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Blutwölfin
Monday, September 19th, 2005, 09:53 AM
The ancient finnish gods (from Hämä and Karjala) according to Mikael Agricola's Psalttari preamble, published in 1551. The spellings follow aproximately this "original" source.

Similar lists were published in other Bible translations during the 1540's and 1550's.

This list contains all the entities specifically mentioned by Agricola, except Piru which is generally considered to be the Christian devil.

The explanations could be expanded on until infinity due to many different interpretations, these are very succinct.

* Tapio — god of the forest and the hunt
* Achti — god of waters and fishing
* Äinemöinen — creator of songs, possibly water related entity
* Rachkoi — weird entity that was responsible for the moon's disappearance
* Lieckiö — controls grass, roots, and trees, however, in other instances mentioned as a ghost like creature that makes noises in the forest and scares travellers.
* Ilmarinen — a traveller's helper
* Turisas — god of war
* Cratti — protector of buried treasure
* Tontu — an elf or spirit protector of small areas
* Capeet — another eater of the moon
* Calevanpojat — giants, never seen but existed because their works were evident
* Rongoteus — god of growing rye
* Pellonpekko — god of growing barley
* Wirancannos — god of oats
* Egres — generally helped farmed plants grow, like peas, beans, turnips, cabbage, flax (linen or cotton, most likely flax) and hemp
* Köndös — probably god of ploughed land
* Ukko — god of thunder
* Rauni — possibly wife of Ukko. When they had words, the sky would quake.
* Hiisi — god of forest, but more unpredictable than Tapio who is generally considered helpful
* Wedhen Eme — another god of water
* Nyrckes — forest entity, gave squirrels
* Hittavanin — forest entity, gave rabbits (hares)

Three other, non-specific, entities that are mentioned by Agricola are:

* Cooludhen — the dead ancestors, were appeased with food, crying, and lamenting
* Menningeiset — general (or earth) spirits that were kept pleased with sacrifices
* Kivet, Cannot, Tädhet, Cwuta — the rocks, tree stumps, stars, and moon were also worshipped

Heroes, gods and spirits

This list serves as a compilation of the above along with more heroes from the Kalevala. It uses the modern spelling of names versus the older ones above. This serves as an introduction to some of the other avatars and things that exist in the Finnish pantheon. However, not all of them are necessarily magickal.

# Ahti — (or Ahto) god of the depths, giver of fish
# Ajattara — (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.
# Akka — ("old lady") female spirit, feminine counterpart of "Ukko".
# Antero Vipunen — deceased giant, protector of deep knowledge and magic
# Hiisi — demon, originally meaning a sacred grove. (Can sometimes mean goblin). It is possible that originally Hiisi was not a demon or a mean goblin but one of the oldest gods in Finland.
# Ilmarinen — (also "Seppo Ilmarinen") the great artificer, maker of heaven. Originally a male spirit of air. Related to Inmar.
# Ilmatar — female spirit of air — the daughter of primeal substance of creative spirit.
# Jumala — a god, a word later used for the christian God.
# Kalevan poika — (son/man of Kaleva) a giant hero who can cut down forests and mow down huge meadows, identical with Estonian national epic hero Kalevipoeg
# Kotitonttu — tutelary of the home.
# Kullervo — tragic loser
# Lemminkäinen — (Ahti Saarelainen — Kaukomieli) a brash hero
# Lempo — nasty spirit
# Lalli — (Laurentius) Finn who slew Bishop Henry, according to legend
# Louhi — (also "Loviatar") matriarch of Pohjola, hostess of Underworld.
# Luonnotar — spirit of nature, feminine creator
# Maaemo — literally "earthmother", see Akka or Louhi.
# Menninkäinen — a halfling
# Mielikki — wife of Tapio, the Goddess of the forest.
# Nyyrikki — god of the hunt
# Näkki — fearsome pool, well and bridgespirit
# Otso — the spirit of the bear (one of many circumlocutory epithets)
# Peikko — troll
# Pekko — (or Pellon Pekko) the god of crops, especially barley and brewing
# Perkele — the headpiru (later Devil) Originally Perkele was not the Devil but a god of thunder and can be seen as a earlier form of Ukko. Related to Baltic Perkunas and Germanic Thor
# Pellervo — (also "Sampsa Pellervoinen") the god of harvest
# Pihatonttu — tutelary of the yard
# Piru — demon
# Päivätär — the goddess of day
# Saunatonttu — tutelary of the Sauna
# Tapio — the god of the forest
# Tellervo —
# Tonttu — generally benign tutelary. Originally, a patron of cultivated land, keeper of lot. A phallic totem.
# Tuonetar, (Tuonen tytti) Daughter of god of Underworld
# Ukko — the god of the sky and thunder, related to Thor (Estonian Taara)
# Vellamo — wife of Ahti, goddess of the sea
# Väinämöinen — the wise man and magic musician



Epejumalat monet tesse
muinen palveltin caucan ja lesse.
Neite cumarsit Hemelaiset
seke Miehet ette Naiset.

