PDA

View Full Version : The Road To War



cosmocreator
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 12:52 PM
THE ROAD TO WAR

In the year 1918 when Germany accepted the armistice, the Polish Chouvenist and former meber of Duma Roman Dmowski and Paderewski had allready made their Plans, of which german Provinces they would like to anex, and sent a memomrandum to Wilson (8th October 1918). They declare that West-, Estprussia, Posen and Silesia are polish territorys and gave wrong numbers to make it look like, the majorety was polish.
They claimed that in Eastprussia there was a population of 1,5 Million (actually 2,5!), Danzig was to 50 % polish (99,8% German) and that in Silesia 90 % of the population are Poles.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/Poland1.JPG
This Map was Printed in the Newspaper „Dziennik Poznanski" on 26th June 1939. We willhear of this later in the following Posts on this Subject.
It states the „Historic Borders" of Poland. One can see that Hamburg, Kiel, Erfurt, Braunschweig, Dresden, Berlin, Rostock ect are all Polish and even the Czechs (Prague and Brünn) belong to them

Thus, according to the Versailles Dictate, a corridor was drawn between Eastprussia and Germany, Giving Westprussia, Province of Posen and a edge of Silesia to Poland. Danzig was declared to a „Free City" and put under commisary rule of the „League of Nations"

After Poland constituted itself as State and formed a Goverment, it built 2 Concentration Camps in the district of Posen. The Camp Szcypiorno in the year 1918 and Stralkow 1919. In these camps over 16.000 Germans were held captive and mistreated.

The only reason they were able to get Posen from the Allies was, that they militarely occupied it, before the conferance even decide on the subject.

§88 of the Versailles Dictate demanded, that in Upper Silesia plebescites had to take place to decide, if the population wants to belong to Germany or Poland.
The Poles (well armed by the French) started to terrorize the Population in Upper-Silesia by sending armed groups across the border, which were organised by the chauvenistic polish Imperialist Wojciech Korfanty (I might add, he was member of Reichstag as speaker of the polish minoretys in Imperial Germany. He died 17th August 1939 in Prison because of fraud delicts. 1922-1923 he was polish PM)

Korfanty led the 3 major "insurrections" in Silesia (17th August 1918, 19/20.August 1920 and 3rd May 1921)

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/Poland3.JPG
British Captain Riddle (left) and Italian Lt. De Martino (right) found the three by Poles mutilated Bodys of the Germans Stock, von Bracken, Skriba near the town of Malapana. They were probably the Victims of the Korfanty-Bandits or the Bojowka Polska.

Allthough great terror and pressure was practiced from the polish side, 60% of the Population voted for Germany. During the Plebescite, the Poles had allready statione irregular troops along the border, to intervene, if the ellection did not bring their wished results. The Bojowka Polska was founded, a Terrororganisation consisting of 20 - 30 Groups of 5 - 7 Men squads, which were armed by the French, to liquidate and murder important silesian Representatives, Police Officials ect.

The Inter-Allied commision who led the plebescite now had to decide what should happen. Percival (UK) and De Marinis (Italy) wanted to respect the will of the majorety, Le Ronde (France) favoured Korfanti who wanted entire Silesia and its Industrial regions. The French simply abandoned their Weapon-Depots which was an open invitation to the Korfanti-Units to arm themselves. In Kattowitz the Korfantis took control over the Railway system, locked up all German Railwaypersonell, and grabed the weapons out of the French depot. The Italians were not able to resist, because they were outnumbered. Col. Crayton managed to chase 2 Bandits away with his Horsewhip, which tried to steal 2 MGs.
Since the English Military saw, that the situation was escaleting and the Germans had nothing to defend themselves with (Police and Rual-Guards were disarmed according to Versailles), they gave orders not to intervene, if Germans try to arm themselves.

I dont want to go into to many Details of the Battles. The polish tried to conquer Silesia and were repelled by German Freekorps consisting out of Men from across Germany and Austria.

The French tried to pressure England to support their views. Lloyd George refused: "The Polish insurrection is a crime against the Versailles Treaty, which gave Poland it Freedom. Poland is the last land, that can complaint about this treaty, since it was incapable of securing ist own freedom out of ist own strength"

some quotes:

"The Battle between Poles and Germans is inevetible. We must systematicly prepare ourselves for this War. Our Ideal is a Poland in the West with the Oder and Neisse as Border. The World will tremble from the German-polish War. We have to spread the spirit of mercyless Revenge and Cruelty into the rows of our soldiers."
Polish Newspaper "The League for Superpower" 3rd October 1930


The greatest political and economical absurdety which can be found in recent history, is the polish Korridor.. One thing is certain in America and Europe, the entire World, that a revision of this situation is neccessary and that only a hatefull, from France comming Spirit this prevents..... And so the consequenses of Occupation, Cruelty and total arbitrariness will not only ruin German economy, but destroy the selfesteem and any hope of their people in a brighter future. They will be either driven to Militarism or Revolution, i. e. to two extremes of dispair which will be the ruin of Europe, and will let Germany fall into a dark abscyss, this Germany, which is such a wondefull masterpiece and home of many geniouses and great Spirits." 1924
Italian Ministerpresident Francesco Nitti in "The downfall of Europe"


I am convinced, that the irrational enlargement of Poland not only topples the verdict of History, but is making a cardinal political Mistake, which will one day fall back on us. I think the main mistakes of the Treaty are the long endurance of the Rhineland occupation and the enlargement of Poland, which we didnt even consider during the War. These 2 mistakes are the main dangers for the future peace in Europe, and I strongly recomend, that we do everything in our power to eliminate them, before it is to late.
South African PM General Smuts in a letter to Lloyd George 1919



The division of Germany in two different sized halves, just for the mere purpouse to give Poland a coastline and exit to the sea, is the worst act of robbery, which a Peace Conferance ever committed. The Existance of the Korridor is a Provokation of Germany and a Danger for Poland."
Lord Rothermere in Daily Mail, November 1930


I can hardly imagine a more dangerous source for a future War, than sourounding the Germans - which have prooven to be one of the strongest and mightyest Races in the World - with a ring of small states, which each encloses a large amount of Germans who are being denied the right to reunify with their Homeland. The Suggestion of the Polish Commision, to place 2,5 Million Germans under the control of a Nation, which has proven in its History, that is incapable to govern itself, must lead in my Opinion sooner or later to a new War in Eastern Europe."
David Lloyd George, Memmorandum to the Versailles Conference 26th March 1919

cosmocreator
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 12:56 PM
The Road to War. PART 2

The Terror against all ethnic groups in Poland (Germans, Ukrainians, Bjelorussians, Jews) should continue throughout the 20ys and 30ys.

