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Tuesday, March 22nd, 2005, 09:00 AM
Gods of the Blood : The Pagan Revival and White Separatism


Review by Rory von Dubhdara.


I recently received the first edition of "Gods of the Blood : The Pagan Revival and White Separatism " printed by Duke University and
written by Mattias Gardell, a professor of the University of Stockholm whom wrote a book about the Nation of Islam and Farrakhan a
few years back ("In The Name of Elijah Muhammad: Louis Farrakhan") that was about the same length, over 400 pages...

In this in-depth analysis of Folkish paganism in North America and the white separatist elements often connected to it, the author proves his integrity and academic grasp of the matter at hand, as he very skillfully elaborates and extensively (with minor bias) does his best to show outsiders a bird's eye view of the modern Pagan Rebirth in North America, and with the materials that he works with in this 445 page tome, there was much less sensationalism and tabloidism than I expected, even if it was not without some of that lesser quality of "journalism".

In essence, the Swedish professor focuses more on scholarly work and first account interviews and face to face meetings (in fact the author travels the United States extensively and most of the references he used in this book are actual his taped recordings of all the main practitioners of the North American Pagan Revival) and interactions with all of the prognosticators in this textual documentary. (In fact the center of this book includes over 26 photos of most of the chief role players in the North American post-modern
drama of the Pagan Revival that he met with and interviewed in person).

Of course, many, including myself, will not be happy about the authors over-sensationalizing and exaggeration of the role of racism and various white nationalist groups (including Christian Identists and Holocaust Revisionists, which I personally feel have near to zero in common with Folkish paganism) in the Pagan Revival, and I do believe that he has done an injustice to many by making so many blanket statements in this vein, but despite this, I think that this is a great academic overview of the heathen resurgence in North
America, and better, by far,than any that I have seen as of yet.

This book begins with an introduction about how globalization has incited and/or inspired various threads of nationalism and how the
Pagan Revival has been closely connected from the beginning, with these elements of resistance, and the author seems to show convincing evidence of this, although early in the book this author shows his obvious flaws, by promoting the mundane and typical view of the world and culture as being something dependent and lead by economics. For example, while speaking of the resistance against Globalism and multiculturalism, that is such a vital element of Nationalist movements, he states that:

"That numerous neonationalist projects have been spawned in the wake of globalization might seem paradoxical, since globalization undermines the significance of the nation-state through an increasingly transnational, even post-national,social reality. After all, the strongest economies in the world today are multinational corporations, not nation-states, and political efforts to adjust to changing realities by establishing regional trade blocs such as the European Union (EU) or the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) seem dated at launching. Corporate power is further underscored by the free trade zones on territory set aside and exempted not only from regular taxation but also from the jurisdiction a state would otherwise exert over its territory.

Add to the list a number of unrecognized nation-states and the `national liberation movements' fighting to achieve independence —— such as the Kurdish, Basque, Moro, Palestinian or Tibetan movements —— and a pattern of fervent nationalist activity becomes apparent."

Here the author's shortsightedness does not allow him to recognize the foundational core of all Peoples:

Culture. Hence , the aforementioned peoples, Kurds, Basque, Moro, Palestinian, and Tibetan are fervent, as he says, in their activity (although many would disagree that that the Tibetan cause is "Nationalist") to preserve their culture and their respective faiths. Here he even fails to even mention the Zapatistas, whose main foe they perceive as NAFTA, whose "free trade agreements" was just another form of colonialist Imperialism , giving free reign to multinational corporations to exploit their land and their People.

Afterwards the author states correctly that:

"At least three distinct types of neonationalist projects can be identified: ethno-nationalism, which claims that ethnicity should be the foundation for an independent nation-state, as manifest in the nationalism that forced itself on the agenda in the civil wars of Rwanda and former Yugoslavia; racial nationalism, which asserts that all members of a given race properly constitute a nation entitled to self-determination in a state of their own, establishing a pan-Aryan `white homeland' that transcends the current nation-state borders of Europe, Australia, and America; and finally, religious nationalism, which holds that adherents of a given religion `by nature' (and the will of God) properly belong to the same nation, a conviction that caused, for example, Muslims to secede from the Federation of India to form Pakistan as the "Land of the Pure" and that is voiced by Hindu nationalists in India and by Islamic revolutionaries such as Hamas or Ikhwan al-Muslimun (the Muslim Brotherhood). These neo-nationalist categories are hardly static and, not being mutually exclusive, often interweave with each other such that, for instance, religious identity turns into a national marker in an ethnonationalist project, as illustrated by Serbian and Croatian nationalism."