Tapio Metzest Pydhyxet soi
ja Achti wedhest Caloja toi.
Äinemöinen wirdhet tacoi
Rachkoi Cuun mustaxi jacoi.

Lieckiö Rohot jwret ja puudh
hallitsi ja sencaltaiset mwdh.
Ilmarinen Rauhan ja ilman tei
ja Matkamiehet edheswei.

Turisas annoi Woiton Sodhast
Cratti murhen piti Tavarast.
Tontu Honen menon hallitzi
quin Piru monda willitzi.

Capeet mös heilde Cuun söit
Calevanpojat Nijttut ja mwdh löit.
Waan Carjalaisten Nämet olit
Epejumalat cuin he rucolit.

Rongoteus Ruista annoi
Pellonpecko Ohran casvon soi.
Wirancannos Cauran caitzi
mutoin oltin Caurast paitzi.

Egres hernet Pawudh Naurit loi
Caalit Linat ja Hamput edestoi.
Köndös Huchtat ja Pellot teki
quin heiden Epeuskons näki.

Ja quin Kevekylvö kylvettin
silloin ukon malja jootijn.
Sihen haetin ukon wacka
nin joopui Pica ette Acka.

Sijtte paljo Häpie sielle techtin
quin seke cwltin ette nechtin.
Quin Rauni Ukon Naini härsky
jalosti Ukoi pohjasti pärsky.

Se sis annoi Ilman ja WdhenTulon
käkri se liseis Carjan casvon.
Hiisi Metzeleist soi woiton
Wedhen Eme wei calat vercon.

Nyrckes Oravat annoi Metzast
Hittavanin toi Jenexet Pensast.
Eikö se Cansa wimmattu ole
joca neite wsko ja rucole.

Sihen Piru ja Sydi weti heite
Ette he cumarsit ja wskoit neite.
Cooludhen hautijn Rooca wietin
joissa walitin parghutin ja idketin.

Menningeiset mös heiden Wffrins sait
coska Lesket hoolit ja nait.
Palveltin mös paljo muuta
Kivet Cannot Tädhet ja Cwuta.

— Mikael Agricola, Psalttari (1551)

Pellonpekko
Monday, September 19th, 2005, 11:07 AM
* Pellonpekko — god of growing barley
# Ajattara — (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.

# Pekko — (or Pellon Pekko) the god of crops, especially barley and brewing
# Perkele — the headpiru (later Devil) Originally Perkele was not the Devil but a god of thunder and can be seen as a earlier form of Ukko. Related to Baltic Perkunas and Germanic Thor

;)

Nice stuff. Thank you Blutwölfin :)

Lissu
Monday, September 19th, 2005, 01:27 PM
Here's a humoristic website about Finnish gods:

http://www.godchecker.com/pantheon/finnish-mythology.php

Some Lappish mythology is icluded though.

Sigurd
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 02:50 AM
Interesting article, as I have to say. I always wondered what our drunken Suomi friends were believing in... :cool:

Interesting to find out some similarities to the Ęsir (well I guess Ukko/Perkele would have some association to Donar/Thunor/Thor; the moon gets eaten eventually...:scratch: )

Greets by the way to the Beer god and the evil forest spirit by the famed dragonslayer. :D

Skildur
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 02:52 AM
Interesting to find out some similarities to the Ęsir (well I guess Ukko/Perkele would have some association to Donar/Thunor/Thor; the moon gets eaten eventually...:scratch: )




As I understand Perkele is indeed realted in some way to germanic Thor and slavic Perun.

palesye
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 03:09 AM
As I understand Perkele is indeed realted in some way to germanic Thor and slavic Perun.

It's better to call Perun (or Perkunas) Balto-Slavic (or Slavo-Baltic?) God. ;)

Skildur
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 03:19 AM
It's better to call Perun (or Perkunas) Balto-Slavic (or Slavo-Baltic?) God. ;)

Don't really know. Perun is Slavic, Perkunas is Baltid. Same God but different names.

Sigurd
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 03:23 AM
Don't really know. Perun is Slavic, Perkunas is Baltid. Same God but different names.

So like:

Ošinn/Wodanaz/Wotan/Woden
Thorr/Thunor/Donar
Tyr/Tiw/Tiu/Tiwaz

all being names for one same god, but for different subchapters of the Germanic people?

Skildur
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 03:27 AM
So like:

Ošinn/Wodanaz/Wotan/Woden
Thorr/Thunor/Donar
Tyr/Tiw/Tiu/Tiwaz

all being names for one same god, but for different subchapters of the Germanic people?


Yes, I think. Perun and Perkunas are both Gods of thunder and share similiar features.

DreamWalker
Saturday, November 26th, 2005, 04:16 AM
Here's a humoristic website about Finnish gods:

# Ajattara — (sometimes Ajatar) an evil forest spirit.

I would never have guessed, you were such a sweet cute litle girl.:animal-sm ;)