Alone in the Years 1919 to 1921 400.000 Germans were forced by terror to leave their homes and flee across the borders.
In the district of West-Prussia and Posen existed in the Year 1919 over 2000 German Public Schools. In the year 1924 only 557, 1934 152 remained. In the year 1937 alone in one Month 10 german public schools were closed. German Parents were forced to send their children to polish schools or harrased to leave the country.
German Teachers had to get the "loyalty Degree" to be allowed to teach on schools. Stating that one considered himself as of German Origin, was enough reason to be denied of this "Degree" and thus unable to teach.

1931 the Warsawer „Researchinstitute for nationalety-Questions" proudly announces in a report, that allready up to 1 Million Germans left the country.

" It might seem boring, to list evry single terroract, every report would be extremly long in Detail. But certain facts simply can not stay unmentioned, the civilised World has to hear them. Ist about the terribe and inhuman Barbarism in polish Prisons."
Manchester Guardian from 12th December 1931: Headline: >Oppression of Ukrainians, Methods of Middle Ages revived by Poles. From our Special Correspondant, Lemberg<"

"The Minoretys in Poland must be liquidated. Its the polish policy which makes sure, that they not only disapear on paper. This Policy is recklessly drive forward without the slightest concern about World Public Opinion, international agreements or the League of Nations. The Ukraine has become under polish Rule a true hellhole. One can say the same for White-Russia even more. The aim of the polish policy is the liquidation of all national minoretys, not only on paper but also in realety."
>manchaster Guardian" 14th December 1931, Special Report from Warsaw.<


THE DIPLOMATIC FRONT: Danzig

German/Polish Relations up to 1939: The Western Powers, mainly France, were hopeing to find a status quo to cement the situation on the East borders and get somthing like a Locarno Treaty, for the east, which would make Germany finaly accept the Borders in the East as they were created by Versailles. But not even the weak Weimar Republic wanted or dared to accept such a notion. Stresemann (a apeaser) was not even willing to discuss this matter.

1933 when NS came to Power the Poles wer willing to lead a „preemtive War" and allready made Plans for this action. But France was not ready and did not want to apear as aggressor in public Opinion, since Germany at that time behaved very calm and did not want to arouse ist neighbours.
1934 Hitler initiated a Non-agression Pact between Poland(Marshal Pilsudski) and Germany. This was not only a tacticall maneuver to apease the Poles for the momment, but he was also hoping to get them into a alliance in the long run against Soviet-Russia.
On 23rd May 1935 (after Pilsudskis death) he conferated with polish foreign Minister Beck and made consessions about the East Borders to come to a final settlement.

A Plebescite in the Korridor should take place under international observation. If this would fall out in favour of Poland, he was willing to renounce Posen and West-Prussia, letting Germany get a Exterritorial Highway and Railway through the corridor, Danzig was to completely return to the Reich. If the Votes were for Germany, then Poland would get a exterritorial passage to a Port. This was to be combined with a friendship and military treaty, which would make Poland and Germany to Allies (directed against Soviets).

The Poles were not willing to come to a agreement with Germany. Supression of the Germans continued and in the year 1936 when Germany reoccupied the Rhineland, were willing and prepared to joint France in Military actions against Germany.

In the Year 1938 as sudetenland came back home, Poland occupied Parts of Czechia where small polish minoretys lived (Olsa-Region). Those also had completely German enclaves, which were imediatly terrorised. Up to 5th November 1938 allready 5000 Germans fled across the border and were sheltered in refugee-camps.

On 24th October 1938 meeting Ribbentrop/Beck again trying to get a settlement with Poland (as mentioned above). 5th January 1939 Beck meets with Hitler. Same situation. 26th Jannuary 1939 Ribbentrop visits Warsaw and consults with Beck. This time Germany renounces ist wish on a military partnership. At all these Negotiations Germany just is concerned on the Danzig and Korridor-matter. Posen and Upper-Silesia are of no concern. Thus Hitler renounces territory not even Weimar was willing to give up. (I personaly find this outragous! I wouldnt have given up one grain to those ..... grrrrrr!)

On 21st March Hitler offers Poland through Ribbentrop a 25 year non-aggression treaty and a guarantee of the Polish Borders, just Danzig has to return! On 26th March 1939 Poland rejects this offer in a very violant manner and answers, if Germany continues to persists on Danzig, this would mean War!

After on 31st March the British Guarantee arrived in Warsaw, it was for Hitler clear that Poland can no longer be convinced into Partnership.

On 4th May 1939 Ambasodor Henderson sends a letter to Secretary of State Lord Halifax:


Though the signs point to aperiod of lull, provided no grave incident unexpectedly intervenes, I am filled with the gloomiest forebodings for the future and am far more apprehensive of war than I ever was last september.
Once again the German case on the immediate Issue is very far from eing either unjustefifiable or immoral. If a impartial Martian were to act as arbitrator I cannot believe that he would give judgement otherwise than more or less in accordance with Hitlers offer. Did he count on it being refused?
My thesis has always been that Germany cannot revert to normalety which, under pressure of public opinion, she might as well yet do, untill her legitimate (in German eyes) aspirations have been satisfied. The Danzi-Corridor question was, with Memel, one of these (see my despatch No.315 of March 9th).
It must be born in mind that Danzig and the Corridor was THE big question prior to 1933. One of the most unpopular actions which Hitler ever did was his 1934 Treaty with Pilsudski. He had the whole of his Party against him. Today all the most moderate Germans, who are opposed to a world war, are behind him in his present offer to Poland. It is only the extremists (who want much more, i.e. the whole Corridor and Posen and Silesia ect.) who will rejoice if the Poles are uncompromising. The Poles are thus merely playing the extremist game for them. According to my Belgian colleague, practically all the diplomatic representetives her regard the German offer in itself as a surprisingly favourable one. The dutch Minister, the United States Charge d’Affairs and my South African collegue have themselves spoken to me in that sense. I consewuently ask myself wether, if we are going to fight Germany, is it well advised to do so on a ground on which the world will not be united as to the immoralety of Germanys case? Will even our Empire be united?......
Even so I am appaled at the thought of Danzig being even the ostensible cause, and I am even more appaled at our fate being in the hands of the Poles. Heroic no doubt but foolhardy and ask anyone who knows them wether they can be trusted.
Did Beck even play fair in London over the German offer. Ribbentrop asked me yesterday wether Beck had informed His Majestys Govt. When he was in London of the German offer. I was oblidged to say that I honestly did not know:to which Ribbentrop replied that his information from London was to the effect that he did not.
One thing we must realise is that though a general War is of course still utterly unpopulare here, the nation will be much more united in support of Hitler than it would have been last September - before our advances to Russia and the encirclement cry. On the polish issue itself it will be far more enthusiastic than over Sudeten or even the Czechs.........
We stepped into the Polish breach and gave our guarantee unconditionaly and I rack my brains as to how we are going to find a satisfactory issue out of our present eastern obligations. I suppose it is to optimistic to hope that some form of arbitration could be found for a settlement of the Danzig and Corridor Issues.
The German ppl is sick of adventures but Poland and the corridor with the spectre of „enciclement" and „Soviet Russia" in the Background is a battle cry which would more likely than any other to rally the whole nation. ...

