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friedrich braun
Wednesday, October 27th, 2004, 02:34 PM
Scientists are about to develop biological weapons based on the genetic composition of various ethnic groups...but race does not exist...you see?

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Scientists warn of 'ethnic weapons'
By Leigh Dayton
27oct04

BIOLOGICAL weapons that target selected ethnic groups could become part of the terrorists' arsenal unless governments and scientists act now, the British Medical Association warns.

Such designer weapons would be based on the growing ability of scientists to unravel and compare human DNA.

In theory, experts could engineer organisms to attack genetic variations commonly found in, say, Chinese or German populations.

Genetically engineered anthrax, smallpox and polio viruses are also "approaching reality", the BMA claims in a new report, Biotechnology, Weapons and Humanity II.

The report, released yesterday in London, adds that organisms designed to attack food crops and even human immune and nervous systems are serious threats.

For instance, the agent used by Russian authorities to end the Moscow theatre hostage crisis in 2002, a fentanyl derivative, is an example of a "bio-regulator" targeted against the human nervous system.

"All of the above are feasible or possible if anyone would be mad enough or evil enough to do it," commented University of Melbourne immunologist Sir Gus Nossal.

"There already exist potential biological weapons of enormous destructive power, chief among them smallpox and anthrax," added Professor Emeritus Nossal, who in 1979 announced the eradication of smallpox on behalf of the World Health Organisation.

He agreed with BMA head of science and ethics Vivienne Nathanson that, "If we wait too long it will be virtually impossible to defend ourselves (against biological weapons)".

According to the BMA report the "window of opportunity" to control the spread of powerful biological weapons is shrinking fast.

That's so, said the report's author, Malcolm Dando of Britain's Bradford University, because "the same technology being used to develop new vaccines and find cure's for Alzheimer's and other debilitating diseases could also be used for malign purposes".

Professor Dando said it was essential that governments worldwide beef up the international Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention when it comes up for review in 2006.

The BTWC prohibits signatory states from acquiring biological weapons and means of delivery them.

But eminent Australian microbiologist Frank Fenner questioned the effectiveness of the BMA recommendations.

"It's all very well to say governments ought to adhere to these suggestions, but they didn't adhere to them before and even now the US Government says it's not going to take any notice of the (BTWC)," he said.

According to Emeritus Professor Fenner -- who was central to the development of myxoma virus to control rabbits, as well as the WHO smallpox eradication campaign -- public health strategies designed to respond to biological weapons such as smallpox are more likely to be effective.

In Canberra, a spokesman for the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade said Australia signed the BWTC in 1972 and ratified it in 1977.
© The Australian
http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/printpage/0,5942,11197760,00.html

Loki
Wednesday, October 27th, 2004, 03:42 PM
BIOLOGICAL weapons that target selected ethnic groups could become part of the terrorists' arsenal unless governments and scientists act now, the British Medical Association warns.

Such designer weapons would be based on the growing ability of scientists to unravel and compare human DNA.

In theory, experts could engineer organisms to attack genetic variations commonly found in, say, Chinese or German populations.

LOL! This is just the article I wanted to see. Here is a lovely contradiction in today's The Times. :rotfl:

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,2-1330502,00.html



October 27, 2004

Gene tests prove that we are all the same under the skin

By Mark Henderson

Racists' central argument and theories linking intelligence to ethnic origin have been destroyed

http://images.thetimes.co.uk/images/trans.gifTHE popular notion that skin colour can indicate physical or mental differences between groups of people has been demolished by a new analysis of the human genome, which declares race to be a biologically meaningless concept.

Every human being shares more than 99.9 per cent of their DNA with everybody else, and the tiny variations that remain differ more within ethnic groups than between them, a major review of the evidence says.

NI_MPU('middle');It is impossible to look at people’s genetic code and deduce whether they are black, Caucasian or Asian, and there is no human population that fits the biological definition of a race, the study found.

Ethnicity is almost entirely socially and culturally constructed, and even the trait used most commonly to define it — skin colour — varies widely among people of similar ancestry.

The findings destroy the central argument of white supremacists and other racist groups, and refute controversial theories that attempt to link intelligence or criminality to ethnic origin.

Standard concepts of race, indeed, are so misleading that they are undermining efforts to untangle the true contribution that genetics make to individuality, and ought to be abandoned by science, the researchers said.

In medicine, for example, race is often used to predict whether patients will respond to particular drugs. While this can be true on average, it leads to generalisations that deny useful medicines to millions who do not meet ethnic stereotypes.

The results have emerged from a comprehensive survey of the science of human variation published today in a special issue of the prestigious journal Nature Genetics.

The research was organised by Howard University in Washington DC, a historically black college where most of the students and academics are African-American, and other contributors included Francis Collins, a leading architect of the Human Genome Project.

Charmaine Royal and Georgia Dunston of Howard University, who led the study, said that the mapping of the human genetic code had forced a “paradigm shift” on the science of race, in which old concepts and definitions were no longer up to the job.

“Existing biological models or paradigms of ‘racial’ and ‘ethnic’ categorisations cannot accommodate the uniqueness of the individual and universality of humankind that is evident in new knowledge emerging from human genome sequence variation research,” they said.

“The term ‘race’, as applied to humans, is incorrectly used. Traditional ‘racial’ designations in humans are not bounded, discrete categories but are fluid, socially defined constructs.”

The human genome map has shown that if two people of any ethnic origin are selected at random, only between 1 in 1,000 and 1 in 1,500 of their genes will differ. This makes our species among the most homogeneous known to science: populations of chimpanzees and fruit flies differ much more from one another in genetic terms. A typical Caucasian’s genes will be as similar — and as different — to those of another Caucasian as they will be to a black African or a Chinese person. About 90 per cent of genetic variation occurs within ethnic groups, rather than between them. Two Africans, though both superficially “black”, will differ more from one another than from other races. This reflects the course of evolution. Most scientists now accept that Homo sapiens emerged first in Africa, before a small group, perhaps numbering just a couple of hundred people, left about 40,000 years ago and spread through the rest of the world.

friedrich braun
Wednesday, October 27th, 2004, 04:04 PM
Every human being shares more than 99.9 per cent of their DNA with everybody else, and the tiny variations that remain differ more within ethnic groups than between them, a major review of the evidence says.

Same old, same old politically motivated garbage.

The above statement has been refuted time and time again, yet the same lies are constantly recycled. I'm always reminded of what Charles Murray (co-author of The Bell Curve) said: "on the issue of race science is corrupt."

http://www.forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=4451

Loki
Wednesday, October 27th, 2004, 04:14 PM
Every human being shares more than 99.9 per cent of their DNA with everybody else, and the tiny variations that remain differ more within ethnic groups than between them, a major review of the evidence says.

Same old, same old politically motivated garbage.

The above statement has been refuted time and time again, yet the same lies are constantly recycled. I'm always reminded of what Charles Murray (co-author of The Bell Curve) said: "on the issue of race science is corrupt."

http://www.forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=4451
Watch the index page... I am going to make some fun out of that... ;)