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Glenlivet
Thursday, December 2nd, 2004, 12:48 PM
Ingaevones, North Sea Germans (Ingwäonen, Nordsee-Germanen in German):

http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Ingvaeones
http://encyclopedia.thefreedictionary.com/Ingvaeonic

Ingwäonen:

"Zu den Ingwäonen sollen Friesen, Angeln, Sachsen und Jüten gehört haben."

http://www.sungaya.de/schwarz/germanen/geographie/ingwaonen.htm

"Nordsee‑Germanen (Friesen, Angeln, Sachsen)"

http://www.wolfgang.richardt.info/7-1.htm

One could also add the Cherusker and the Chauken, who were in the region that Saxons later settled.

Ingvaeonic

Ingvaeonic is (according to one theory) a subset of West Germanic (WGmc) (http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~marisal/ie/wgmc.html) , perhaps corresponding to a putative ancestor of English, Dutch and Frisian, which might have existed in western Europe in the early part of the first millennium AD.

It is characterised by the following main innovations:

* Loss of the nasal consonant in groups /mf/ /ns/ /nth/, with compensatory lengthening and nasalisation of the preceding vowel eg. Old English go:s, German gans "goose"; OE fi:f, Ger fuenf "five"
* Merger of the three persons of the plural in all verb form


Ingvaeonic
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English Frisian Dutch

http://www.chiark.greenend.org.uk/~marisal/ie/ingv.html