On 5th Mai the Foreign Office sends a Memorandum to Henderson (Brit Ambassador in Berlin), which clearafies the historic Situation of Danzig from their point of view. In it they claim for example, that the Province of Pommern (Pomorez) is over 90% Polish :rolleyes: and that their claim on the korridor can not be denied. (That is the view of the biased, Anti-German clique in the Foreign Office of ppl like Vansittard, Eden ect.)

On 12th May Henderson answers his critique on the memorandum:


My dear Strang.
Many thanks for the Foreign Office memorandum of may 5th on the Danzig Question.
Unpopular though it may be to say so, the „present position" portion (§ 15 to 22) does not strike me as a strictly impartial statement of the problem between Germany and Poland. The Polish case is set out at some length, but the German case is somewhat summarily dismissed in § 22 on the basis mostly of suppositions as to what her ulterior aims are.
It is true unfortunately that thos suppositions are likely to be entirely correct, particularly if the past is any guide to the future. Nevertheless, as you know, Germany has a case on ist own merits ans I should have thought that it would have been fairer to state it, particularly if the memorandum is intended as a cabinetpaper. If it is desired to dispose of it, is it not wisest to put a case at ist strongest, rather than at ist weakest?
Danzig is a purely German city and, quite apart from ultirior and sinister motives, it is a fact that even the most pacific of Germans should desire ist return to the Reich. I doubt if at any time during the past year and a half Hitler has had his people so much at the back of him as he has over this polish question. If Berlin had a Place de la Concorde, the statue of Danzig would be no less veiled in crepe than Strasbourg was for fifty years.
It is the same with the corridor. It would be galling for any ntion to be cut off from a part of ist possessions by a strip of territory belonging to some other Power.
Those two issues are at least as plain as the hypothetical ambitions quoted in §22 It is sad that it should be so, but there they are and as such they have to be faced. The question therfore to my mind is how far these natural aspirations, which date from long before Hitlers time or his expansionist dreams, can be satesfied without predjudicing legitimate strategic and economical or psychological apprehensions of the Poles. .........
As the foreign office memorandum observes, Danzig is virtually already a microcosm of the Reich. In any case it is not Polish and ist actual incorporation as a Free City (as offered by Hitler) in the Reich would make little difference..........

In the mean time, the Poles are being more and more stuborn and aggressive and are allready talking about the decisive Battle at the Gates of Berlin.

On July 2nd 1939 Archbishop of Westminster , Cardinal Hinsley sends following Letter to the foreign office/Lord Halifax:


Dear Lord Halifax,
For your information and without comment I send You a large map and a postcard which I have been brought from Poland lately. They are stated to have a large circulation in that country. From the letter I have received which I enclose here with, the purpose of these maps is to support propaganda offensive actions against the Reich. This information will, no doubt, be in possession of the Foreign Office already, but in any case I consider that my duty requires me to submit the matter to your judgement.

The secretary of Cardinal Hinsley to Lord Halifax 3rd July 1939:



Dear Lord Halifax
His Eminence Cardinal Hinsley instructs me to send you the enclosed map which was sent to him with the memorandum attached, and also the letter and cutting sent to me, both being from Mr. John Ward Harmshaw. Refering to his letter to your Lordship of yesterdays date, His Eminence submits for your information about spirits of aggression among a large body of Poles.
The Cardinal wishes to observe that though we all desire peace this can be secured only by our people being informed of the full truth on which depends justice. His Eminence feels that there would seen to be a danger of Poland relying on the British and French guarantee in order to enlarge her claims beyond what is right or reasonable. His eminence tells me to say that he does not desire a reply tho his or this letter of yesterday unless your Lordship thinks that could be of any service to aid in the cause of peace."

As far as I know, these Polish Maps and asspirations were never printed in British Papers to inform the Public of the Situation. There was also no pressure by the foreign Office on the Poles, to prevent such aggitation or to stop the terror against ist minoretys.

cosmocreator
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 01:14 PM
THE ROAD TO WAR, Part 3

Did the Foreign Office know of the Situation inside Polands?
In June 1939 Mr. Strang, head of the Central-european-department of the Foreign Office (FO) and Mr. Gladwyn Jebb, Secretary of Mr. Cdogan went on a information mission to Warsaw.
There the Poles state their stuborn demands as usual and give a fully false impression of the actuall situation and their power. Cadogan writes to the foreign office:

It also shows - what we have heard from other sources - that in certain circles in Poland there is rather light hearted confidence (or light-headed confidence). I hope that may not be dangerous.

And after talking with the head of the economic-department of polish Foreign ministry Wszelaki:
Wzelaki indeed went so far as to say that, if war broke out, hee feels that a terrible massacre of German peasents might be difficult to prevent.

The Poles clearly state, that if Danzig would return to the Reich, this would be the end of the Polish Independence (?) and that they would never tolerate a German military presence or a economic union of Danzig with Germany. The FO took it as it is, without reply. Thus was the return of Danzig on the way of negotiations practicly allready impossible.
They were further informed with false "statistics" about east-prussia, that ist population is decreassing and that 50% of them are Poles anyway and that this matter will one day have to be solved in a for Poland favourable way. For the first time in a FO document the Words apear:

That in any case population Transfers could be arranged. Jebb then trys to play this down and explains, that this is "just a phantastic dream of the Poles" which "spooks around in their heads" (6 years later this "dream" became true with the help of the Western Allies and the "Transfer" was launched!

On 24th March 1939 UK-Ambasaddor in Warsaw Kennard writes to Cadogan/FO about riots against German Minoretys in Bromberg and other major polish citys:
The students Revolts were followed remarkably by anti-German demonstrations in all the principal Polish cities......unrepeatable insults were hurled at the German Reich and their Leader."

