 it was described in the scientific journal Journal de Savants.

    About 100 years later on April 21, 1734 the other (shorter, damaged) horn was found by Erich Lassen not far from the first one. He gave it to the count of Schackenborg who in turn delivered it to the king Christian VI of Denmark and received 200 rigsdaler in return.

    From this moment both horns were stored at Det kongelige Kunstkammer at Christiansborg, currently the Danish Rigsarkivet (national archive). The short horn was described in a treatise by archivist Richard Joachim Paulli the same year.

    This second horn featured a runic inscription saying "Ek Hlewagastiz holtijaz horna tawido" with the approximate translation:

    I, leeguest from/son of Holt made the horn or
    I, Hlewagastiz (=personal name) hold (this) horn (that I) made.

    Historians still don't agree about the exact translation. This inscription is one of the earliest inscriptions in the Older Futhark, and a line of alliterative verse.

    On May 4 1802 the horns were stolen by a goldsmith and watchmaker named Niels Heidenreich, who gained access to the storage area using two forged keys and immediately afterwards destroyed them in his kitchen to recycle the gold.

    The thievery was discovered the next day and advertisements were put into present day mass media with a bounty of 1000 rigsdaler and full anonymity for information that would lead to the arrest of the culprit.

    The grandmaster of the goldsmith guild, Andreas Holm suspected that Hiedenreich had been involved, since he had tried to trick him into buying forged pagodas (indian coins with god motifs), made of bad gold mixed with brass. Holm and his colleagues had watched Heidenreich and seen him dumping coin stamps in the town moat. He was arrested on April 27 1803 and confessed the theft on April 30.

    He was subsequently sentenced to prison on June 10 1803 and not released until 1840. Four years later he died. The gold sold by Heidenreich was returned by the buyers, but was not used for creating new copies, instead it was used for coins.

    Sketches of the images on the horns and the runic inscription were however made and thus approximate copies could be made. New copies were created in 1980, portrayed in the image at the top. Exact plaster copies had also been made for a cardinal in Rome, but the ship carrying the copies sank outside Corsica, so these copies were lost.
    Attached Images Attached Images  
    Lík börn leika best.

  2. The Following 3 Users Say Thank You to Blutwölfin For This Useful Post:


  3. #2
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2005
    Last Online
    Wednesday, January 25th, 2006 @ 03:11 PM
    Country
    United States United States
    Gender
    Religion
    Heathen
    Posts
    391
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    1
    Thanked in
    1 Post
    How ironic is it that someone with the name Heidenreich was responsible for their destruction?

  4. The Following User Says Thank You to Heidenlord For This Useful Post:


  5. #3
    Senior Member Ethelwulf's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2005
    Last Online
    Tuesday, August 15th, 2006 @ 04:17 AM
    Location
    CA
    Occupation
    musician
    Posts
    77
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    0
    Thanked in
    0 Posts
    Great article.
    Mathilda: "I know nothing about eternity, but I should think that what I feel whenever I think of you would have to be eternity."
    Henry: "Yes, Mathilda, we are eternal because we love each other."


    - from "Henry Von Ofterdingen", Novalis

  6. #4
    Senior Member Ulex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2004
    Last Online
    Thursday, October 29th, 2009 @ 01:11 AM
    Ethnicity
    Scandinavian
    Subrace
    Nordid
    Country
    Denmark Denmark
    Location
    Locked up in a Golden Cage
    Gender
    Age
    51
    Occupation
    Demolisher
    Politics
    non-marxist socialist
    Religion
    Haven't you heard? God is dead!
    Posts
    227
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    2
    Thanked in
    2 Posts

    Post Vedr: The Golden Horns of Gallehus

    The same year which the horns were stolen, the great Danish national romantic poet, Adam Oehlenschläger (1779-1850), wrote a poem to honour the horns and their makers. Oehlenschläger also wrote the beautiful verses in the Danish national anthem, of which I will roughly translate the first lines:

    There is a beautiful land
    that proudly spreads her beeches
    beside the Baltic shore,
    a land that curves in hill and dale,
    that men have named Old Denmark;
    and this is Freya's hall.

    His poem "The Golden Horns" goes like this (sorry, I haven't got the time to translate it, but if you guys are interested, I will later translate some exerpts):


    Guldhornene


    De higer og søger
    I gamle Bøger,
    I oplukte Høie
    Med speidende Øie,
    Paa Sværd og Skiolde
    I muldne Volde,
    Paa Runestene
    Blandt smuldnede Bene.

    Oldtids Bedrifter
    Anede trylle;
    Men i Mulm de sig hylle,
    De gamle Skrifter.
    Blikket stirrer,
    Sig Tanken forvirrer.
    I Taage de famle.

    "I, gamle, gamle
    "Hensvundene Dage,
    "Da det straalte i Norden,
    "Da Himlen var paa Jorden,
    "Giv et Glimt tilbage!"