But once again, after the aforementioned paragraph of truth, he begins to descend, as it were, into the murky depths of multi- cultural economically dominated and led, doctrine:

"To some readers, the prefix neo– might seem curious, as many nationalist ideologies assert the cultural homogeneity of the nation and trace its origin to a specific ethnic or religious group of which the nation is held to be an `organic' outgrowth. What nationalists say, however, should not necessarily be accepted at face value.

An overwhelming majority of the de facto existing nation-states (including, of course, the United States) have historically been, and still are, multiethnic, multilingual, and multireligious in composition. What is new in neonationalism, then, is the refutation of the state sanctioned nationalist ideology in favor of an alternative nationalism that is aimed either at purging an existing nation-state of everyone held to be extranational or at establishing a new, secessionist nation-state composed exclusively of and by those deemed to qualify. But the nationalist conception of nation as `organic', as something given by nature —— as though mankind had always been organized in different nations, or as though the nation were merely a modern appendage to the evolution of family-clan-tribe-lands far from the mark; a nation is not a product of blood but of ideology and social processes.

Conflicting ideas of the nation's make-up may thus be present at the same time and place, and the dominant definition of a given nation may change."

Here the author seems to have clearly and utterly missed the point : the people of Tibet, the Basque, and the Zapatistas, are all resisting these "successful" "multiethnic, multilingual, and multireligious" nations, because these have always been the exclusive products of Empires and therefore, Imperialism, and the exploitation of the indigenous peoples.

These are not the nations of the people, they are economic blocs of power, much less the Feudal states of old Europe, and only extreme forms of tyranny and oppression. Any Tibetan Buddhist imprisoned by the Chinese government for practicing their thousands of years old, native faith, or a Basque artist imprisoned under the regime of Franco would have serious contention with the authors unfactual statements. Further, to claim that there is not an organic connection to a people and their native soil (especially when they have dwelled upon this soil for several thousands of years and fertilized this native soil with their blood, tears and sweat) and their collective faith and collective unconscious, and that this is not an essential part of Nature, much like packs of wolves or herds of Elk that attempt to preserve their respective territory, is something that only a staunch liberal capitalist would try to propagate.

After laboring to promote Globalism as "the only way, truth and light", finally it seems that the author has words of wisdom to share with the readers, and I find that the following statement is more genuine than what he has emphasized prior:

"The nationalist cause is often strengthened by inserting a (historical or mythological) `national trauma', that is, a time when the nation was subjugated, occupied, or severely threatened by national enemies. Slavery, for instance, is the trauma informing black nationalism, the Holocaust the trauma informing Jewish nationalism, the Civil War the trauma informing Southern nationalism, and the Battle at the field of Thrushes in 1389 the trauma informing Serbian nationalism. The national trauma is often reenacted on memorial days, in commemorative ceremonies, and with theater productions, thus enabling members of the nation to identify with the co-nationals of the traumatic past.

Furthermore, endowed with a notion of eternity, the national trauma serves as a frame of reference with which to interpret current
conflicts. In Serbian nationalist propaganda, Albanians turned into Ottoman Turks, Jewish nationalists may view Palestinian activists as Nazis, styling Arafat a Hitler. Spokespersons of the Palestinian Hamas typically interpret Israel as a crusader state. Black nationalists may talk about nonseperatist blacks as slaves and see slave-holders in contemporary white politicians.

