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Black Sun
Saturday, March 19th, 2005, 04:20 AM
The oldest known observatory/tomb of its kind, built centuries before both the pyramids of Giza and Stonehenge. The inner passage and chamber would be illuminated by the Winter Solstice sunrise. Located in Newgrange, Ireland, built around 3200 BC. Thought it would be a significant post in relation to the Sky Disc of Nebra, since they are much in connection with early European astronomy.

http://www.knowth.com/

http://www.knowth.com/newgrange.htm

Stig NHF
Saturday, March 19th, 2005, 07:55 AM
Very nice. Its damn impressive.

Black Sun
Sunday, March 20th, 2005, 03:43 AM
In addition to this, there were four golden cone hats from the Bronze Age were discovered several years ago in Germany, Switzerland, and France. They show sophisticated development and have intricate patterns on them. If they were worn, it was most likely for ceremony by "priest-kings" or a higher caste who had an obvious knowledge of ancient astronomy (reminds me of ancient brahmins or druids). The symbols decorating the hat's surface calculate the movements of the sun and moon, etc etc.

http://portal.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=/news/2002/03/17/wwiz17.xml&sSheet=/news/2002/03/17/ixworld.html

Mysterious gold cones 'hats of ancient wizards'
By Tony Paterson in Berlin
(Filed: 17/03/2002)

WIZARDS really did wear tall pointed hats - but not the crumpled cloth kind donned by such fictional characters as Harry Potter, Gandalf and Merlin.

The wizards of early Europe wore hats of gold intricately embellished with astrological symbols that helped them to predict the movement of the sun and stars.


This is the conclusion of German archaeologists and historians who claim to have solved the mystery behind a series of strange yet beautiful golden cone-shaped objects discovered at Bronze Age sites across Europe.

Four of the elaborately decorated cones have been uncovered at sites in Switzerland, Germany and France over the past 167 years. Their original purpose has baffled archaeologists for decades.

Some concluded that they were parts of Bronze Age suits of armour; others assumed that they served as ceremonial vases.

A third theory, which had gained widespread acceptance until now, was that the cones functioned as decorative caps that were placed on top of wooden stakes that surrounded Bronze Age sites of worship.

Historians at Berlin's Museum for Pre- and Early History, however, claim to have established with near certainty that the mysterious cones were originally worn as ceremonial hats by Bronze Age oracles.

Such figures, referred to as "king-priests", were held to have supernatural powers because of their ability to predict accurately the correct time for sowing, planting and harvesting crops.

"They would have been regarded as Lords of Time who had access to a divine knowledge that enabled them to look into the future," said Wilfried Menghin, the director of the Berlin Museum which has been carrying out detailed research on a 3,000-year-old 30in high Bronze Age cone of beaten gold that was discovered in Switzerland in 1995 and purchased by the museum the following year.

Mr Menghin and his researchers discovered that the 1,739 sun and half-moon symbols decorating the Berlin cone's surface make up a scientific code which corresponds almost exactly to the "Metonic cycle" discovered by the Greek astronomer Meton in 432bc - about 500 years after the cone was made - which explains the relationship between moon and sun years.

"The symbols on the hat are a logarithmic table which enables the movements of the sun and the moon to be calculated in advance," Mr Menghin said. "They suggest that Bronze Age man would have been able to make long-term, empirical astrological observations," he added.

The findings radically alter the standard image of the European Bronze Age as an era in which a society of primitive farmers lived in smoke-filled wooden huts eking out an existence from the land with the most basic of tools.

"Our findings suggest that the Bronze Age was a far more sophisticated period in Europe than has hitherto been thought," Mr Menghin said.

Another cone, found near the German town of Schifferstadt in 1835, had a chin strap attached to it. The cone, which is also studded with sun and moon symbols, is the earliest example found and dates back to 1,300bc.

Other German archaeologists have suggested that the gold-hatted king-priests were to be found across much of prehistoric Europe. Prof Sabine Gerloff, a German archaeologist from Erlangen University, has found evidence that five similar golden cones were exhumed by peat diggers in Ireland during the 17th and 18th centuries.

These objects, described at the time as "vases", have disappeared. Prof Gerloff says, however, that her research suggests almost conclusively that they were hats worn by Bronze Age king-priests.

She is also convinced that a Bronze Age cape of beaten gold - the "Gold Cape of Mold" discovered in Wales in 1831 - was part of a king-priest's ceremonial dress.

Prof Gerloff has used computers to create an impression of a Bronze Age oracle wearing a golden hat and with an elaborately decorated golden cape wrapped tightly around the shoulders.


http://www.geocities.com/reginheim/bronzeage.html

(excerpt)

"Although not much is known about the religion of the Bronze Age it is still possible to learn from archeological evidence (offerings, rock carvings, etc.) and the religion of the succeeding cultures.
It can be said with certainty that sun worship played an important role in the religion of the Nordic Bronze Age people and in Trundholm (Denmark) a beautiful wagon carrying a sundisk was found with a miniature horse in front of it, which reminds of the Germanic belief that the sun and the moon were carried across the sky by horse-pulled chariots.
Besides this sundisks the people also made golden sunships, which reflects an alternative belief about the sun being carried by a ship, such a sunship is believed to be depicted on the stardisk of Nebra (Germany), it is also possible that the worship of the Germanic sungod Balder dates from this time but this is mere speculation of course, as is the theory that the wargod Tiwaz was adopted from the Indo-European pantheon during this period.
Rock carvings from the Bronze Age also show sundisks, ships, and depictions of what are believed to be gods, some of them are depicted with a spear (Wodan?) and others carry something that looks like an axe or a hammer (Thunar?).
Ships were also important to the Bronze Age people and they are often depicted on rocks and objects, symbols like the sunwheel (circle with cross in it) were also used and seem to have been associated with wagonwheels and the sun."

further links:

http://www.thetruthseeker.co.uk/print.asp?ID=1263 (this one is amusing)

http://www.thefab.net/topics/culture_history/hg06_german-stonehenge_02.htm

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/main.jhtml?xml=%2Fnews%2F2002%2F10%2F06% 2Fwdisc06.xml

http://www.margaret-marks.com/Transblawg/archives/000322.html

Much of these further links also associate it with the sky disc of Nebra, having to do with astronomical observation. I feel all of these sites and artifacts are in absolute connection through our ancient Indo-European spirituality, as well as our affinity and fascination with the cosmos. Also there was a burial excavated near Stonehenge not long ago and anthropologists confirmed the individual came from central Europe, probably Germany or Austria, so these were in no way isolated beliefs and practices. Stonehenge and Newgrange in Ireland are extremely similar through their alignment and observation of the Winter Solstice, just as the Nebra Disc and the symbols on these golden cones represent the movements and cycles of celestial bodies. Anyways, thought some would find it interesting.

Wulf
Friday, March 25th, 2005, 08:18 AM
I've been to Newgrange, supposedly it was built for the Irish God Dagda.