On 11th April the General-Consul of UK in Danzig reported to the FO: Following the recent Polish persecutions of German residents in the Corridor there has been extensive flight of these Resident during Easter weekend to Danzig and Germany. (PRO FO 371/23016)

Kennard reports further where minorety institutions have outgrown in size and function what the need of the minorety seem to justify, they will take advantage of any irregulareties to take action against them....... on these grounds a regular campaign has been conducted against the institutions of German minoretys.

Now Mr. Kennard belongs to the inner Circle of the FO of Halifax, Vansitard ect. And is extremly Poland-Friendly. Thus it is no wonder that in the End the Germans are foult, when he closes with so far Danzig is concerned it is the Nazis who are the oppressors and the aggressors.
What was their "aggression"? Head of Senate Greiser and Gauleiter Forster demanded in passionate Speeches the return of Danzig to Germany!

At about the same time Nevile Henderson writes a very fair report on the matters of German being surpressed in a memorandum on 31st July. He reports that the German Press does not put these reports on front Page, and thus keeps public opinion calm, to leave possebilitys for further negotiations open.

Tennsions Intensefy: The Polish ultimatum from 4th August 1939

On 3rd June SenatePresident Greiser wrote in a Note to the polish Generalkommisar Chodaki, that the constant raise of poliish duty-officials is unacceptable, since they started out with 6 and are now allready over 100. They are also being armed and going on Patrol outside of their official office.
He demanded that they stay at the working place and be reduced. UK-envoy Shepard reports to the FO that they are patrouling the countryside "so that their practical value is doubtfull"

In a answer to this note from 10th June the Poles reject the demands and claim, that the number of duty-officials is still to small and that they are even considering to increase them. This will be more likely, if - as planed - the german officials of Danzig pledge their oath of loyalty to the Reich, since then their unbiasedness can not be guarateed anymore.
Poland then declares, that from 1stAugust their officials will no longer control the Danzig margerine Factory "Aamada Unida" and thus the export into Poland will be stoped, also for the Fish-company "Amada".
The Senate responds angry, and Shepherd must say which was in terms so strong as to be rude
The Senate accuses the polish inspectors of Espionage and demands that they are confined to their Bureaus and Offices of Work. The German Newspaper in Danzig then states, "If Export to Poland is not possible anymore, then Danzig is forced to open ist Borders to Germany and redirect ist economy towards it". This would have practicly meant, that Danzig would have been in a customs/trade Union with Germany.

Poland then declares, that all their Inspectors will keep on going on Patrol and they all will be armed.
Greiser answered in a Note, this will not be the case, because Danzig will prohibit all polish duty-officials and expell them from Danzig territory.

On 4th August Poland sent a Ultimatum to Danzig declaring, that if the polish officials are not allowed to go on duty again until 5th August 8 pm, Poland will imeadiatly take actions of retaliation against the city. Polish officals had the instructions to go on patrol armed and that if anyone tries to hold them up from doing their duty, they are to use their weapons.

UK.Ambasador Kennard asked Foreignminister Beck how the polish Govt. Would have reacted, if the answer from Danzig would not have been sufficient. He said, that Poland would have seen in this a first step of reunification and would have been answered with economic sanctions, and if these were insufficient, they also considered military actions.
Europe already stood on 4th August at the brink of a Polish-German War.

Allthough Hitler gave strict orders for deescalation to Forster, Forster ignored it and did not pass this directive on to Senates-President Greiser. Greiser later said to High Kommisioner Burkhard if he had know the orders, he would have never sent those harsh notes to the Poles.
A Press War began. The Polish Paper "Czas" wrote, that if Danzig thinks it can compromise Poland, then they will get the answer through polish Kanons.
Henderson writes to the FO that this language of the Poles, irritated the german public extremly and that all cautions for the press have been lifted and strong Words are put as Headlines in all Papers.

The Danzig Senate drew its Orders back.
The polish Press, specialy the Paper "Czas" triumphed and started to mock Hitler and Germany. Also French and other Western papers stated, that Germany was just a "Paper Tiger" and that Hitler lost his nerves. The Pages were full of the "Danzig Climbdown".

The Press claims I lost my nerves, that threats are the only right way to handle me, that we climbed down because the Poles stayed firm and that they showed True bravery. I read those idiotic articles in the french Press, that I lost my nerves but the Poles kept theirs." reports Commisar Burkhard, that Hitler said in a conference with him. He further states, this got Hitler so angry, that it was impossible for him to continue speaking for a momment.

On 9th August Baron von Weizsäcker called the polish representative Duke Lubomirski into the Foreign Ministry and gave him a Note, saying that such Ultimatums as that of 4th August is in no way productive and to come to friendly relations with Germany. The Reich wishes to express, that it would apreciate if Poland would restraint itself from such offensive language.

On 10th August the German Ambasedor in Warsaw Baron Wühlish was called into the polish Foreign Ministry by Mr. Arcizewski to "Receive a decleration from the Polish Goverment of very serious character."
The polish Govt. Can see no basis for Germany to intervene into Questions of Danzig and Poland. If in the future there is any exchange of opinions on the Isiue of Danzig between Poland and Germany, then only because Poland is willing to discuss this and shows its good will.
This decleration ended in the Warning: The polish Govt. will see any action of Danzig against the polish interests in the City as a danger to ist sovreignty and any support through Germany of Danzig as a act of Aggression against Poland.

That was to much. Even the very polish friendly Mr. Makins in the FO said, Poland reacted to irate and rash. To deny Hitler to speak for the rights of the Germans outside the borders and to make out of it a "casus belli" would be considered by any other statesman as confronting.

When Beck received the German Note from 9th August he smiled and said "Now it begins". He deliberatly wrote his reply so harsh. Lipski, who at that time was in Warsaw reports, that at Lunch with Arcizewski came to the same conclusion, that the answer is to insulting and "adamant" and they tried to influence him to change it. "We tried to reason with him" writes Lipski later, but he insisted that Arcizewski present the text as it was.

On 4th August (before Hitler knew about the Ultimatum) he talked with Kommisar Burkhard (Swiss High Kommisioner of League of Nations for Danzig)
"If the Poles leave Danzig alone and if they dont play with marked cards and try to betray us, then I can wait. But there has to be a final end to the suffering of our minoretys."

After the crisis of the Ultimatum was settled, Henderson wrote in deep concern to the FO that he is extremly worried about the Situation and that there have been no negotiations between the contrahendends since March. If the Poles keep up their negative policy agains Germany, he fears that there soon will be War.
He gets as answer, London is convinced, that they should restraint themselves from any consultations with Germany. Also the situation in England makes it currently impossible that Chamberlain can do anything for Peace, just as little as Mussolini.