Using the metaphor of the individual organism when discussing the `features' and history of the nation in question reinforces the notion of national solidarity. Born during the golden age, the individual nation is endowed with certain inherent qualities, a personal history, and a destiny to be fulfilled in a glorious future…"

Here we get a brief glimpse of truth, in regards the meaning behind tribal and national solidarity by peoples around the world, and the need to resist the military and economic encroachment by Empires and by the "lofty" New World Order. Further, the author gives us this last thought about the current Globalism, this new form of missionary zeal that we all , universally, suffer under, and its Capitalist Imperialist roots (with a strong Judeo-Christian dominance):

"Modernity was, after all, not inherently Western but proved adaptable in many different ways in many different cultures. The nation-state model was appropriated by national liberation movements and turned against colonizers all over the world…."

Indeed Aristophanes was correct when he stated that "The wise learn many things from their foes." In the end , the Globalism promoted by the West, just like the snake swallowing its own tail, will turn against itself. Speaking further about this soul-less Globalist expansion, Professor Gardell exclaims that :

"...having propelled not only the global rise of Western culture but also its subsequent `fall', the latter process yet unfolding. Thus,
despite the fact that globalization began in early modern Western society, it has inevitably led towards the construction of a global culture that is not Western. As this realization begins to sink in, many Westerners react with confusion and even panic."

After this lengthy and doctrine-laden Introduction,the first chapter is entitled "The Transforming Landscapes of American Racism" , which delves into the "alchemy of race and nation"(in a crass manner that the Baron Evola would be disgusted by) and gets into the myriad strands of the historical radical separatism and populism in the USA and in Canada, and here the author, very unconvincingly, in my opinion,is attempting to link too wide of a range of dissenters and those wary of the Federal government as the "roots of the Pagan Revival". However I did find some nuggets of truth in this first chapter, specifically about the monstrosity that Federal government has indeed become, bringing to mind that well known quote by Friedrich Nietzsche:

The state is the coldest of all coldest monsters. Coldly it lies, too; and this lie creeps from its mouth: `I, the state, am the people.'" As the author describes in this chapter, this cold monster, this Fenrir-like creature that is the State, shows its ugly and sinister face in both the FBI and ATF, whose handlings of both the Ruby Ride and Waco incidents was nothing less than criminal. Some examples of the low depths that the Federals can sink to were elaborated upon by the author when he describes the Hollywood style tactics that were used in the Waco, Texas Federal siege that lasted 50 grueling days:

"Electricity, water supplies, and telephone lines were cut off to isolate the besieged. Banks of stadium lights were erected around Mt.
Carmel and turned on twenty-four hours a day. A loudspeaker sound system was installed and for six weeks blared noise and music `specifically selected', the FBI spokesmen told the press, `for its irritation ability'. Thus blasted were the sounds of dying rabbits, dental drills, seagulls, bagpipes, an off-hook telephone, chanting Tibetan Buddhist monks, and music by Nancy Sinatra. ("These boots were made for walking, that's just what they do, one of these days, these boots are going to walk all over you…") Not only did such sound terror mentally exhaust the Mt. Carmel residents but it also sent the cattle of a nearby farmer into a frenzied stampede, running down fences trying to escape.

The level of irritation increased on both sides and might explain in part why the agents ignored Koresh when he said that God had allowed him to come out after he had composed a document detailing the message of the Seven Seals. Disregarding the offer as yet another stalling technique, the agents in command decided that it was time for action, clearing plans for a tear-gas assault with U.S. attorney Janet Reno. At 6 AM on Monday, 19 April, tanks began punching holes in Mt. Carmel to inject CS gas into the building, a highly effective tear gas that was banned for use against foreign enemies by a Geneva Convention agreement in 1969…."

