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Thread: The Proto-Germanic Language

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  2. #12
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    Here are some reconstructed Proto-Germanic words I got from the Reginheim site:

    Gods & Goddesses

    Aesir – Ansiwez (s. Ansuz)
    Vanir – Wenijiz (s. Weniz)

    Odin – W˘danaz “Raging One”
    Vili – Weljon
    Ve – Wihaz
    Thor – Ůunaraz “Thunderer”
    Tyr – Tţwaz “Shining Heaven”
    Frigga – Er■o “Earth”
    Heimdal – Haimadalliz “Home-Valley”
    Njord – Ner■uz
    Frey – Fraujaz “Lord”
    Freya – Frauj˘n “Lady”
    Balder – Bal■raz “Brave One”
    Forseti – Furasatijan “Chairman”
    Bragi – Bragan
    Aegir – Ă’gwijaz “Sea”
    Ostara – Austr˘n “Eastern One”
    Loki – Laugiz “Blazing One”
    Hela - Halj˘

    Days

    Sunday – Sunnodagaz
    Monday – Menodagaz
    Tuesday – Tiwadagaz
    Wednesday – W˘danadagaz
    Thursday – Ůunaradagaz
    Friday – Frauj˘dagaz
    Saturday – Saterdagaz

    Months

    January – Wentrumeno■
    February – Hurningameno■
    March – Len■ameno■
    April – Austromeno■
    May – Wai■imeno■
    June – Brekimeno■
    July – Hawjameno■
    August – Aznomeno■
    September – Harbistameno■
    October – Winameno■
    November – Blo■ameno■
    December – Hailagameno■

    Holy Days

    Charming of the Plough – Landasegn (Feb 1)
    Ostara/Summerfinding – Austr˘n/Sumerafen■an (Mar 21)
    Midsummer – Medjasumeraz (Jun 21)
    Harvest Festival – Aznodul■iz (Sep 28)
    Winternights – Wentrunahtijiz (Oct 14-17)
    Mothernight – Modrjanahtiz (Dec 20)
    Yule – Jegwla (Dec 21)

    Common Heathen Terms

    Ask – Askaz
    Disir – Disijiz (s. Disiz)
    Elves – Albiz
    Embla – Elmaz
    Frith – Fri■uz
    Fylgja – Fulgjoz (s. Fulgjo)
    Galdr – Galdraz
    Giants – Ůurisaz
    Go­i – Gudjo
    Gy­ja – Gudinjo
    Hof – Hufaz
    Horg – Harugaz
    Kindred – Kuniz
    Sei­kona – Sei■akweniz
    Sei­man – Sei■amannaz
    Sei­r – Sei■a
    Spae – Spaho
    Spßkona – Spahokweniz
    Spßman – Spahomannaz
    Stallr – Stullon
    Urlag – Urulaga
    Valkyries – Walakuzjoz
    Wyrd – Wurdiz

  3. #13
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    Question ...Proto-Germanic Project....

    Spursmaal: How is the "z" pronounced in Proto-Germanic ? Is it a "ts" as in Modern German or like a voiced "s" in English or is it aspirated as in French ?:

  4. #14
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    Quote Originally Posted by Egil Skallagrimsson
    Spursmaal: How is the "z" pronounced in Proto-Germanic ? Is it a "ts" as in Modern German or like a voiced "s" in English or is it aspirated as in French ?:
    I'm not sure how the z is pronounced. The ■eu­isk˘n site is under construction but they're apparently planning on a pronunciation and grammar section.

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    Lightbulb "From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic" - Paradigms of the Proto-Germanic Language

    I'm not sure whether this thread should be in the Gallery under Anthropology because these are pictures, or here because the Anthroplogy gallery seems to be concentrated on Physical Anthropology, Archaeology, and Paleoentology, rather than Linguistics.

    But here are some grammatical Paradigms of the Proto-Germanic language reconstructed by Don Ringe in his book From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, the first volume of A Linguistic History of English.
    Donald Ringe, A History of English: Volume I From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, vol. 1 (New York: Oxford UP, 2006) 214, 265-268, 279-281, 283-287, 288-291

    I think the work that scholars like Ringe have done to reconstuct our ancestral language is an invaluable contribution to the preservation and understanding our Germanic heritage.


    If there are any copyright issues in danger of being infringed upon I will remove this asap.

    Phonology
    http://i9.tinypic.com/2h38pdl.jpg

    Sample Verb Paradigms
    http://i15.tinypic.com/3yzkchl.jpg
    http://i7.tinypic.com/34es0vo.jpg
    http://i18.tinypic.com/2nh3m8w.jpg
    http://i9.tinypic.com/455aixf.jpg

    Sample Noun Paradigms
    http://i9.tinypic.com/4i5j0a9.jpg
    http://i15.tinypic.com/2ceq0rm.jpg

    Strong Adjective Paradigm
    http://i15.tinypic.com/484zaso.jpg

    Weak Adjective Paradigm
    http://i18.tinypic.com/3zhron7.jpg

    Adjective Comparison
    http://i19.tinypic.com/4bdoq3t.jpg
    http://i7.tinypic.com/34ijlza.jpg
    http://i7.tinypic.com/2rxcxh2.jpg

    Demonstrative Pronoun
    http://i19.tinypic.com/40p64bp.jpg
    http://i9.tinypic.com/47lc41w.jpg

    Interrogative and Personal Pronoun
    http://i15.tinypic.com/4c3elg9.jpg
    http://i19.tinypic.com/402dmxg.jpg