What an answer! So they give Poland a guarantee blanco-cheque and then refuse to moderate the Poles in their actions against Germany!

In the cabinett-meeting from 26th August 1939 Henderson explained that the polish Abassador has not spoken with any German representative since 4 Months. He, Henderson, often tried to persuade Lipski to seek contact and get talking, but always got the answer, hes got nothing to say to them. In this situation consultations of the parties are essential and since Poland broke off all contact, it is upon them to pick it up again.

On 11th August Göring invited Lipski to a hunting trip, which was just another attempt to get back into discussions with them.

On 14th August Henderson told Lipski, that Baron von Weizsäcker told him, that he seemed to have lost all contact to him (quote: "Say, is the polish ambasedor still alive?"), Lipski answered, the German side always state some wishes or demands. If they want anything, he is open for talks on the basis of the polish terms, which they very well know.

That Hitler wanted to pick up the talks again also, Henerson reports to Halifax in a note from 23rd August. From Ciano (Italian Foreign Minister) Henderson hears, that Hitler stated that only through direct consultations the Problems can be solved. If the Poles do not show any signs of willingness, then he will be forced to take imediate action. This also Henderson reports to London.

Cadogan makes a note: "I have discussed the Berlin Telegramm with Mr.Strang and Mr. Matkins....We think, it is enough if we inform Mr. Beck about this information from Berlin. Beck must know himself what to make of it and how to react. To use to much pressure on him in this situation would only make him suspicious and worried. I think the news itself, and that we pass it on to him, can be considered as pressure enough. I dont think we should ad much argumentation."

Now imagine this. The Foreign Office gets notefied, that if the Poles do not send a negotiator to the Germans within a week, then Hitler will take imediate action. A War. One would think, that they do everything possible, to prevent this and get Beck to raise his arse and not play around, since they are oblidged to join the conflict.

In the mean time Lipski talked to Göring on the hunting trip (24th August) but without results. The Poles were not willing to back down from their demands.

On 29th August Henderson telegraphs Halifax: "Since my return the French, American and Italian representatives are waiting at my doorstep, but no sign of the polish ambasedor, allthough we understand each other very well. I think Poland is also oblidged to do his part to secure world peace, and also in its very own intrest, more than any other nation, to try to reduce tensione between itself and its mighty neighbours."

On 30th August the Poles ordered their General Mobilisation of the army.

On 31st August Henderson urges Lipski to telephone with his Minister, and to get the permission to meet with Ribbetrop to find out what the german suggestions are. Lipski promised it, but Henderson doubtet that he actually will.
In a „minute" from 31st august, Cadogan notes a Report from Wilsons to the PM of a dramatic telephone conversation in Berlin. Henderson, Sir Ogilvie-Forbes and Dahlerus (Görings envoy) visited the Polish ambassedor and wanted to give him the 16 German consultation points, which Lipski denied to even accept or hear.


No. 589 - Minute by Sir A.Cadogan (C 13161/15/18)

Foreign Office, August 31, 1939
Sir Hoarace Wilson reported to the Prime Minister and the Secretary of State this morning that M. Dahlerus had rung up No. 10 Downing Street and he answered him.
M. Dahlerus said that he had spent most of the night with Field-Marshal Göring. The German proposal had been formulated and were extremly liberal. Thes terms had been formulated in order to show how extremly anxious the Führer was to reach an agreement with Great Britain.
N. Dahlerus, who was telephoning from the Ambassedors room at the British Embassy proceeded to say that he, the Ambassedor and Sir George Ogivile-Forbes had been to see the Polish ambassador. He had communicated the German terms to the latter, who had replied that acceptance would be out of the question and that his Goverment would not give way. Sir Horace Wilson tried to prevent M. Dahlerus continuing in his strain on the telephone, it was quite obvious that the Germans were taking down the message. M. Dahlerus nevertheless proceeded to observe that it was clear to „us" that the Poles were obstructing possibilities of negotiations. Sir Horace Wilson attempted again to moderate M. Dahlerus, but the latte continued to the effect people round Herr Hitler were doing the best to restrain him, but that if the Poles would not come to Berlin... (at this point Sir Horace cut off)

On 31st August the German Army allready was prepared to strike. Hitler waited to the last hour for a Polish envoy to negotiate.
I might add - that while this was all going on, the polish terror against the 1,5 Million Germans continued and that in the border refugee-camps over 200.000 Germans were sheltered which were getting more very day.

On 31st August Görings „Forschungsamt" (Intelligence Burau which tapped & deciphered all telephon calls in central Europe) caught a call from Foreign Minister Beck to Lipski, instructing him not to meet with the Germans and to stall for time.

The highly efficient German intelligence system proved its worth that afternoon in Berlin. Beck’s telephone call including the secret message was instantly decoded. Here was proof to the German Goverment of Polands delaying tactics and refusal to negotiate seriously." Sidney Aster, The making of the second World War, pg. 365

After Hitler received this message, he signed „Directive No. 1" „Fall Weiss" .

The German - Polish war was on.

I will leave you now with some quotes.

Lloyd George asked why he had risked involving in a war with Germany? According to the account information at his disposal neither the German General Staff nor Hitler would ever risk war if they knew that they would have to fight at the same time on two fronts - the West and the East. Lloyd George then asked just where the second front was. The PM answered: „Poland!"
Lloyd George burst into laughter. „..Your statement of today is a irresponsible game of chance which can end up very badly." Aster, p 115

Instead its purpouse was to serve as a pretex for going to war with Germany.
...there is little doubt that Chamberlain and Halifax and the majorety of the Cabinet were ready to challenge Germany. – The only alternative was for Britain to abdicate as a Great Power.
Why Russia had not been included? The PM told him that Poland and Roumania had objected. In that case why was Chamberlain now threatening to involve Britain in a War with Germany? Chamberlain replied that the German Generall Staff would never risk a war if they knew they would have to fight on two fronts simultaneously, namly the West and in Poland. Lloyd George burst into Laughter and began to jibe Chamberlain explaining that Poland had no air force to speak of an inadequetely mechanised army, worse than mediocre armaments and that Poland was weak internally - economically and politically. Simon Newman, March 1939, The British Guarantee to Poland, London 1976

In the West there are all sorts of Elements who openly push for War. The Jews, the Capitalists, the Arms-Industry. All are awaiting the buisness of their lifetime, because they have found a place which they can put on fire: Danzig; and a Nation, who is ready to fight: Poland. On our hide they want to earn the big money. The destruction of our Country doesnt intrest them one bit. On the contrary: Since everything will afterwards have to be rebuild, they would also earn on that. Count Potocki, Polish Ambassedor in USA, 1939 in Warsaw. à J. Szembeck "Journal 1933.1939" Paris 1952, p 475/476

cosmocreator
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 01:16 PM
THE ROAD TO WAR. PART 4 - Pictures


THE BLOODY SUNDAY IN BROMBERG

Begining of August 1939 Poland intensefied ist terror against the German minoretys. They were not allowed to posses Radios and had to deliver them at the Mayors office or at a Police Station. Schools and Churches were closed.
Specialy against Protestant Clergy and churches the local polish authoreties together with the Mob, they pressured and terrorised.

