View Full Version : Frisians In The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Thursday, April 7th, 2011, 02:54 PM
Below are some of the Frisians (whom I can recall) mentioned in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle for the year (ca.) 897 A.D. ...first in Anglo-Saxon ( http://asc.jebbo.co.uk/d/d-L.html , mid-page):

"...a het lfred cyning timbrian lange scipu ongean as sceas, a wron fulneah twa swa lange swa a ore, sume hfdon .lx. ara, sume ma, a wron ger ge swiftran ge untealran ge eac hearra onne a oru, nron hi nawr ne on Frysisc gesceapen ne on Denisc, butan swa him sylfum uhte t hi nytwyre be on meahton. a t sumen cyrre s ilcan geares com r .vi. scipu to Wiht, 7 r mycel yfel gedydon, gr ge on Defenum ge hwelhwr be am sriman. a het se cyning faran mid nigonum to ara niwra scipa, 7 forforon him onne muan foran on utermere, 7 a wforon hi mid .iii. scipum ut ongean hi, 7 .iii. stodon t ufeweardum am muan on drygum, wron a mn up on lande of agane. a gefengon hy ara reora scipa twa t am muan uteweardum, 7 a mn ofslogon, 7 t an owand, on am wron eac a men ofslgene butan .v., a comon for y onweg e ara oera scipu ston, on a healfe s deopes a Dniscan scipu aston wran, 7 a, oru ealle on ore healfe, t hire ne meahte nan to orum. Ac t t wter ws aebbod fela furlange fram am scipum, a eodon a Deniscean fram am orum scipum to am orum rim e on heora healfe wron beebbode, 7 hi a r gefuhton. ear wear ofslgen Luceman s cynges gerefa, 7 Wulfheard Frysa, 7 Ebba Frysa, 7 elera Frysa, 7 elfer cynges geneat, 7 ealra manna Frysiscra 7 ngliscra .lxii., 7 ara Deniscra .cxx.. a com am Dniscan scipum eah r flod to, r a Cristenan meahton hira ut ascufan, 7 hi for i ut oreowan. a wron hi to am gegaderode t hi ne meahton Suseaxena land utan berowan, ac hyra r twa s on land wearp, 7 a men mon ldde to Wiltunceastre to am cyninge, 7 he hi r ahon het..."

...and second in modern English ( http://www.northvegr.org/histories%20and%20chronicles/the%20anglo-saxon%20chronicle/002_06.html , upper-page):

"...Then King Alfred gave orders for building long ships against the esks, which were full-nigh twice as long as the others. Some had sixty oars, some more; and they were both swifter and steadier, and also higher than the others. They were not shaped either after the Frisian or the Danish model, but so as he himself thought that they might be most serviceable. Then, at a certain turn of this same year, came six of their ships to the Isle of Wight; and going into Devonshire, they did much mischief both there and everywhere on the seacoast. Then commanded the king his men to go out against them with nine of the new ships, and prevent their escape by the mouth of the river to the outer sea. Then came they out against them with three ships, and three others were standing upwards above the mouth on dry land: for the men were gone off upon shore. Of the first three ships they took two at the mouth outwards, and slew the men; the third veered off, but all the men were slain except five; and they too were severely wounded. Then came onward those who manned the other ships, which were also very uneasily situated. Three were stationed on that side of the deep where the Danish ships were aground, whilst the others were all on the opposite side; so that none of them could join the rest; for the water had ebbed many furlongs from them. Then went the Danes from their three ships to those other three that were on their side, be-ebbed; and there they then fought. There were slain Lucomon, the king's reve, and Wulfheard, a Frieslander; Ebb, a Frieslander, and []thelere, a Frieslander; and Ethelferth, the king's neat-herd; and of all the men, Frieslanders and English, sixty-two; of the Danes a hundred and twenty. The tide, however, reached the Danish ships ere the Christians could shove theirs out; whereupon they rowed them out; but they were so crippled, that they could not row them beyond the coast of Sussex: there two of them the sea drove ashore; and the crew were led to Winchester to the king, who ordered them to be hanged...."

Take note above in this amphibious battle that ca. twice as many Danish-Vikings were slain compared to the Anglo-Frisian force, which attests to the fact that the Angles, Saxons, and Frisians 'gave as good as they got' in violence against Vikings...lest anyone think that the Vikings were 'invincible.'

Also, these listed individual Frieslanders/Frisians/Frysiscra: Wulfheard ('wolf-army?', perchance), Ebb, and thelere may have been or surely were noble Frisians to have been mentioned in the Chronicle, regardless, they are some of the earliest Frisians mentioned by their given-names in the historical record.

Additionally, Alfred The Great was the 'father' of the English (Royal) Navy in which Frisians played an important role in developing due to their sea-faring skills, which were, apparently, a little above those of the Anglo-Saxons.