    Skyen suser,
    Natten bruser,
    Gravhøien sukker,
    Roser sig lukker,
    De øvre Regioner
    Toner.
    De sig møde, de sig møde,
    De forklarede Høie,
    Kampfarvede, røde,
    Med Stierneglands i Øie.

    "I, som raver i blinde,
    "Skal finde
    "Et ældgammelt Minde,
    "Der skal komme, og svinde.
    "Dets gyldne Sider
    "Skal Præget bære,
    "Af de ældste Tider.
    "Af det kan I lære.
    "Med andagsfuld Ære,
    "I vor Gave belønne!
    "Det skiønneste Skiønne,
    "En Mø
    "Skal Helligdommen finde."
    Saa synge de og svinde.
    Lufttonerne døe.

    Hrymfaxe, den sorte,
    Puster, og dukker
    Og i Havet sig begraver.
    Morgenens Porte
    Delling oplukker,
    Og Skinfaxe traver
    I straalende Lue
    Paa Himlens Bue.

    Og Fuglene synge.
    Duggperler bade
    Blomsterbade
    Som Vindene gynge.
    Og med svævende Fied
    En Mø hendandser
    Til Marken afsted.
    Violer hende krandser.
    Hendes Rosenkind brænder.
    Hun har Lilliehænder.
    Let som en Hind,
    Med muntert Sind.
    Hun svæver, og smiler;
    Og som hun iler,
    Og paa Elskov grubler -
    Hun snubler,
    Og stirrer, og skuer
    Gyldne Luer,
    Og rødmer, og bæver,
    Og zittrende hæver
    Med undrende Aand,
    Af sorten Muld
    Med sneehvide Haand
    Det røde Guld.

    En sagte Torden
    Dundrer.
    Hele Norden
    Undrer.

    Og hen de stimle
    I store Vrimle,
    og grave og søge,
    Skatten at forøge.
    Men intet Guld!
    Deres Haab har bedraget;
    De see kun det Muld,
    hvoraf de er taget.

    Et Sekel svinder.

    Over Klippetinder
    Det atter bruser.
    Stormenes Sluser
    Bryde med Vælde.
    Over Norges Fielde
    Til Danmarks Dale
    I Skyernes Sale
    De forklarede Gamle
    Sig atter samle.

    "For de sieldne Faae
    "Som vor Gave forstaae;
    "Som ei Jordlænker binde,
    "Men hvis Siæle sig hæve
    "Til det Eviges Tinde;
    "Som ane det Høie,
    "I Naturens Øie;
    "Som tilbedende bæve
    "For Guddommens Straaler,
    "I Sole, i Violer,
    "I det Mindste, i det Største;
    "Som brændende tørste
    "Efter Livets Liv;
    "Som - o, store Aand
    "For de svunde Tider!
    "See dit Guddomsblik
    "Paa Helligdommens Sider:
    "For dem lyder atter vort Bliv.
    "Naturens Søn,
    "Ukiendt i Løn,
    "Men som sine Fædre
    "Kraftig og stor,
    "Dyrkende sin Jord,
    "Ham vil vi hædre:
    "Han skal atter finde."
    Saa synge de, og svinde.

    Hrymfaxe den sorte,
    Puster og dukker,
    Og i Havet sig begraver.
    Morgenens Porte
    Delling oplukker,
    Og Skinfaxe traver
    I straalende Lue,
    Paa Himlens Bue.

    Ved lune Skov
    Øxnene trække
    Den tunge Plov,
    Over sorten Dække.

    Da standser Ploven,
    Og en Gysen farer
    Igiennem Skoven.
    Fugleskarer
    Pludselig tier.
    Hellig Taushed
    Alt indvier.

    Da klinger i Muld
    Det gamle Guld.

    Tvende Glimt fra Oldtidsdage
    Funkler i de nye Tider.
    Selsomt vendte de tilbage,
    Gaadefyldt paa røde Sider.

    Mystisk Helligdom omsvæver
    Deres gamle Tegn og Mærker.
    Guddomsglorien ombæver
    Evighedens Underværker.

    Hædrer dem, thi Skiebnen skalter!
    Snart maaskee de er forsvunden.
    Jesu Blod paa Herrens Alter
    Fylde dem, som Blod i Lunden!

    Men I see kun Guldets Lue,
    Ikke det ærværdigt Høie;
    Sætte dem som Pragt til Skue
    For et mat nysgierrigt Øie.

    Himlen sortner, Storme brage;
    Visse Time! du er kommen.
    Hvad de gav, de tog tilbage.
    Evig bortsvandt Helligdommen.
    Last edited by Ulex; Friday, October 7th, 2005 at 11:26 PM.