In other words, the Federal government has stooped so low as to use a tear gas against its own citizens that would be illegal to use
against foreigners, due to laws stipulated by the Geneva Convention! Also revealing is the author (oh so cogently)bringing to light how the FBI and similar government snoop outfits actually lead to more violence than they halt. A great example shown in this chapter is how Bill Wilkinson, leader of the Invisible Empire of the Ku Klux Klan , was on the FBI pay roll as a federal informant from the get go,
encouraging fellow Klansmen to murder blacks and promoting every form of thuggish behavior under the sun. Far from intervening before black victims were killed, this FBI informant not only conveniently allowed it to commence,in several key events, but often instigated the vast majority of the Klan violence which led to many of his "brothers" being sent to prison. Further, the author states that:

"FBI involvement with internal Klandom intrigues dates back to the 1960s. FBI documents and congressional testimony revealed that in
1965 no less than one-fifth of the sum total of Klan members nationwide in fact were FBI informants. During this time, FBI informants held top leadership positions in seven of the fourteen nationwide Klan organizations and headed at least one state organization. Setting Klan leaders at each other's throats, the FBI had in addition orchestrated the creation of rival Klan organizations, such as Reverend George F. Dorsett's federally funded Confederate Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, and had launched at least one fictitious Klan organization to sow dissention and disrupt the world of Klandom. The FBI counterintelligence activities contributed to the construction of a culture of paranoia, which is still a dominant feature within the radical racist underground scene."

Next , the second chapter , "The Smorgasbord of the Revolutionary White-Racist Counterculture" sinks even lower into the quagmire and delves deeper into the more tabloid approach that this notable author tends to usually avoid, in most other cases. In this instance, however, he once again attempts to connect the base demagoguery of lesser elements like W.A.R. and Tom Metzger (who was never even remotely connected to any form of Paganism, but has actually been a staunch atheist for the past 20 years or so),various Klan groups, and American neo-nazis, to the "Pagan Revival".

It truly is a long shot to attempt to connect all these disparate elements as one, but here the author seems to really grasp a bit too much, in this sensationalist diatribe. He separates this chapter in what he perceives as the main tenets of this counter-culture, including "Klandom", "National Socialism", "White Noise and Skinhead Culture", "Warrior Ideals", "Conspiracy Theories", "Anti-Semitism", "Populism", "Separatism", "Christian Identity:The Gospel of Aryan Israel", and finally "Our Race Is Our Religion", about Ben Klassen and the "World Church of the Creator" and Dr. William Pierce's "Cosmotheism".

Although I don't feel that any of the aforementioned had even an iota of relation to the Pagan Revival in the United States (in fact its patently obvious that the Pagan Revival was a needed movement to offer a suitable alternative to the aforementioned creeds), I won't spend much time bemoaning this, but rather point out the main problem with this school of thought when the author is speaking of "conspiracy theories"; he manages to collect the most far out, off the wall , and bizarre "conspiracy theories" known to man, in a way that seems to be an attempt to give a false portrayal of those who lend a voice of dissent to the high crimes (some of these aforementioned, like Cointelpro and ATF/FBI atrocities) committed by the Federal Government and the Police State that it has become.

It is hardly covert that the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, and the World Bank, with destructive economic programs like NAFTA and the "European Union" is an open means of exploitation, a source of natural despoliation, and is directly connected to the multinational conglomerate that is known as the "New World Order" and which George Bush Sr. first spoke of in
his televised speech of September 11th, 1990 (He in fact, is the author of the words "New World Order" as the author notes,
not "militia members").

Furthermore, any one who has done even a cursory study of the "Patriot Act" enacted by Bush Sr.'s son, can not deny that a tyrannical regime led by , not Jews or Free Masons or Extra-terrestrials but by Judeo-Christian Capitalists with strong
Fundamentalist backgrounds, reside in the White House. These people are very active in dismantling our Bill of Rights and Constitution
and in putting more draconian legislation in effect.

Some of the founders of this type of American Imperialism include notables like Andrew Jackson (who was instrumental in the "Trail of Tears" exodus of the native Americans from their native soil), Teddy Roosevelt (who was the first American leader to launch on the program of world wide American Supremacy, beginning in Cuba and in the Philippines), and most worth of notice, Henry Kissinger, who was instrumental in the assassination of democratically elected Chilean leader Salvador Allende, as well as the bombing of Cambodia and the massacre of East Timor.

Hence, I must be suspicious of any "scholar" who ignores these facts, and instead emphasizes the off the wall beliefs and doctrines of various nuts and flakes, and adding insult to injury, attempts to connect our Pagan Revival to the paranoia, psychosis, and neurosis of those who promote CIA-sponsored disinformation about "Jewish conspiracies", "Extraterrestrial invasions", "Communist take-overs" and "Satanic plots"!!!

