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Fraxinus Excelsior
Sunday, October 10th, 2004, 05:26 AM
The New Netherland Project (http://www.nnp.org/)

About The New Netherland Project:

For over twenty years the New Netherland Project has been translating the remains of the archives of New Netherland (ca. 12,000 pages). Our primary objective is to place the documentary evidence for a balanced analysis and assessment of the Dutch colony in the hands of American scholars who are unable to read seventeenth-century Dutch. However, experience has shown us that it is equally important to make this source material accessible to the general public in order to tell the story of the impact of the Dutch in American colonial history. The Project does this in several ways: through a newsletter, De Nieu Nederlanse Marcurius, which is distributed by our support organization The Friends of New Netherland (ca. 400 members world wide); through an annual conference (open to the general public) called the Rensselaerswijck Seminar, which invites five speakers to the Cultural Education Center in Albany to present their latest research on a specific aspect of the Dutch experience in North America; through the development and distribution of curricula concerning New Netherland for use in secondary schools (4th and 7th grades). The Project's latest initiative is an affiliation with the University at Albany, which will establish a program to offer courses on Dutch history and the history of New Netherland. The Project will play a central role in the development and management of this program. Thus the NNP is attempting to reach the widest audience possible, from secondary schools to higher education, from the interested general public to research scholars.

+Suomut+
Friday, November 5th, 2004, 05:47 AM
Below is information on the old New Netherland Colony in 17th Century America. My primary source of information on all of the below has been The Encyclopedia Americana, 1957, s.v....various (specifics available upon request).

http://forums.skadi.net/attachment.php?attachmentid=21676&stc=1 http://forums.skadi.net/attachment.php?attachmentid=14473&stc=1

New Netherland 1615-1664


The Dutch in the Hudson Valley.--As the [English] Puritan towns multiplied, their people became increasingly conscious of Dutch neighbors in the Hudson Valley and on Long Island. Holland had been drawn to America by reason of a long, intense war with Spain. Seven Dutch provinces had formed the United Netherlands in 1579, in order to free themselves from Spanish rule. A seafaring people, the Dutch attacked Spain's sources of wealth in the New World. When the war was to be renewed in 1621, the Dutch governement chartered the Dutch West India Company (q.v.), granting it a monopoly of the trade between western Africa and the eastern coasts of the Americas. It also received the right to establish colonies. Commencing in the early 1620's, the company established small settlements on the Hudson and Delaware rivers: Fort Amsterdam/[i]Nieuw Amsterdam (New York City). Fort Orange (Albany), and Fort Nassau (opposite the present site of Philadelphia). These and subsequent settlements made up the colony of New Netherland with Fort Amsterdam its capital.


The Dutch retained New Netherland only 40 years. It did not become a strong colony and was easily conquered by England in 1664. The Dutch West India Company was not an effective colonizing agency. Conceived largely as an instrument of war, it spent most of its energies in fighting the Spaniards in the Caribbean. Because the Dutch were not a migrating people, the company had to admit settlers from many lands, with the result that their sense of loyalty to Holland was weak. Moreover, the company imposed an arbitrary, undemocratic government upon the people, thereby causing much discontent and failing to attract to the colony men who sought freedom. Nor did the Dutch company make land available to ordinary farmers on easy terms. Preoccupation with the fur trade caused a dispersion of settlement, dissipated the strength of the colony, and embroiled it in strife with the Indians. A sanguinary Indian war in 1643 nearly destroyed the enterprise.


New Jersey.--England's conquest of New Netherland in 1664 added to its list of colonies. In that year Charles II gave the Dutch territories in North America to his brother, James, the duke of York. This grant included Long Island, the land between the Delaware and Connecticut rivers, and the area between the St. Croix and the Kennebec rivers, with a northwesterly extension to the St. Lawrence River. New Netherland then became New York.




Cf. the New Sweden Colony in 17th Cent. America here: http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?p=216667#post216667 .

+Suomut+
Friday, November 5th, 2004, 10:09 PM
Moreover on this topic, cf. also here, http://forums.skadi.net/showthread.php?p=181212#post181212 , which includes a map of the New Netherland Colony here: http://forums.skadi.net/attachment.php?attachmentid=21319 .