View Full Version : The Faroese Language (Froyskt)

Sunday, May 11th, 2008, 07:50 PM
Faroese (Føroyskt)

Faroese is a North Germanic language with around 47,000 speakers in the Faroe Islands (Føroyar). Faroese is closely related to Icelandic and the dialects of western Norway, though as a result of the isolation, the Faroese language has a distinctive character of its own.

The Faroe Islands were discovered in 825 AD by Grím Kamban and were colonialized during the 9th century by Vikings from Norway and from the Norse colonies in the British Isles. The main language of the settlers was Old Norse or the Dansk tunga (Danish tongue). Between 800 and 1050 AD a division began to appear between East Norse, which developed into Swedish and Danish, and West Norse, which developed into Norwegian, Faroese and Icelandic.

Faroese first appeared in writing during the 14th century mainly in the form of sagas and fables, which remain popular to this day. A standard written form for Faroese based on Icelandic was established in 1846 by Venceslaus Ulricus Hammershaimb (1819-1909). During the late 19th century modern Faroese literature began to appear and the first Faroese newspaper, Føringatiðindi, appeared in 1890.

Faroese alphabet (føroyska stavraðið)

A a Á á B b D d Ð ð E e F f G g H h I i
fyrra a á be de eð e eff ge há fyrra i
Í í J j K k L l M m N n O o Ó ó P p R r
fyrra í joð ká ell emm enn o ó pe err
S s T t U u Ú ú V v Y y Ý ý Æ æ Ø ø
ess te u ú ve seinna i seinna í seinna a ø

Source: http://home.unilang.org/wiki3/index.php/Faroese_alphabet

Faroese pronunciation


Source: http://home.unilang.org/wiki3/index.php/Faroese_pronunciation

Sample text

Øll menniskju eru fødd fræls og jøvn til virðingar og mannarættindi. Tey hava skil og samvitsku og eiga at fara hvørt um annað í bróðuranda.

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Longer sample text (Tower of Babel) (http://www.omniglot.com/babel/faroese.htm)

Useful phrases in Faroese (http://www.omniglot.com/language/phrases/faroese.php)


Information about the Faroese language

Faroese pronunciation

Online Faroese dictionaries

Online Faroese radio

Faroe Islands Information (in English and Faroese) - includes information on the Faroese language: http://www.framtak.com/

faroeweb.com - your gateway to the Faroe Islands (in English)

Faroe Islands Tourist Guide (in English, German and Danish)

Thursday, May 15th, 2008, 04:52 AM
Go also to youtube and type "Faroese Language Lesson".

This will teach you some basic phrases and how to pronounce them

Thursday, May 15th, 2008, 05:01 AM
Indeed, I believe youtube has many useful videos. I already have some saved in my favorites as I am interested in Northern Germanic languages.

I will embed a video on basic Faroese in this thread for anyone who is interested.


Tuesday, July 22nd, 2008, 03:01 AM
I have found these:

Useful Basics in Faroese:
Hello: Gan dag (gouwan dae)
Goodbye: Farvl (farrvael)
Yes: Ja (yah)
No: Nei (nigh)
Please: Gi/ga (gouwe/gouwa for male & female)
Thank you: Takk (tak)
Excuse me (sorry): Orsaka meg (Or-saeka may)
Do you speak English?: Duga tygum enskt? (Doowa teeyum enkst)
I don't understand: Eg skilji ikki (eh schil-ji eetje)
Faroese: Froyskt (foroyst)

Faroese Small-Talk:
What's your name?: Hvussu eita tygum (kvusu oytah teeyum)
Where are you from?: Hvaan ert t? (Vawahn air-dooh)
I am from...: Eg eri r... (eh ehr-ee oohr)
This is my wife/husband: Hetta er kona mn/maur mn.
I would like this, please: Kundi eg fingi hetta (kundi eh fingee-etah)
I love you: Eg elski teg (eh elsgih deh)

Directions & Travel:
North: norur (nordoohr)
East: eystur (aystoor)
South: suur (soo-doohr)
West: vestur (vestoohr)
Where are you going to?: Hvagar fert t? (Vahar fair-dooh)
Have a nice trip: Ga fer (goodah fair)

Numbers in Faroese:
Zero: Null (nool)
One: Eitt (oyt)
Two: Tvey (tvay)
Three: Tr (troy)
Four: Fra (fayrah)
Five: Fimm (fim)
Six: Seks (sex)
Seven: Sjey (shay)
Eight: tta (ottah)
Nine: Nggju (nuyg-ju)
Ten: Tggju (tuyg-ju)

Days & Times in Faroese:
Morning: morgun (more-gun)
Afternoon: seinnapart (saidn-apart)
Evening: kvld (k-vold)
Night: ntt (not)
Today: dag (uy day)
Tomorrow: morgin (uy morgeen)
Tonight: kvld (uy k-vold)
Yesterday: gjr (uy gjahr)

Useful Faroese Phrases for Emergencies:
Call a doctor: Ring eftir einum lkni (ring efteehr nemlecknee)
Hospital: hospital (hospi-tahl)
Police station: politist (poleetee stow)


Saturday, October 18th, 2008, 01:58 PM
Hi there Dagna and thanks for posting this :)
Well you can find information on lots of Faroese grammar on the net so i will not speak abything about that.
Faroese has most in common with Icleantic in grammar and structure.
But when spoken then it doesnt sound like Icelantic at all.

Icelandtic has rolling Rs, similar to the Rs in spanish and italian.
The danish have a mute R.
But in Faroe Islands and big parts of Norway and Sweden then the Rs are probounced like in American English. Having said thet then there are lots of other things in the pronounciation that foreigners may find difficult.

As an example the "ch/kj/sh" sound... this is a very common thing for west norwegian too. Ikki is probounced Iche.. the ch sound is similar to the english chew..

Hauke Haien
Monday, November 10th, 2008, 07:36 PM

Friday, November 14th, 2008, 03:57 AM
It is expensive (so start saving), but, for what it is worth, it is possible to go to the Faroe Islands and learn the language. Every couple of years the University of the Faroe Islands holds a Faroese Summer Institute for nonspeakers to learn the language. Information can be found HERE (http://setur.fo/en/university/faroese_summer_institute/).

Friday, May 1st, 2009, 03:32 AM
Thanks for posting.

Frysk is not that hard to read and understand while Icelandic on the other hand is totally unintelligible for me.
Seems that the language on Fryar is closer to "common" Scandinavian than Icelandic for some reason.

Friday, May 1st, 2009, 05:02 AM
Thanks for posting.

Frysk is not that hard to read and understand while Icelandic on the other hand is totally unintelligible for me.
Seems that the language on Fryar is closer to "common" Scandinavian than Icelandic for some reason.

I think it has a lot more Danish influence, it's still a part of Denmark, so that would make sense (I guess). I think Danish was the language of education, government, business, etc. there until the 20th century. Icelandic changed less over the years compared to the other ones as well, which would make sense as to why it seems more different.

Hauke Haien
Friday, May 1st, 2009, 05:54 AM

The Faroese part begins at 4:31.

Friday, May 1st, 2009, 08:06 AM
Seems that the language on Fryar is closer to "common" Scandinavian than Icelandic for some reason.
Probably because of less isolation compared to Iceland (close to Norway), and lacking the conservative attitude regarding the language that Iceland has had; not consciously preserved the way Iceland has done. Perhaps reigned by Denmark or Norway longer or in a more intimate way, than Iceland.

Linda Trostenhatten
Sunday, May 10th, 2009, 03:39 AM
There are no th sounds in faroese. Why they disappeared I don't know.

They have been replaced with a number of other sounds- t v j closed g and vowels

eng ic fa

wether veur vevur
others arir earir
then t
baith baa sig fara bea
There ar har - sounds bit like hear
ankyou akka jer takka tjer
father fair fajir / fayir
both bir bojir
thief jvur tsjvur

Sunday, May 10th, 2009, 07:13 AM
I love the way this language sounds, I've been listening to alot of the band "Tyr" lately and their songs in Faroese are great. I've also noticed that some words are similar to English such as:

So - So
Dag - Day
Blindur - Blind
Over - Across or Over
Hede - Heath

Of course alot of these are similar between all Germanic languages.

Friday, May 22nd, 2009, 04:59 PM
You've been listening to Sinklars vsa, haven't you? It's not in Faroese, it's sung in Gtudanskt (local Faroese pronounciation of Danish).

You did write two Faroese words there though: so and blindur

The others:

day - dagur
over - yvir, um
heath - heii

Wednesday, January 26th, 2011, 05:15 PM
There is a new language learning video on youtube. Enjoy :)


Wednesday, January 26th, 2011, 06:34 PM
Icelandtic has rolling Rs, similar to the Rs in spanish and italian.
The danish have a mute R.
But in Faroe Islands and big parts of Norway and Sweden then the Rs are probounced like in American English.I'm sorry, but that's not true. Most Norwegians and Swedes pronounce the R in the English fashion in certain cases, like when it's succeeded by a T or D, but we usually pronounce our R in the same fashion as Icelanders, Italians and Spaniards.

Wednesday, November 2nd, 2016, 01:12 AM
I do not know whether anybody on here can answer my question but I am curious of Faroese dialects : I have seen that the pronunciation of Faroese vowels varied greatly from North to South and wondered whether some varieties of Faroese were closer to Icelandic and Old Norse than others. Shetland Norn and Faroese were, from what I have read, mutually intelligible - could Nynorn (the revived Shetland Norn being elaborated at the moment) be termed, in that case, a Faroese dialect ?

Friday, April 3rd, 2020, 08:08 AM