View Full Version : History of the Templars in Sweden

Friday, April 24th, 2009, 02:21 AM

White Monk

In France, BENEDICTINE its finest monastery in Cluny, as well as fine folk treasures gathered to at least a time gather lessons. Cluny had killed many saints and extravagance detail rich. Man its still food under benediktinerregeln, but on silvertalrikar. We slept not more than the rule, but in baldachin Brok.

The reaction came when Bernhard third son of Count Tescelius to Fontaine-les-Dijon received the invitation and began in Cluny as 16-year-old ... a normal age to form his world view. This was too much for the nyfrälsta Bernhard and he moved to a newly created monastery which was subsequently called Clairvaux. The words he formed called the White Monk and became official in 1119. It was in itself no innovation but a return to the original rules of simplicity. So, for example, received their churches not have the tower as unnecessary extravagance.

He måtte have been a sjutusan the preacher and ardent man. Soon enough, followed his father and four brothers and 30 friends his example and became monks. His glow spread first to the Pope, who used him ... and also to other scholars and religious in Europe who were arrested by the nyandliga movement.

White Monk single class of supernumerary sons who saw a chance to achieve power within the church. As late as mid-1200's introduced celibacy. Abbott and bishops were the closest political or nepotism. Bishops had been ranked in the royal children. To live ståndsmässigt, they had to be tax-free and to own property and engage in trade.

CISTERCIAN activities began in 1140-century in the Nordic countries. For once the debt was "Sweden", thanks to Archbishop Eskil first with something. A couple of decades earlier than Denmark built cistercienserkloster in Herrevad founded in 1144 AD. The reason was probably that BENEDICTINE was so strong in Denmark and the reaction came later, when the older monasteries "was renamed" on. Moreover, the effect of a Mr mans seat to be greatest in the vicinity ie. in this occasion where Lund Cathedral was inaugurated shortly after Herrevad. Subsequent to the korherrarna August which was specialized as helpers at the cathedrals.

Temple Knight

About the same time as Clairvaux founded 9 knights guarding the tomb of Jesus in the Sepulchre Sanctus = Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. They were from the South of France and of nobility as well as Bernhard and his circle. They formed the first Christ's Militia and the first nine years, they supplement their income by handouts of Pilgrimess to Jesus' tomb and to Jordan. It soon became only a good source of income.

One or other pope had ideas about the creation of God State. Pipin the Little defeated the Lombards in 750-century and gave exarkatet Ravenna to the Pope and the idea lived on long enough. It was only Byzantium which was almost created an atheist state. Naturally, the Pope supported the formation of the temple knights with the task of protecting Pilgrimess, but also as a sort of army directly controlled by the Pope.

The year 1127 at a large collection of Troyes in France, there were bishops and Abbott together with Pope Honorius and Stefan Patriarch of Jerusalem. Then the words officially instituted and decided they would have CISTERCIAN white robe with a red cross in from the root growing narrow wings. The name they received that they were in Herranen Temple. Their main task was to guard the tomb and to protect Pilgrimess during their trips.

Their leaders in Jerusalem were from the beginning of Payens Hugh and Geoffrey of St. Omer. Hugh turned to Bernhard of Clairvaux that he would provide encouragement to those who wanted to support or be in the temp cles. After some URGE and perhaps to Bernhard would have time to formulate, he wrote an endorsement of the five chapters which in my version is 5 A4 pages. Surely this has since written off and sent to all European countries.

Bernhard opens the letter with "To Hugh, Christ 'Knight and grand master of the Christian Militia only in name, abbot of Clairvaux, wish he måtte run a good battle"

As the skilled vendors Bernhard was he turns directly contrary to the men. He anticipates immediately undertake to neutralize the objections against the dead in Christ's name. The Catholic Church = Emperor Theodosius I had already from the beginning in the year 382 AD stated that it was heresy if it did not follow the Catholic Church rules and customs. But then the church separated from the State had not had occasion to define the Church's position in battle. There was something for the secular rulers. Now, it was literally an army.

Bernhard statement is almost a spiritual war. It is not just that it is contrary to those who want to attack the church. It becomes a battle against evil itself. Evil has not physical existence. It is perhaps natural that we in this time sees the baptismal font decorated with cross knight in contravention of a Drake. The enemy has no face anymore. It is still in our days, a difficult ethical issue for many religions. Daily, is murder in the name of religion anywhere in the world.