There are many active political dissenters involved in the North American Pagan Revival, who are wary of the Federal government and their wealthy Christian Fundamentalist backers, but in my ten years of involvement in Folkish Paganism I have yet to meet one individual who is a Pagan and is a believer of any of the aforementioned inane and insane theories promoted by this author; "Satanic conspiracies" and all, these beliefs are more often than not, promoted chiefly by one group of people: Christian Fundamentalists, like Pat Roberston (who was quoted as stating that "the Pagans and the Lesbians were behind the attack on the World Trade Center") and other friends of the regime in Washington D.C. ...

These people are not only NOT Pagans, by far, but are our chief foes, and have been active from the very genesis of the Pagan Revival in North America, spreading disinformation and slander about our faith and those who are dedicated to bring about it's rebirth and expansion. Why this author feels the need to regurgitate more of this Christian Fundamentalist slander and gossip, is beyond me.
Escaping the mundane nonsense of the second chapter, the third chapter promises to, finally, delve into the true roots of the Pagan
Revival, and he begins with the birth of Wicca , a reconstruction faith of Celtic/Anglo witchcraft of the British Isles, created by the
British Civil servant Gerald Gardner, whose books "Witchcraft Today", and "Meaning of Witchcraft" made the cult popular in the
British Isles in the 1950's. Giving brief descriptions about the various paths of Wicca, from Gardnerian, to Alexandrian to Dianic, to
Georgian, and later the rebirth of Druidism and Celtic Spirituality.

I learned some interesting facts about the Wicca creed in this chapter; where the author shows the Traditional roots of Wicca in the
British Isles, where it was believed to be a Pan-European Celtic faith revived (as opposed to the more left-leaning feministic form of
Wicca that would be taken up in America latter), based on the ancient ways of the indigenous Celts of Wales,Cornwall, Scotland,
Ireland, the Isle of Man, and Brittany, as well as the entirety of the European continent as Traditional practitioners of Wicca were of
the strong conviction that the Celts were "the first Europeans" and the true indigenous natives on the continent.

The author states that the word "Wicca" was an Old English term for "witchcraft" that tymologically derives from the root word wit, meaning "wisdom", or the Indo-European weik, meaning "to bend or turn", and therefore Wicca being "the craft of bending, shaping, and changing reality in conformity with one's will", which is an idea very akin to the Crowley definition of "magick". I found this to be most intriguing as the author next shows the contradictions amongst Wiccans whose basic faith is derived from Crowleyan beliefs while flying in the face of reason by denouncing Crowleyite magick and going so far as joining in with the Christians in defining his strand of Occultism as being "the spawn of the Devil".

According to the professor; Many Wiccans claim that their magic is either directly or indirectly a continuation of ancient esoteric knowledge developed in the mystery religions of European or Asian cultures of antiquity. As has frequently been observed by non-Wiccan scholars, though, the actual heritage of Wiccan magic appears to be an outgrowth of nineteenth-century occultists and magical groups, particularly the legacy of Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) and the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn….The suggestion that the Wiccan tradition might derive from Crowley's magical mysticism is somewhat controversial among apologetic Wiccan milieus that uphold as truth the Paleolithic origin of Gardnerian traditions and rebut Crowley as an emissary of evil.

Nonetheless, Gardnerian Wicca rituals and magical workings did borrow extensively from Crowley, OTO, and the Golden Dawn, as do many other Wiccan traditions. The almost universally acknowledged Wiccan golden rule —— "If it harms none, Do what you Will" —- is basically a clarification of Crowley's Thelemic motto "Do what thou Wilt shall be the whole of the Law", reflecting the Wiccan imperative of serving the life force. Adopting a Crowleyan understanding of magic as the art and science of causing change to occur in conformity with one's will, many Wiccans depend on a Jungian conception of an individuated Self (and/or a Nietzschean "true self") in specifying that magic properly deals with raising one's consciousness.