Some Data:


1) 2. March 1939 - The Windows of the Christ-church in Posen, as well of the Pastors-Office were smashed
2) 12. March Pastor Diestelkamp from Wisseck was ambushed by 15 - 20 Teenagers, thrown off his Motercycle and severly misstreated. The Police stood along the road and just watched without interfering.
3) 3. March - Pastors-Residence in Schokken was attacked and 22 Windows smashed.
4) 29. March - Polish Mob demonstrates in front of the Pastors-Residenz in Kruschwitz and demolishes 21 windows.
5) 31.March Pastor (Superintendet) Assmann from Bromberg and Church-eldest Quade from Labischin are assoulted with rocks.
6) 15.April Vicar Ortlieb in Neubarkoschin is attacked on the streets, beaten up, and kicked in the face with boots.
7) In the night from 18th to 19th April the Church in Lonkorss is vandalized. 63 Windows smashed.
8) 19th April Priest Schenk in Hallkirch is assoulted and injured by through stones.
9) 28.April Cemetary in Neulaube is destroyed
10) Same day, the Church in Zirke is attacked.
11) 2.May sunday-School-teacher Lenz is assoulted while on his way from Schubin to Klein Salzdorf, thrown from hic bycicle and heavely injured. Bike and suitcase are stolen.
12) In the night from 3rd to 4th May the Curch in Briesen ins Vandalized and painted with Anti-German Parols.
13) 7.May The Divine Service in Rakot is disturbed through a Mob. The Germans are forced to flee and the Gate of the Church is nailed closed
14) 24.May The Altarwindow of Church in Rheinsberg is smashed
15) 24.May Priest Schenk in Hallkirch is again stoned while driving to work.
16) 2.June Church in Staykowo is vandalized. 16 Windows smashed
17) 5th and 6th June the Church and pastors-Residenz in Hohensalza is attacked. Pastor (Superintendent) Diestelkamp is injured on the head through stones.


On 31st August in the City of Bromberg and sorounding, polish mob, supported by Units of the Military and Police started to hunt down the Germans. Through Radio the polish Govt. claimed, these were spys and a „5th Colum" of traitors ect.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A01.jpg
1) Mrs. Ristau, Frieda, Age 31. Member of the slayed group found at Eichdorf-Netzheim; Mother of 3 children, which were able to escape their murders by a coinsidance. Rifle-shot into the back of the head.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A02.jpg
2) Kluck, Wiethold, Age 34, Member of murdered group found at Jesuitersee. Bullet-Exit at eye-level.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A04.jpg
3) Mrs. Kempf, age 25, murdered in Wiesenau, district Hohensalza. With her were murdered: her husband, age 36, her children Hilde K., age 9 and Helene K, age 2 ½. Further the old Couple Kempf age 70 and 65, and the servant Theodor Dräger, age 17. In total 7 persons. Killed by Pistolshot into the skull (-> a), also crushing of the right 4th and 5th finger (shown as b and c). The woman was pregnant and in her 9th month. Apperently this is not a case of a „coffin birth" where the child exited through decay gases, but rather birth took place while the woman was in her death struggle.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A05.jpg
4) Woman in Bromberg at the corpse of her slain husband

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A07.jpg
5) Memebers of the foreign press convince themselves of the polish attroceties against ethnic Germans. Up front in dark suit, The Katholik Priest of the Herz-Jesu-church in Bromberg, to identefy the members of his community.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A08.jpg
6) Foreign Doctors as members of the international investigation board listen to the eye-wittness reports of the 14 year old Dora Radler from Klein Bartelsee by Bromberg of the murder of her Father and 2 Brothers. From left to right: Dr. Espionsa (Chily), Dr. Karellas (Greece), Dr. Santoro (Italy), Dr.Faroqhi (India), Dr. Ohanian (Persia)

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/A09.jpg
7) Hier lay 18 victims which were found lined up along the Bromberg-chanel, including 2 children. Except for one person, all had their hands tied to their backs.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B01.jpg
8) Massgrave of 45 murderd ethnic Germans by Sompolno, 41 of them peasents of the Hamlet Sockelstein near Wreschen.




Cadogan writes to the foreign office:
Wzelaki indeed went so far as to say that, if war broke out, hee feels that a terrible massacre of German peasents might be difficult to prevent.



THE ROAD TO WAR 4b - Pictures


Hitler behaved as if we were at maneuvers. With a armored car he would drive to the front and then through the forests, which still sheltered polish snipers and cut off troops. Once, while driving through the brush somwhere near the River Weichsel, we found the remains of a German Hospital-Colum, which were sloughtered by the Poles just 20 minutes before. I could see how Hitlers face turned red and as he mumbelt „They will pay for this!"
Heinz Linge, "Bis zum Untergang" -Als Chef des persönlichen Dienstes bei Hitler. Herbig-Verlag. ISBN 3-7766-1021-2.
Heinz Linge, "To the final End", As chief of Hitlers personal Staff (=Butler)"


http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B03.jpg
9) Ethnic German Farmer from the Hamlet Langenau by Bromberg

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B04.jpg
10) Ethnic-German Farmer from the Hamlet Otteraue by Bromberg

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B05.jpg
Family Berger.
Mrs. Hilde Berger, Age 24, - Child Egon Berger, Age 4 Months, Mr. Hermann Berger, age 26
Murdered in Wiesenau, District Hohensalza. All 3 Persons were killed by a handgrenade into their Basement. The Infant was found in the arms of his mother. The Husband adittionaly was shot with a rifle. The Bullet entered the left throat and exited from the right chest-side around the shoulder.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B06.jpg
Renz, Günther, Age 9. Member of the murderd group found at Eichdorf-Netzheim. Murder of 36 Ethnic-Germans, from the age of 3 to 82. Perpetretors: Polish Military Unit.
Together with this boy his 4 year old sister and 45 year old father were murderd, and on a different crime scene, his 80 year old Grandmother was found.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/B07.jpg
Heller, Willi, Age 19. Part of the murdered group found at Jesuitersee. 33 Stabwounds through dagger or Bajonet. Wound marked wit arrow was leathal.

Statistics:

Polish concentration-Camps:
SZCYPIORNO, Province of Posen. Opend 1918
STRALKOWO, Posen,. Opend 1919

BEREZA-KARTUSKA (Galicia), Opend 1926 (mainly Ukrainians)
BREST-LITOWSK, 1926 (for Ukrainians)

In 1939:
Camp CHOZDEN, former suger factory between Leslau and Kutno. In the first days of September 7.000 Germans were interned there.
BROMBERG

In August/September Germans were rounded up and sent on „death-marches" towards Kutno, Lowitsh, Warsaw, Sochaczew, Blonia, Kostpol and Bereza_Kartuska.

In 1945 they built adittional camps at:
POTULICE near BROMBERG (this camp was closed 1950)

LAMBSDORF. In this camp 6.048 Germans of 8.000 were brutaly murdered.

Further Camps:
TOST near Gleiwitz, MYSLOWITZ in Upper-Silesia, GRANOWO by Lissa, SIKAWA by Lodz, JAWORZNO by Tschenstochau, as well as the less know camps QUELLENGRUND and KREUTBERG.
The Federal Archive in Koblenz, later registered 1.227 Concentration camps, without counting the 227 Prisons.


http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/Polen5.jpg
September 1939: A Ethnic-German Granny thanks our soldiers for the liberation from polish Terror.

On the Blood Sunday of Bromberg 5.437 Germans were murderd.
Until November 1939 further Massgraves were found, with other German but also Ukrainian Victims, which led to a total of around 12.000 victims which were killed in August/September 1939

From 1919 to August 1939 a total of ca. 58.500 Germans were killed and 1,1 Million driven out of „Poland".
In September 1939 on polish territory 1,4 Million Germans remained from the 2,5 Million in 1919.

In the Year 1945 15 Million Germans were driven out of Silesia, Pommeria, East- and Westprussia and Danzig. 3,5 Million were killed.




I must add, we will never get the Poles to show themselves satesfied. Nothing can ever satesfie them.
Winston Churchill, „The Second World War", Book 2, Volume 5, Page 98


"Our main aim must be to correct the Borders of Upper-Silesia and the Polish Corridor. The current peace in Europe is the peace of brutal Force."
US-Senator Borah, Chairman of the Foreign-Affairs board of the US-Senate 1931

Quotes:

"All Germans which still live on polish soil should be hanged."
The Polish-Katholik Priest in Adelnau 16th August 1920

Wherever the German puts his foot, the earth bleeds 100 years. Where the German carries Water and drinks, the fountains decay 100 years. Where the German breathes, he spreads the Pest - 100 years. If the German gives you his hand, then peace goes to shambbles. And if you are 100years old, the German will denie it. He betrays the strong, he robs the weak and if he would find the direct path to heaven, he wouldnt hesitate to de-throne God. And we then would wittness how he steals the sun from the sky"
Vikar Kos of Posen, at a divine ceremony, reading out of the Drama from Lucjan Rydel "Jency" ("The Prisoners") at a celebration for the "National Democratic party Polands" in June 1939

"The Battle between Poles and Germans is inevetible. We must systematicly prepare ourselves for this War. Our aim is a new "Grunwald", but this time a Grunwald at the outskirts of Berlin, i. e. the defeat of Germany must be brought from polish troops into their territory, to strike Germany in the heart. Our Ideal is a Poland in the West with the Oder and Neisse as Border.
Prussia must be reconquerd for Poland and we mean the Prussia at the Spree. [River which flows through Berlin!] The World will tremble from the German-Polish War. We have to spread the spirit of mercyless Revenge and Cruelty into the rows of our soldiers."
Polish Newspaper "The League for Superpower" 3rd October 1930 ("Spree" is the River flowing through Berlin)

All territory which the Germans still posess, has to be torn out of their hands.
"Gazeta Gdanska" 13th June 1926


"There will be no peace in Eurrope, untill the Name "Prussia" - which is the Name of a people that since ages don't exist anymore - is wiped off the map of Europe, so long as the Germans are not forced to move their capitol westwards of Berlin!"
Member of Polish-General Staff Baginski in his very popular book.

1410 we beat the Germans at Grunwald. But now we will beat them in Berlin. Danzig, Eastprussia, Silesia are our MINIMAL demands. Through this glorious victory Poland will dominate entire Europe."
Paper of the "All-Polish Youth-Organisation" 4th May 1929

"We managed to make territorial gains in the west in a almost unknown simple and easy manner. We gained territory which allready had roads, Railways and Channels as well as citys who were just waiting to be resettled by us, Industries which we took over as well as Koal-Mines. There are now just some mere Rests of Germans, which we will manage to liquidate within a short period of time, whenever we desire and that we have the moral and international right to do so."
Hilary Hinc, Polish Minister for Industry.

The German blood will be shed in the comming War in such streams, as the world has never seen before.
"Warscawa Depesza" 20th August 1939





My sources:
1) Historische Tatsachen Nr. 28: Polens imperialistischer Volkstumskampf 1919-1939, von Else Löser
2) Max Klüver, „Die Kriegstreiber" Englands Politik gegen Deutschland 1937 - 1939", Druffel Verlag, ISBN 3-8061-1117 0
3) Else Löser, Polen und die Fälschungen seiner Geschichte, Selbstverlag
4) Dokumente Polnischer Grausamkeiten, hrsg. Im auftrage des Auswärtigen Amtes..., (Nachdruck) Arndt-Verlag, ISBN 3-88741-178-1
5) Rudolf Trenkel, „Der Bromberger Blutsonntag", Nordland-Verlag 1981
6) Rudolf Trenkel, „Die Hölle von Lambsdorf"


T*H*E E*N*D*

friedrich braun
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 09:09 PM
Thank you for posting this information, Dr. Brandt.

Loki
Monday, November 24th, 2003, 09:33 PM
Excellent, sobering post, Dr. Brandt. Thanks for your effort in posting this.

I am making this a sticky.

Loki :(

Giordano Bruno
Thursday, June 10th, 2004, 10:38 PM
Dr Brandt,

To begin, I'd like to translate the map legend, which I gather you fail to understand. Later, in future posts, I'll deal with the atrocities allegedly perpetrated by the Poles.

Translation of map ledger:

Niemcy Dzisiejsze = Germany Today

Najdalszy zasiag Slowian na zachod wedlug slow. nazw geograficznych miejscowosci ustalonych przez ks. St. Kosierowskiego=The fartherest reach of Slavs to the west according to slavic geographical names, as established by Father St. Kosierowski.