Pope strengthened Bernhard words, if contrary to promise a year of forgiveness of sins. Those who were killed in battle was acquitted from purgatory and had all sins forgiven. It is natural that the upper class were caught by the message of a man with a word of power. He portray Jerusalem as Israel's Virgin Daughter of Zion to be raised from the ashes ... The Nordic myth of the Virgin Stridsman was then old symbol of what we fought for.

In chapter four for he is a Messianic glow when he was at this time see more than what's available:

"... What can we say except that this has been done by the Lord and it is wonderful in our eyes. These troops are picked by God, who retrieved them from the world's ducks. The brave men of Israel chosen to bravely guard the tomb which is the the Solomon bed. Every man with sword in hand excellently trained for war "...

What kunne well be more appropriate than Solomon temple blocks and stables to these brave men. Of course he condemns all pagans as pollution and merchants in this neighborhood is unthinkable. It says in the Bible. He called to clear all the holy places from the non-Christians. He sees the whole world is with the brave. It is Christ's revenge on opponents and the restoration of the holy city:

"Truly, the wonderful things said about you, God's city. Now we want to achieve abundance of joy to praise your wonderful name" ... so quit Bernhard spiritual war declaration



Temp Larne also received word rules in 76 paragraphs. Difficult to understand why they call them "primitive." Perhaps, therefore, that Father words CISTERCIAN had more than rules. In addition to the rules for entry and exit and that children do not suit themselves, there are rules about almost everything such as:

Suit, shirt, bed linen, shoes skoprydnader, how to eat, how to read, how to drink, to eat beef three times a week, for silence, invitations to travel abroad, harmony, only the master may have locked spaces, letters from family members to read up of masterpieces, gifts to go through masterly, prohibited to spread rumors, no ornerade BRIDLE, falcon hunting prohibited, no titles, married brothers permitted provided that the words inherit part.

This small selection says something about the regulatory and patriarchal leadership. As a rule 70 on Sisters said: "Pet with a woman is a dangerous thing, because the old devil has brought many from the road to Paradise. Therefore, let no women or sisters enter the temple ..." It was of course forbidden to kiss your mother or sister.

If you can call it losses, but the disruption of daily life were all celebrating in the temple to the Lord, St. Stefan, St. John the Evangelists, etc.. total of around 30 with eight days of July and three days of Easter. Temp Larne came to take goods which included farming, church and monastery, which was ruled by one or a couple of knights under the said rules. One of the biggest was a knight and 80 of lower rank as the four classes.

Temp Larne were never very many other words. Palestine 400 - 600, but then there were the leaders in Europe. With time did acquire 9000 properties. with great concentration to France. They were divided into 4 classes in which Knights / Knight was perhaps a thousand. The largest class was the sergeant who was a light cavalry. The others were the farm folk and temp's priests and monks. It is estimated that there were at least 10 other at each knight.

It is likely that particular These rules have formed a school for what we call Riddertiden. Another impact is knights weapon which came in the same turn. It was like an opposition to temp cles were not allowed to have other than the cross in the shield, while private companies had their own shield

Church Construction

For the 1000-century there were few churches in the country across Europe and it was only some cities that rock with a cathedral church as the center, the Roman Church and the Basilica dominates in the first period of the church building to be replaced by the Gothic, from mid-1100 -- century and a hundred years.

During the 1130-century, one begins to build stone churches, and it was a time of faith fighting in Denmark - Sweden, which continued until 1161. For Sweden, stabilized it with that Sverker I of Östergötland took over while Svealand perhaps was "Ulander" at this time. It is likely that he built the "things churches" in provinces such as Bolstads church with west tower. We have no stories, but the church building speak their own language through the large foundry building in Lund, which then influenced both Denmark as Götalands churches during most of 1100-century.

Lund, in turn, was immediately influenced by Italy but also of Germany. In Western Götaland, we Königslutterstilen characterized by ornerade pillar in Lund but with "leaves the foot" as a characteristic feature of the original West Götaland and the Valley as far as I could find. The ornerade pillars will probably from Byzantium, but leaves the foot is special. You can find a large number of details in our churches that exist today in Byzantium buildings and ruins.