Far from interpreting one's will as gratifying egoistic desires at the expense of other life-forms, then, Wiccans commonly understand greater magic in the context of self-transformation, or as the progressive art of becoming god...A quasi-Masonic and Crowleyan influence is noticeable also in the initiatory structure of Wicca covens (local congregations)...The initiatory pattern generally follows a
hierarchical structure of three degrees, intended to reflect levels of increasing consciousness and mastery of esoteric knowledge.
A code of secrecy is frequently demanded, and most witches do not reveal to the uninitiated what has been learned in the inner working of a coven. To the consternation of some witches, however, the basics of the Craft have been published by active Wiccans, including various descriptions of the initiation ceremonies….

The first degree introduces the initiate to the world of the goddess. The initiate is brought into the circle `skyclad' (naked), blindfolded, and bound with ritual cords. "To be initiated, we have to be willing to cast aside our persona, the mask which we present to the world, and to enter the circle as we first entered the world — naked and vulnerable….The symbolic message is about acceptance — that what we are and may become once freed of our persona, our mask, is acceptable and welcomed…." The second degree involves a heroic quest enacted dramatically in a mystery play called the "Legend of the Goddess", in which the hero or heroine descends into the underworld to meet the deity of the opposite sex. The ritual involves sexual mysticism, reversal of gender roles by bringing forth the opposite sex from within (anima or animus), and the symbolic death of the ego.

Initiation into the third degree is designed to symbolize that the initiate is at the end of the initiatory journey. The false persona
is gone, anima and animus reconciled, and the birth of the true self is symbolized by the sexual union (literally or symbolically) of the
god and goddess, as reenacted by the couple to be initiated. Typically, a witch may change the magical name taken at the beginning
of the journey to symbolize successive growth and mission accomplished.

Following, the author unfortunately next skips many powerful Indo- European strands of esoterica, and dives headlong into the rebirth of Asatru in the Western Hemisphere, brings up the work of Harvard professor Barry Fells ("America B.C.") and the belief that many Norse settlers left permanent marks on the North American continent, and continues with the discovery of the Kennewick Man, which many scientists have proven to be a Caucasian who died in North America about ten thousand years ago …. Next he tries his best to briefly describe the basic tenets and rituals of Asatru as well as the various strands of Folkish and universalist practitioners and their
differences….

The fourth chapter begins to finally perk my dormant interests, where the author does a great job of bringing to light the grandmother of the Folkish Odinist renewal ; Elsie Christiansen, the Danish exile and National Anarchist with a very colorful and intriguing history of dissent, from her work with the Anarcho-Syndicalists, to the National Bolshevik activities with Strasser and others…..Next the author speaks of Alexander Rud Mills , the Australian who founded the Anglican Church of Odin in the 1950's.

Later, we read of Elsie Christiansen's appreciation for Yockey and his "Imperium" and how influential Yockey's philosophy was in the
genesis of Asatru in the Western Hemisphere. Following, we learn of Wyatt Kaldenberg, the comedic character who began his political
struggles with the Trotskyites in southern California and his later meetings and activities with the Mc Nallen's Asatru Free Assembly and Elsie's Odinist Fellowship, as well his collaboration with Metzger's W.A.R.

Further, we next enter the realm of the "National Socialist Kindred" and Jost, a Vietnam vet who attempts to create a tribal commune
dubbed "Volksberg" in the mountains of North California based on the Georges Dumezil influenced synthesis of the Vedic and Odinist paths. Here the author brings up Savitri Devi and Miguel Serrano as chief influences, and here he is much more scholarly than sensationalist in his approach to these subjects.

The fifth chapter is focused exclusively on the work of Katja Lane and Ron Mc Van and their now defunct Wotan's Volk and the connection to the Order (Bruder Schweigen), the martyred Robert Mathews, and how influential this aspect of Asatru has been in prison and out. In this chapter I was impressed by how extensive the author's work was (contrary to most of the over-sensationalism that can be found in the first three chapters ) and here it is obvious that the professor met face to face with the main protagonists and recorded their own thoughts and words on the Wotanic ethos.