Granica Zachodnia Polski za Boleslawa Chrobrego wedlug prof. Wt. Semkowicza=The western border of Poland under the reign of Boleslaus the Brave* according to Wt. Semkowicz

Granica Zachodnia Polski za Boleslawa Krzywoustego wedlug prof. Wt. Semkowicza=The western border of Poland under the reign of Boleslaus Wrymouth* according to Wt. Semkowicz

Dzisiejsza granica zachodnia Polski=Poland's western border today.



The author of this map does not claim Hamburg, Kiel, Erfurt, Braunschweig, Dresden, Berlin, and Rostock as Polish, nor does he claim Prague and (Brno) Brünn as cities belonging to Poland. He simply shows the westernmost areas the Slavs had once inhabited before being pushed eastward.


*Boleslaw I Chrobry ('Boleslaus the Brave') of the Piast family (born 966/967, died 1025), son of Mieszko I and of his first wife, the Czech princess Dubrawka, ruled as duke of Poland 992 - 1025 and reigned as King of Poland in 1025.

= Boleslaus's Career
= In 984 Boleslaus married Rikdaga, the daughter of Riddag (Rikdag, Ricdag), the margrave of Meissen. Subsequently he married Judith, the daughter of Geza the Great Prince of Hungary; then Enmilda, the daughter of one Dobromir, a Lusatian prince; and Oda, daughter of the margrave of Meissen. His wives bore him sons including Bezprym, Mieszko II and Otton; and a daughter, Mathilde.

After death of his father around 992 he was able to expel the second wife of his father, Oda, with her sons, and unite country again.

In 997 Boleslaus sent St. Adalbert of Prague to Prussia on the Baltic Sea to attempt to convert the Prussians to Christianity. By this time he already possessed Silesia and Pomerania (with its main city of Gdansk) and Little Poland (with its main city of Cracow). In 999 he annexed present-day Moravia and in 1000 or 1001 Slovakia. He appeared well in track to unite all West Slavic lands in one strong, country as a member of Christian Europe.

In A.D. 1000, while on a pilgrimage to the tomb of St. Adalbert at Gniezno, the emperor Otto III invested Boleslaus with the title Frater et Cooperator Imperii ("Brother and Partner of the Empire"). Some historians say that the emperor also pledged the king's crown to Boleslaus. On the same visit Otto III accepted Gniezno's status as an archbishopric. For the consequences see the article on the meeting at the tomb of Saint Adalbert.

After the untimely death of Otto III in 1002 at the age of 22, Boleslaus conquered Meissen and Lusatia, in an attempt to wrest imperial territory for himself during the disputes over the throne; he and his father had both backed Henry the Quarrelsome against Otto earlier, and he accepted the accession of Henry II of Germany, the earlier Henry's son.

Boleslaus conquered and made himself duke of Bohemia and Moravia in 1003 - 1004; he defeated the Ruthenians and stormed Kyiv in 1018, annexing the Red Strongholds (Grody Czerwienskie) later called Red Ruthenia and making prince Sviatopolk his vassal there. The intermittent wars with Germany ended with the Peace of Bautzen, Budziszyn in 1018, which left Sorbian Meissen and Lusatia in Polish hands.

The emperor Henry II obliged Boleslaus to give a pledge of allegiance again for the lands he held in fief. After the death of Henry in 1024, Boleslaus crowned himself king, rising Poland to the rank of kingdom (1025).

The son of Boleslaus, Mieszko II crowned himself immediately after his father's death.

Boleslaus send an army to aid his friend Canute in his conquest of England.

= The Significance of Boleslaus's reign in the history of Poland
= Boleslaus was the first Polish King, since during his rule Poland became a Kingdom, despite the fact that some of the Polish rulers before 1295 never received a crown.

He was the first Polish ruler baptised at birth, the first real Christian ruler. He founded the independent Polish province of the church and made Poland a strong power in Europe.

Boleslaus for the first time unified all the provinces that subsequently came to comprise the traditional territory of Poland: Greater Poland, Little Poland, Masovia, Silesia and Pomerania.

For the Sorbs of Lusatia he became the national hero.

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boleslaus-I-of-Poland

*Boleslaus III the Wrymouth (Boles?aw III Krzywousty), (1086-1138) was king of Poland from 1102.

He defeated the Pomeranians at the battle of Naklo in 1109, and took control of Pomerania between 1119 and 1123, regaining Polish access to the sea. He also defeated Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor in 1109, in the Battle of Hundsfeld.

Boleslaus also campaigned in Hungary from 1132 to 1135, but to little effect.

First he married Zbyslava of Kiev, daughter of Swiatopelk II grand duke of Kiev. They had one son: Ladislaus the Exile of Poland.

Second he married Salome von Berg-Schelklingen, with whom he had 14 children (6 sons + 8 daughters) from whom we know of 4 sons and 5 daughters:
Boleslaus IV the Curly
Mieszko III the Old
Henry of Sandomierz
Casimir the Just
Rycheza of Poland
Dobronega of Poland
Gertruda of Poland
Judith of Poland
Agnes of Poland Before his death in 1138 he announced the testament (Boleslaw the Wrymouth's testament) dividing his land between four of his sons. The "senioral principle" established in the testament stated, that at every time the oldest memeber of the dynasty was to have a supreme power over the rest and also control an indivisible "senioral part" - a vast stripe of land running N-S through the middle of Poland, with Krakow as the main city. Senior's prerogatives included also control over Pomerania, which was a fief of the Empire. The principle was quickly broken, which began an almost 200 years period of feudal dissolution in Poland.

http://www.nationmaster.com/encyclopedia/Boleslaus-III-of-Poland


THE ROAD TO WAR

In the year 1918 when Germany accepted the armistice, the Polish Chouvenist and former meber of Duma Roman Dmowski and Paderewski had allready made their Plans, of which german Provinces they would like to anex, and sent a memomrandum to Wilson (8th October 1918). They declare that West-, Estprussia, Posen and Silesia are polish territorys and gave wrong numbers to make it look like, the majorety was polish.
They claimed that in Eastprussia there was a population of 1,5 Million (actually 2,5!), Danzig was to 50 % polish (99,8% German) and that in Silesia 90 % of the population are Poles.

http://wehrmacht204.homestead.com/files/Poland1.JPG
This Map was Printed in the Newspaper „Dziennik Poznanski" on 26th June 1939. We willhear of this later in the following Posts on this Subject.
It states the „Historic Borders" of Poland. One can see that Hamburg, Kiel, Erfurt, Braunschweig, Dresden, Berlin, Rostock ect are all Polish and even the Czechs (Prague and Brünn) belong to them