    Numerals
    http://i9.tinypic.com/43mr7ls.jpg
    http://i18.tinypic.com/30lns5v.jpg
    Last edited by Theudiskaz; Sunday, February 4th, 2007 at 06:44 AM. Reason: grammar
    -Hyge sceal ­e heardre, heorte ­e cÚnre, mˇd sceal ­e mßre, ■ř ˙re mŠgen lytla■. -The Battle of Maldon
    -I love the great despisers, because they are the great adorers, and arrows of longing for the other shore. -Thus Spake Zarathustra

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    Re: Proto-Germanic Paradigms

    Good find. Do you get a journal that tells you about new books like this or what? For PGmc grammatics I have only found Voyles readily gettable, and he's got a narrow angle. But Ringe from the looks of it has almost the same endings, that is, having a later CGmc "weakening". Older paradigms can be found in the files on groups.yahoo.com/theudiskon. You can tell by the url that they rebuild after an earlier time of PGmc., and that mostly NWGmc.

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    Re: Proto-Germanic Paradigms

    No, I just found this book at the library. Do you have any links to this Voyles guy?
    -Hyge sceal ­e heardre, heorte ­e cÚnre, mˇd sceal ­e mßre, ■ř ˙re mŠgen lytla■. -The Battle of Maldon
    -I love the great despisers, because they are the great adorers, and arrows of longing for the other shore. -Thus Spake Zarathustra

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    Re: Proto-Germanic Paradigms

    Here's some...

    Amazon

    Some files with paradigms by Banninck, Bammesberger and Voyles (in. al.)

    Theudiskon

    Theudiskon (pdf)


    Here' s an example of Voyle's verb conjugation:
    berana - to bear, to carry



    Singular Dual Plural

    ======== ==== ======

    Present 1st Person beru berōz berumz

    Active 2nd Person biriz berađz beređ

    Indicative 3rd Person biriđ - berand



    Past 1st Person bar bēru bērm

    Active 2nd Person bart/bēriz bērts bērđ

    Indicative 3rd Person bar - bērun


    -


    Present 1st Person berō berēwe berēme

    Active 2nd Person berēz berēđz berēđ

    Subjunctive 3rd Person berē - berēn



    Past 1st Person bērī(o/u) bērīwe bērīme

    Active 2nd Person bērīs bērīθz bērīθ

    Subjunctive 3rd Person bērī - bērīn



    -


    Present 1st Person berađe - berande

    Passive 2nd Person beraze - berande

    Indicative 3rd Person berađe - berande


    -


    Present 1st Person berēđ(ē/a)u - berēnd(ē/a)u

    Passive 2nd Person berēz(ē/a)u - berēnd(ē/a)u

    Subjunctive 3rd Person berēđ(ē/a)u - berēnd(ē/a)u


    -



    Singular Plural

    ======== ======

    Imperative 2nd Person ber -

    3rd Person berōđa berandō



    Infinitive berana

    Active Participle berand + adjectival endings

    Past Passive Participle bor(e/a)n + adjectival endings

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    Re: Proto-Germanic Paradigms

    Voyles (cont.):
    Note: inflectional o stands for macron-o. Also, I have not included EG forms.

    NOUNS
    a-Class

    N dagaz dagos/oz
    G dages dag
    ȭ
    D dagē dagamz
    A daga dagŃ
    L dagi
    I dage
    V dag

    wor
    đa worđu
    wor
    đes worđȭ
    worđē worđamz
    wor
    đa worđu
    &c.

    o-Class

    gebu geboz
    geboz gebȭ
    gebu/
    ē gebomz
    gebo geb
    ȭ

    i-Class

    gastiz gastīz
    gastes gastij
    ȭ
    gastē gastimz
    gasti gastĩ

    kʷ
    ēniz ēnīz
    ēnīz/ēzēnijȭ
    ēni/ēēnimz
    ēni ēnĩ

    u-Class

    sunuz sunjuz/sunoz
    sunoz sunewo/sun
    ȭ
    sunu/eu/o sunumz
    sunu sun
    ũ
    V sunu

    fehu fehewu
    &c.

    n-Class

    gumo gumanz
    gum(i/a)nz guman
    ȭ
    gum(i/a)n gumanmz (?+amz), gumnumz
    gumanu guman
    ũ

    tungo tungonz
    tungonz tungon
    ȭ
    tungon tungonmz/?umz
    tungonu tungonũ

    herto hert(a/o)nu
    hert(i/a)nz hert(a/o)n
    ȭ
    hert(i/a)n hert(a/o)nmz/?umz
    herto hert(a/o)nu

    Athematic Classes

    brō
    θer brōθ(0/i)rz
    brōθ(0/i)rz brōθrȭ
    brōθ(0/i)r brōθurmz, ? brōθrumz
    brōθ(e/a)ru brōθ(0/e)rũ


    ...



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    Re: Proto-Germanic Paradigms

    Adjectives

    blindaz blindē
    blindes blindēzȭ
    blindamme/u blindēmz
    blinda/ano blindŃ
    blindi
    blindu

    blinda/ato blindu

    blindu blidoz/ē
    blindēzoz blindēzȭ
    blindē/ēzē/ēzu blindēmz/omz
    blindo blindȭ

    Weak declension follows n-Class.

    Comparison

    blindizo, blindistz
    frumo, frumistaz/frumisto
    iz and ist alternated later with oz and ost from the comparative of adverbs in -o.

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