Chapter six centers on the Folkish though not overtly racial Asatruar, and therefore begins with "soldier of fortune" Stephen Mc
Nallen and the Asatru Folk Assembly, and his thoughts on keeping politics out of the Faith. Also elaborated by Mr. Mc Nallen is the
main raison d'etre of Folkish Asatru, and the question of those of an ancestry that is not of a Northern European extraction practicing
Asatru:

I think they are sadly deceived if they try to take on my ancestors. They need to look to their own ancestral line, For me, joining any
ancestral religion is not as simple as deciding you're going to join the Elks Lodge or you're going to join the local bridge club. You're
not just joining something that exists right there in that moment in time. What you are really joining is something that includes a whole
line of ancestors. The "we" that we see now, is just the tiny tip of the iceberg. But to take on our soul, to take on that which is an
intimate part of us, is to take on all of those ancestors as well. I don't think that you can just do that arbitrarily. I can never be an
American Indian. I can never be a black man. I don't want to be any of those things. I want to follow my ancestors and my way. Likewise, I would strongly encourage them to do the same."

Wise words indeed! Next we are invited to the world of heathen biker outlaw Valgard Murray and the Asatru Alliance and the well
known "Vor Tru" magazine and the connection to the Odinic Rite. Afterwards,we approach the ground breaking work of Robert N.
Taylor, libertarian Folkish revolutionary and leader of the Tribe of Wulfings, and his upbringing in the streets of Chicago. Further, we
read of the work of Vietnam vet and ex-patriate Max Hyatt and the Wodan's Kindred, based in British Columbia. Following this we read
about Mc Nallen's belief in "Metagenetics" and its connection to the Jungian unconscious and this chapter ends with some of the authors thoughts on tribalism and nationalism.

Chapter seven leads us down a dark foggy tunnel, where we learn of shadowy and secretive groups and persons, in what the author calls the "darkside Asatru", and delves into the links to Satanism and "Occult National Socialism" ….This to me, was the most tabloid
and , well, unsubstantiated aspect of the entire book, although it does gives factual reference to some of the key players in Left Hand Path paganism, from the Church of Satan and La Vey, Michael Moynihan (Blood Axis) and Boyd Rice (NON), to Stephen Flowers (aka "Edred Thorburnrson") and his Temple of Set, Ring of Troth and Rune Gild, to Robert Ward and the "Fifth Path", to the mysterious
White Order of Thule, Kerry Bolton and the Black Order, the Order of Nine Angles, the Pagan Front, and the Heathen Front and the Black Metal subculture, and even the connection between heathenry and Industrial and Noise music. Further the author brushes up the eco-warrior philosophy of many Folkish pagans, but once again, he overdoes himself by choosing to quote various loud mouths instead of giving more tangible evidence of the strong green anarchist role in Folkish heathenry.

Afterwards, chapter eight , entitled, "Globalization,Aryan Paganism, and Romantic Men with Guns"attempts unsuccessful to forge another tenuous link between "America First" ideology and the far right and/or fundamentalism and at this point I was somewhat tired of the bias that the author clogged his otherwise impressive book with, although the author did offer some gems of wisdom pertaining to the distinction between centralization vs. decentralization and multiculturalism vs. monoculturalism which I feel are worth quoting:

"Adding to the left-right binary the centralism-decentralism axis, we get a primary set of four ideal types: right-wing centralism, left-
wing centralism, right-wing decentralism, and left-wing decentralism. This is more accurately representative of important elements shared by the political philosophies of the right and left that aim at centralizing political authority to the top hierarchy of a
totalitarian state administration. Despite the many differences between communism and national socialism, the Soviet Union under
Stalin and national socialist Germany after the Night of the Long Knives still shared essential features; party rule, authoritarian
collectivism, idolization of the leader, nationalization of natural resources, a state-planned economy,severe restrictions of the rights
to exercise freedom of organization and expression, state-run programs of national health, state-controlled education, and state-
sponsored efforts to restore infrastructure. The similarities between left-wing and right-wing ideologies close to the pole of
centralization explain in part the "Red-Brown" alliance prevalent in post-Soviet Russia, phenomenon bewildering to observers accustomed to thinking about Stalinism and Hitlerism as incompatible polar opposites.