  7. The Following User Says Thank You to Ulex For This Useful Post:


  8. #5
    Senior Member CountBloodSpawn's Avatar
    Join Date
    Aug 2005
    Last Online
    Sunday, June 18th, 2006 @ 01:29 AM
    Country
    United States United States
    Location
    northeast
    Gender
    Age
    33
    Family
    Single
    Occupation
    dark sith lord
    Politics
    National-Socialism
    Religion
    Odinism
    Posts
    233
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    0
    Thanked in
    0 Posts

    Post Re: The Golden Horns of Gallehus

    what an awesome relic a great and valueble find

  9. #6
    Senior Member Ulex's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2004
    Last Online
    Thursday, October 29th, 2009 @ 01:11 AM
    Ethnicity
    Scandinavian
    Subrace
    Nordid
    Country
    Denmark Denmark
    Location
    Locked up in a Golden Cage
    Gender
    Age
    51
    Occupation
    Demolisher
    Politics
    non-marxist socialist
    Religion
    Haven't you heard? God is dead!
    Posts
    227
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    2
    Thanked in
    2 Posts

    Post Vedr: The Golden Horns of Gallehus

    In this post I will not translate the poem mentioned above. I have tried to do so, but it appears to me that I am a better writer than I am a translator. I have great difficulties in expressing myself in English, and being rather paranoid, I begin to wonder, if the English language was created by God when he was in anger.

    Instead I will retell the poem written by Oehlensläger, and just for the fun of it, I will retell it in verses.

    As another Sheherazade I will tell the story little by little, knowing that when I get to the ending, I will probably be banned, as Oehlenslägers poem has a terrible conclusion.

    Here goes, my patient Skadi readers:

    They are looking everywhere,
    in old and dusty books!
    They open the mounds of our fathers,
    eagerly watching,
    the rusty swords and shields,
    hoping to find answers
    in runes carved by strong ancestrial hands.
    Among crumbling bones.

    The deeds of our fathers
    are hidden in the Fog of Time
    Last edited by Ulex; Saturday, October 8th, 2005 at 02:28 PM.

  10. The Following User Says Thank You to Ulex For This Useful Post:


  11. #7
    Senior Member
    Join Date
    Jul 2002
    Last Online
    Thursday, March 30th, 2017 @ 06:01 PM
    Ethnicity
    German
    Ancestry
    German and English
    Subrace
    Nordid
    mtDNA
    H
    Country
    Prussia Prussia
    State
    Teutonic Order Teutonic Order
    Gender
    Zodiac Sign
    Aquarius
    Family
    Single adult
    Occupation
    Student
    Politics
    Ethnocentrism
    Religion
    Asatru
    Posts
    1,822
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    0
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    5
    Thanked in
    5 Posts

    Post Re: The Golden Horns of Gallehus

    Too bad the originals were destroyed by some idiot who made them into fake coins!

  12. The Following User Says Thank You to GreenHeart For This Useful Post:


  13. #8
    Senior Member Fire spirit's Avatar
    Join Date
    Apr 2004
    Last Online
    Sunday, January 20th, 2019 @ 02:06 AM
    Ethnicity
    English
    Ancestry
    England, Scotland, Germany
    Country
    United Kingdom United Kingdom
    State
    Wessex Wessex
    Location
    England
    Gender
    Family
    In a steady relationship
    Occupation
    Mum
    Politics
    Environment friendly
    Religion
    Heathen/Pagan
    Posts
    508
    Thanks Thanks Given 
    918
    Thanks Thanks Received 
    201
    Thanked in
    109 Posts
    The replicas are lovely but not relics from the ancient past. That ending of the horns being melted down happened in 1802 was by a thief. The casts of those horns made back in the 18th Century also disappeared so we can only go by 17th Century drawings made of them.

    The first of those two original horns was discovered by a peasant girl in 1639 named Kirsten Svendsdatter. Erich Lassenfound the second horn in 1734. (Off topic now but is it just possible there could be more of those waiting to be found?)

    The girl Kirsten lived a dream when she found the golden horns. How fairytale and magical that must've been for her. This is her gravestone.

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Guldhorn_1.JPG 
Views:	21 
Size:	198.6 KB 
ID:	114108

    This is a CD storybook (apologies if I have misunderstood it).

    Click image for larger version. 

Name:	Marskens guld 1 hjemmeside.JPG 
Views:	19 
Size:	127.1 KB 
ID:	114109
    (It doesn't matter how old the song is, I won't stop liking it).

  14. The Following 2 Users Say Thank You to Fire spirit For This Useful Post:


Similar Threads

  1. Best Books on the Nordic Bronze Age and Pre-Roman Iron Age?
    By Theudiskaz in forum Germanic & Indo-Germanic Origins
    Replies: 7
    Last Post: Tuesday, May 29th, 2018, 04:37 AM
  2. The Devil Horns - A Germanic Symbol?
    By Wulfram in forum Runes & Sinnbildkunde
    Replies: 10
    Last Post: Sunday, January 2nd, 2011, 06:22 AM
  3. Replies: 1
    Last Post: Wednesday, January 31st, 2007, 07:59 AM
  4. The Numerology of Runes on the Gallehus Horns
    By Blutwölfin in forum Runes & Sinnbildkunde
    Replies: 0
    Last Post: Friday, November 18th, 2005, 06:41 PM

Bookmarks

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •