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Frans_Jozef
Friday, November 24th, 2006, 10:34 AM
Dental remains from the Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure (Yonne)

Shara E. Bailey , Jean-Jacques Hublin


Abstract

Human remains associated with the earliest Upper Paleolithic industries are sparse. What is preserved is often fragmentary, making it difficult
to accurately assign them to a particular species.
For some time it has been generally accepted that Neandertals were responsible for the Chaˆtelperronian and anatomically modern humans for the early Aurignacian industries. However, the recent re-dating of several of the more-complete modern human fossils associated with the early Aurignacian (e.g., Vogelherd) has led some to question the identity of the makers and the context of these early Upper Paleolithic industries. The Grotte du Renne at Arcy-sur-Cure, France has yielded many hominin remains, from Mousterian, Chaˆtelperronian, Aurignacian, and Gravettian layers. Previously, a child’s temporal bone from the Chaˆtelperronian Layer Xb was recognized as belonging to a Neandertal; however, most of the teeth from Chaˆtelperronian layers VIII-X remain unpublished.
We describe the dental remains from the Chaˆtelperronian layers, place them in a comparative (Mousterian Neandertal and Upper Paleolithic modern human) context, and evaluate their taxonomic status. The teeth (n 29) represent a minimum of six individuals aged from birth to adult.
The permanent dental sample (n 15) from the Chaˆtelperronian layers of Arcy-sur-Cure exhibits traits (e.g., lower molar mid-trigonid crest) that occur more frequently in Neandertals than in Upper Paleolithic modern humans. Furthermore, several teeth show trait combinations, including Cusp 6/midtrigonid crest/anterior fovea in the lower second molar, that are rare or absent in Upper Paleolithic modern humans. The deciduous teeth (n 14) significantly increase the sample of known deciduous hominin teeth and are more similar to Mousterian Neandertals from Europe and Asia than to Upper Paleolithic modern humans. Thus, the preponderance of dental evidence from the Grotte du Renne strongly supports that Neandertals were responsible for the Chatelperronian industry at Arcy-sur-Cure.


PDF (http://www.eva.mpg.de/evolution/pdf/Bailey_Hublin2006_JHE.pdf)

Dr. Solar Wolff
Sunday, November 26th, 2006, 06:57 AM
The way I remember it, Typical Mousterian has characteristics in common and was thought ancestral to Chatelperronian. Chatelperronian was thought to have given rise to Perrigordian which I guess now has been lumped into the more widely spread Gravettian. Gravettian has similarities with the local Solutrean in France. Somewhere along this cultural sequence Neanderthals were replaced with modern men although the culture remained continuous.

Just after the Chatelperronian changed to Perrigordian (Gravettian), the Aurignacian entered France and with it modern men. The Aurignacian seems to have left or to have been pushed out by Gravettian-Solutrean times but the link with the Magdelanean is strong. The Magdelanean replaced the Solutrean in France in the final stages of the Pleistocene.

So, there were two distinct cultural lines in France (Middle to Upper Paleolithic) for all but the terminal phase of the Pleistocene in which there was only the Magdelanean and modern man.