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Frans_Jozef
Wednesday, August 27th, 2003, 07:48 PM
Dobbertiners

With the recession of the glaciers in North Europe Westeuropid populations sought out from their initial homeland in the Upper Rhine area for new establishments in the Baltic, the so-called reindeer-hunters, but it was not until the Ancyclus period, when the Baltic after being transformed in a cold, saline sea, the Yoldia Sea, it turned for a period of 30years in a fresh water inland lake, while connected to the North Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, the lake was consecutedly replenished of sweet water by rivers, that finally in South Scandinavia, Denmark(not Jutland) and North Germany(East Hannover, Schleswig-Holstein, Mecklenburg, Brandenburg, Pommeren) as well Poland and Estonia permanent lake and seashore orientated settlements(fluvial encampments) were lodged and a broad-spectrum economy, combining game and fowl hunting, fishing and foraging put into practice: the typical semi-sedentary life-ways of the Mesolithic.

Named after a station, Dobbertin in Mecklenburg, these people were called Dobbertiners or Dobbertin Vorfinnen(Prae-Finns). The tools hint on derivation of the Magdalenians of the Epipaleolithic (hence why the Dobbertiners are believed to have come from South France over the Rhineland) carved with naturalistic animal drawings and geometrical patterns. Their hunting weapons and fishing equipments were made of aurochs bones and deer antlers. The use firestone was common, but meagre in diversity and fashion; deft laboured microliths of a bend or triangular design, arrow point, barbed hooks and lance heads belonged to their tool-kits, however, more appreciation went to their transversed hatchets (Querbeile), hook and chisel with its incision directed in transversed position to the shaft.

Anthropologically the Dobbertiners are quite diverse, despite the paucity of the human remains they shouldhave consist mainly of three distinct types:

1. A primitive nordiform type found near Kiel with association to the UPs, lacking though development of browridges, steep forehead, a dolichoid(LBI 79.05, marking an incipient tendency towards brachycephaly?) low vaulted(HLI 68.75) skull which is likewise depressed in its ratio of height to breadth(HBI 86.43), the skull arches to the rear, which ends in a small dome; sideways the skull walls bend outward. The upper face couldn?t be reconstructed, the remaining left cheekbone indicate a gracile structure. Prognatism and a receding chin links it to the neanderthaloids of the Aurignician period, to some extent the characteristics recall the Séquanian
type of neolithic North France and Belgium during the Seine-Oise-Marne
complex.
2. A robust Alpine with strong browridges and receding forehead, rather square-skulled with steep descend of the backhead; a broad face with distant orbits, a plump broad mandible, no chin prominence, but with a jutting nasal bone; found in Plau, Mecklenburg, it reminds the large-headed Alpines of Norway(Jaeder type) and Belgium(Walloon type), which erroneously are taken for modern representatives of the Borreby race which basically is best conceived as a brachycephalic, coarse-boned Cro Magnon type with a strong rounded skull contour.
3. The final type is dual but rather Nordic , two skulls were found by the Pritzerber See in Westhavellande: one is markedly dolichoid(LBI 70.9) and has well-profiled browridges and a receding forehead, the backhead approaches the condition in Cro Magnon, while the other with LBI 70.5 has a receding forehead and weak browridges, but the rear resembles Combe Capelle; both are un-Nordic by lack of chin prominence.

In later epochs the Dobbertiners were pushed to more reclusive regions
in North and Central Scandinavia, Finnland and thriving further into East Europe, on the fringes of Norway they remained unbothered until the Bronze Age.

The next phase of the Baltic Sea induces the transformation of the Ancyclus Lake into the saline Litorina Sea due to a stronger flux by the North Sea. It marked the event of relief of the Dobbertiners by a new cultural complex, the Ellerbek culture, which partly pushed the Dobbertiners aside or superseded them with inevitably amalgation which should engender in Jutland and South Sweden a Prae-Indogermanic, possible even the first Indogermanic branch in Northern Europe; these Fenno-Indogermanics would lead to the dawn of the Germanic Peoples…

The Ellerbek complex is named after its eponymous site near Kieler Hafen, but in present-day literature it is known as Ertebölle, and covers a vast territory reaching from Western Netherland to Central Poland (Pyrzyce,Koszalin), from the northern end of Lower Saxony to the Swedish westcoast, including Vorpommern, the east coasts of Schleswig-Holstein up to Jutland. Ellerbek lasted from 5400BC to 3900BC and introduced a more fully-developed Nordic type in the area with a slighter broad-faced brachycephalic component.

Originally of mesolithic stock, it underwent a gradual process of cultural change by acculturation and co-existence with the Danubian Stichbandkeramik of Stroked Pottery Culture(STK) in Central Germany, which affliates with the Lengyel Culture and precedes Rössen; the northern outpost of STK, east of the Elbe, not too far off from Hamburg, revealed artefacts belonging to Ellerbek, STK and the Funnel Beakers(TRB=Trichterbecherkultur) and are in the vicinity of the TRB long-mounds of Sachsenwald: henceforward, TRB are rooted in the Fenno-Indogermanic Ellerbek people, basically a hunting and fishing population making a change-over under Danubian LBK influences and interrelationships to a mixed subsistence economy with animal husbandry and agriculture as demonstrated in the Satrup Moor location in Anglia and Rosendorf near Dahme on the Baltic coast of Schleswig-Holstein but it was not until 4000BC in Denmark that the process completed and that is more or less the beginning of the Funnel Beaker Complex.

Their wares are thick-walled with a by fingernails impressed rim(two rows of stipples or perpendicularly a corded impressum at the upper reaches of the rim), funnel-beaker neck(!) and pointed bottom, somewhat akin is found among the MBK or Michelsberg Culture and
clearly passed on to TRB(idem the ax sacrifices).Stone tools are more elaborated and more various. Prolific is the Kernbeil,"nachgebildeten Metallbeile"(G.Kossinna), primordial to the creation of the boataxes of the Corded Ware people, made of a massive flint core annd hewed all around with a wavy central piece.The Flachbeil is triangular with one sharp edge. From antlers and bones fish hooks and daggers were made, while transversal arrowpoints were fabricated from flintstone.

cosmocreator
Wednesday, August 27th, 2003, 08:02 PM
I don't understand how you use Nordic in this writing? I thought Nordics were fairly recent like maybe 5000 years old. How could they go back 17,000 years? Unless you think they are proto-Nordic.

Frans_Jozef
Wednesday, August 27th, 2003, 08:15 PM
I don't understand how you use Nordic in this writing? I thought Nordics were fairly recent like maybe 5000 years old. How could they go back 17,000 years? Unless you think they are proto-Nordic.

The initial stock was Old Atlantic, the first Nordics appear not until the Mesolithic in Scandinavia and I tend to believe they evolved on the spot by process of gracilization, leading way to the Troender and Faelian type; these Dobbertiner Nordics are merely a more primitive and southernly orientated group, which curiously prevailed from France and Belgium over the entire North European Plain and deep into the Baltic; while far of homogenic in appearance, both the mesocephalic and brachycephalic groups(including Borreby) feature some archaic traits, strongly reminiscent of Neanderthal man and the Magdalénian races.