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Frans_Jozef
Friday, August 22nd, 2003, 06:56 PM
The Cardial Ceramic Culture or Impresso Keramik/Impressed Ceramics adopt this denomination from the "cardium", a kind of mollusc, which crest was used to seal pottery with decorations; it existed from 6000BC to 4800BC and was partial contemporary with the Danubian cultures.

Its origin lays somewhere diffused in the Eastern Mediterrenean basin, probably Syria and the Levant were the starting-points from where a sea-borne colonization was enterprised, distributing its hallmarks in a esat to west movement across the West Mediterrenean coasts, North africa, dalmatia, the Provence, Catalonia, Portugal and yonder; finally, they'll reach out for the inlands and plateaus of France.

Their abodes were often temporary stays, caverns and rock shelters near the littoral fringes were accustomed, but groups of huts or hovels places in circles were alternatives. Their economy was based onsmall cattle, goats and sheeps,seldom bovins or swines, taking benifits from broad-leaved forests; the maintenance
of agriculture reposed on barley and corn.

Mesolithic traditions lingered in the hunt for wild game as well the brown bear, to which also fishing accounts.

Also in the lithic material the old traditions continue, but are enriched by contacts with the isles like Lipari where they obtain obsidian.

Their ceramics are thick-walled, but badly baked, big allongated vases of pointy or hemispheric shape with large aperture. Bowls, vases, jars and dishes were all alike treated with the cardium combing parallel strokes imprinting streaks or zigzag-lines; on other occasions, the design was in effect by touching-in the fingernails, finger impressions or a comb.

Besides animals, the notable human figures with lifted arms were impressively grandly drawed, "macroschematically" as the style is named.

The burial grounds were necropoles destined for inhumation, the body was put in a flexed position, ochre layered over it and with deposits of shells.

It's believed that the rapid advance of the Cardials is due to local acculturation, facing in time northeastern penetration by the Danubians, bearers of the Linear Pottery or Linearband Ceramic, in France and Belgium, and all to probably absorbed by the latter.

In Northern France, especially the Parisian Basin, the "groupe de Villeneuve-Saint-Germain"( the West Belgian branche is called "Blicquien") came about, embracing the typical Linear Pottery longhouses dotted with Cardial elements in its fineries; it dates from the transition from the 6th to 5th millenium.In the fifth millenium the site of Cerny is with its vast proto-megalithic structures in Passy(Yonne) remarkeable for the habitations of Danubian inspiration, while the wares lean over to Villeneuve recognized in motifs of guirlandes and modulating lines.

An curious artefact involves bone-made symbolic object, which in all its furtitiveness takes the resemblance of the spyre of the Eiffel Tower...:-)