Archbishop Asger dies in 1137 AD and Eskil of själländska Hvide family tree and becomes a dynamic engine for Nordic crusade to the east and probably the temple knights until 1177 AD when he abdicate. The first bishops was that the Hirdman any time with an armor in the closet and in the degree comparable to the royal children ..

One must remember that his policies are also of interest to Sweden until 1164 AD. But during the quiet time before his time must have been the temple knight in West Götaland. That testifies Fors Home church that must be planned and started construction in 1130-century after the wood dated to 1135-37 AD.


SASH on Forshem church of St. Nicolai attributes.

Fors Home portal for us to France by St.Martin is to the left. He introduced the monastic system in France and was certainly the most important saint in Clairvaux. On the right is St. Nicolaus an appropriate saint for temple knight because he was protector of the shipping ... see the boat left upper corner. See below for the saint Nils in Götaland at this time.

The main link to the Temple Knights are inscription ISTA ECCLESIA SIT IN SEASON Domini Nostra JESUS Christi ET Sancti SEPULCHRE "This church was built to Our Lord Jesus Christi and Holy Sepulcher."

Sancti Holy Sepulchre was the grave of late years 326 / 328 AD when Constantine I's mother Helena around 80 years old wanted to walk the same path that Jesus. With a little help of Judas Kyriakus she discovered the tomb and found the cross, according to legend, and it was set up guard at the tomb. She had particular build the Church of Bethlehem, but it is unclear whether she started the construction of Sepulchrekyrkan. It was at the event finished on 340-century and conserved residues of the cross in a silver casket. Most of the cross, including the nails were sent to the emperor Constantine. He used parts that skyddsamuletter including in a statue, and in their CAPARISON

With the RENASCENT interest took temple knights and later johanniterna of the task to guard the tomb and set up a hospital. Knights should have kept to their horses in the temple of Solomon. The text gives us an indirect communication on Templar existence of Götaland.

A curious detail we find in a TYMPANUM ie. bildfris over the door / gate. There are builder and probably Goti from Jutland. In the middle is a figure who blesses the church that is of model basil. This figure has a hat with a "gem". Similar hats can be seen in more places, but they also connected with the Episcopal hat. But most fun of course, is the original in Venice, which in turn was captured in Istanbul in the early 1200s. It is Constantine I's four sons with the original huvudbonaden details of monuments from the 300-century.

Above the building's main is a likely templarcrosses. You should be careful with the assessment because it made the same Greek cross, was in vogue at the time. But this seems to have the normal templarformen. Furthermore, note that the Horseman coming in from the right to trample on the toes builder. It will be a greeting gesture introduced from Palestine. Throughout the 1100-century was much influence from Italy, Greece and the Ecumenical such as lilium blocks of Byzantine cut. In St Sepulchre church, it would be understood by natural impulses from Jerusalem

Fors Home church is a distinctive korsfararkyrka and is situated below Kinnekulle and not far from the credit. In order to finance the many bildfriserna must have been wealth behind. One can speculate about Bishops Ödgrim around 1130 - 1150 AD has been great for building or alternatively, perhaps the king himself. Across Europe had its own temple lords property where they built the church and shelter for travelers knight with the necessary production of necessities. They became rich as a state within a state. The organization became so rich that it can function as a bank for the kings and merchants.

Characteristic of alleged assault churches before 1150 AD is that they usually have a good west towers. Sverkers I's church in Kaga in 1130 AD is an example. These may not have been necessary for the defense, but as a residence when the King traveled the country. They may also have been used as the King's stores or "fatebur" where tax and other gathered.

Over class was relatively small in the entire Nordic region and also in Europe. In the rest of Europe were only a few major cathedrals and were actually very similar in the Nordic countries the extension of the stone churches during 1100 and 1200-tal. It was natural for the upper classes to send their gifted sons of famous monasteries and later to Paris for study as the education system grew. Equally natural was on large parts of the upper class became familiar with each other. The situation in the Nordic countries improved in Ribe cathedral school was inaugurated in 1147 AD and there kunne understood boys from across the Nordic countries seek.