At the other end of the axis are left– and right-wing ideologies that ultimately aim at abolishing the authority of the state (Hear
hear!) in favor of a decentralized society in which power is invested in small, autonomous local communities. Groups belonging to the
family of left-wing anarchism accordingly share fundamental traits with groups coming from the tradition of right-wing radical
libertarianism. They are both typically anticommunist and anticapitalist revolutionaries who fight the establishment and
idealize individual freedom and local self-determination.

Green anarchists and anarcho-syndicalists envision a future confederation of self-sufficient, cooperative communities practicing direct democracy along lines quite close to ethnic and racist heathen visions animated by ideals of tribal socialism in the national
syndicalist legacy introduced by Else Christensen. While European fascist and national socialist organizations tend to gravitate toward
the pole of centralism, the more successful American fascist groups cluster at the opposite pole of decentralism. U.S. organizations
built on the "European" national socialist model rarely manage to attract a substantial following. The largest American organization of
the centralized right-wing kind is the National Alliance, which despite its recruitment drives and high media visibility remains
modest in numbers, with an estimated nationwide total of less than 3,000. In comparison, right-wing groups closer to the pole of
decentralism display patterns of perennial (albeit short-lived) success, as evidenced by many populist groups, the Posse
Comitatus, the militia milieu, and racist heathens...

Adding….a third dimension in terms of a continuum between the opposing poles of monoculturalism and multiculturalism completes the
model.Monoculturalism foresees an ideal society exclusive to a certain category of people defined either by race, ethnicity,
religion, or culture, a position that commonly envisions programs for cleansing present society of those considered to be aliens according to the proposed foundation.

Multiculturalism involves no such rules of exclusion as the basis of the ideal society….Thus are formed 8 three-dimensional ideal types of political positions, illustrated as follows by a contemporary political group or tendency:monocultural right-wing centralists (National Alliance); multicultural right-wing centralists (La Rouche); monocultural right-wing decentralists (National Socialist Kindred); multicultural right-wing decentralists (Republic of Texas); monocultural left-wing centralists (Black Panther Party); multicultural left-wing centralists (Revolutionary Communist Party); monocultural left-wing decentralists (American Indian Movement); and multicultural left-wing decentralists (Industrial Workers of the World).

In summation, all sensationalism and journalistic exaggerations aside, this is an unequalled reference book, for ethnic separatists,
tribal socialists, heathens or simply those curious enough to delve deeper than the superficial surface of the subculture of North
American Paganism. The exclusive recorded interviews with the vast bulk of the leaders and prognosticators in the Pagan Revival and the rare references notes are enough reason to own a copy for your personal library….The Gods of the Blood have awakened! Their slumber has ceased!

—— Rory von Dubhdara, The Galactica Publishing Guild

Taras Bulba
Tuesday, March 22nd, 2005, 06:27 PM
Yes my library has this book I believe. There was an incident mentioned how Norse neo-pagans try to assert common origins for certain myths with Native American belief systems.

Allenson
Tuesday, March 22nd, 2005, 07:38 PM
I read it and I would say that its "OK" and not much better.

It deals alot (though not exclusively) with "White Power" knuckleheads who I find to be an odd lot.... ;)

It's worth the read though.

Wulf
Tuesday, March 22nd, 2005, 09:03 PM
"Black Sun" by Nicholas Goodricke-Clarke was a superior book. The subject matter isnt exactly the same, but very similar. Clarke focuses more on individuals whereas Gardell looks at movements.

Anyway, in GOTB, Gardell takes 130 pages describing the "white racist counterculture" before even talking about paganism in depth, while Clarke gives a quick overview of the same thing. Additionally, GOTB has chapters devoted to "anti-racist" pagans as well as Christiani Identity, Satanism, Creativity and other silly little religions. Again, these things are mentioned in Black Sun but Clarke does a better job with it.

Landers
Saturday, November 6th, 2010, 12:57 PM
Mattias Gardell (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mattias_Gardell) is a a liar and a charlatan - See Ron McVan and the Plagiarism Issue (http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?t=136309).