On the lower level resulted in the many craftsmen in the construction cabin lights very new light. Churches decoration in turn the fans of the culture from Germany, Italy and Byzantium to the countryside. Each figure had its own history and the way people learned the Bible, while the priests are mostly mass in latin. Bible stories are universal and in the past similar peasant society was all the same wherever it was in the Old World.

But the young people of upper classes were trained in weapons use and more than a bishop / archbishop to take to the sword when it suited. The future Archbishop Eskil nephew Asger was the dominant Hvide family on Zealand and it is likely that he is the first vintage that were trained in Clairvaux, as he later was there several times. He has taken papacy and Bernard's desire to establish God's state and it is possible that he was a temple knight. He made himself a crusade to Vendar and Rügen ten years after he became archbishop.

Eskil became a central figure in the church policy in Scandinavia and came to power as Archbishop in 1137 AD. While he fought to establish God's government and it was not popular with the kings .. It was a confused era with two popes a time where Frederik Barbapapa Rosa had his rest and his. Eskil was even banished, than in prison and even in exile. During part of the time he stayed with Bernard of Clairvaux and made pilgrimage to Jerusalem where he met Templar grand master Bertrand de Blanche Fort. Bornholm makers think we made up plans for the mission in the Baltic Sea and especially in Estonia, where the temple of the Knights eventually formed a branch called the Swords words.

In 1152 AD visited Eskil Clairvaux and had with him a contingent White Monk when he returned. His Archbishop dome until 1164 AD also includes Sweden and it is well natural that some of these monks ended in Västergötland. Then you might wonder why a couple of monasteries "not fit" and for some reason were driven to Vitsköl in Denmark and to Lurö. The monks from Lurö teaches latter have established themselves in peace. One can speculate whether this gentleman to Aran has been patron saint, both in Forshem as Lurö / Lugnås.

You should remember that under Västgöta law was only the other Scandinavians and Englishmen equal to the emergency, while other nationalities were in the next few outlaws. Language and the misunderstanding was certainly his to French monks were not well-Edda. In Denmark, it was most commonly to import BENEDICTINE from England.

The fine Romanesque churches in Västergötland has a mix of influence from Lund and probably by German rock champion from Germany in what I call Königslutterstilen visible very well in Louis I's tomb church from 1130-century. It is, in turn, inspired by Byzantium as well as many Roman churches.

In Västergötland succeeded Ödgrim by Bengt the Gode 1150 - 1190 AD ie. some 40 years, which usually result in part came about. His POSTHUMOUS to write to the construction of particular round churches which often attribute TEMPLAR although they also built the normal Romance / Gothic churches. In the Nordic countries, Bornholm entire four round churches and speculate on those built into the Crusades. Baltic Sea was haunted by pirates, and so also Bornholm until the Valdemar the Great had the words and the defense there.

Otherwise there is / has been in Denmark, one on each on Zealand, Funen and Jutland. In Västergötland attributed Dimbo and Agne City ruins bishop Bengt and the model circular church ... see the rest of the Bengt Gode. Only Shoes's something rebuilt round church remains. Furthermore, perhaps the churches of prosperity and Velinga have been supported by the crusaders. Otherwise, is said to have been johanniter in Eskilstuna, Krokek, Krono Brooks, Stockholm and Söderköping. Johaniterna inherited temples goods why some of this may have been temp benefits earlier.

The meeting at Clairvaux in 1164 AD was important for Sweden as CISTERCIAN Stefan was elected and crowned Swedish Archbishop of Archbishop Eskil in exile. It seems to have been some politics behind when Pope Alexander III wanted to highlight that he was in charge and now prevailed over another Archbishop Dome. From the same meeting is a document where Karl Sverker, PhD listed as "Rex Swevorum et Gothorum"

The focus of the Swedish kingdom was transferred during the century by King Inge I of Axevalla to Sverker I of Kaga. The last Johan Sverker PhD in 1219 AD writes that he is the king of Sweden and steering from Svealand. Typical of the battle between Götaland and Svealand is scheduled to chair the Archbishop of Sweden. It took 12 years from the future Pope Albano visit in 1152 AD until it was agreed between Västergötland, Östergötland and svear that it would become Uppsala receiving bowl.