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Windsor
Friday, August 20th, 2010, 09:03 AM
Aryans/Indo-Europeans and Hebrews
The invasions of the Aryans took place in waves over a period of up to three thousand years according to standard archaeology.

The invasions of the historical period are attested to by literature and artifacts, and are agreed upon by scholars. Those of prehistoric times are suggested by speculative etymological connections. What is most significant in the historic records is that these Northern invaders viewed themselves as a very superior people.

They were aggressive and continually in conflict with not only the peoples they conquered, but among themselves as well. Their coming revolutionized the art of war. They introduced the horse-drawn chariot, and the charioteer became a new aristocracy.

Strangely, it is in the accounts of the Aryans that we find the original religious ideas of the Hebrews. There is the mountain-top god who blazes with light; there is the duality between light and darkness symbolized as good and evil; there is the myth of the male deity defeating the serpent; and there is the supreme leadership of a ruling class: the priestly Levites. All of these are to be found in both the Indo-European and Hebrew religious concepts and politics!

The Indo-European patterns were either adopted by the Hebrews, or the Hebrews were Indo-Europeans from the start. But, the end result was that the same ideas and attitudes were later adopted by Christianity.

The name of the Hebrews as Yehudi, or Judah, is rather close to the Sanskrit word for warrior: Yuddha

http://www.cassiopaea.org/cass/grail_5.htm
www.cassiopaea.org/cass/wave13c.htm
http://www.slis.ualberta.ca/feminism/betsy/The%20Goddess.htm
http://www.dhushara.com/book/renewal/voices2/eisler.htm

Evidence gleaned from the early Books of the Bible has shown connections between the Luvites (the priestly caste of the Indo-Europeans) and the Levites of the Hebrews. The Books of the Old Testament , Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy describe the Levites as a very exclusive group, the only ones who were acceptable to be included as members of the priesthood of YHVH.

A modern scholar, Merlin Stone, has pointed out the close relation of the name to the Sanskrit word yahvah, "everflowing," which seems like a fair description of the fire and smoke that continually emit from Mt. Sinai when the Lord is present there.

The Israelite religion and worship of YHVH have close connections to the Indo-European Gods. Both use mountains, fire, and storms as symbols. Both believe in the good of light and evil of darkness.

Both societies are heavily caste structured and led by a superior group of priests. In fact, Stone believes the Levites, the Hebrew priest caste, were a branch of an Indo-European priest caste called the Luvites. Even the word YHVH comes from a Sanskrit word yahvah, or overflowing.

Another similarity in the two religions concerns the serpent. In the Old Testament, writers mention YHVH's defeat of the sea serpent Leviathan. This serpent also rears its head in many Indo-European myths. However, though the Indo-European God tolerated the Goddess, YHVH did not. He ordered his people to destroy altars and idols, to stone women practicing the sacred sexual customs. The Hebrews labeled the Goddess and her priestesses as whores and prostitutes. Laws regarding rape switched from punishing the rapist to blaming and punishing the victim, often by death. Stoning was the penalty for women who lost their virginity outside of marriage, no matter the circumstances. Women could not serve in the temple. Inheritance and genealogy now followed the father's line. Women became property, useful only in their roles as breeders and servants. With the arrival of these new laws, the Israelite people, especially the Levites, gained much. Stone believes that the Hebrew destroyed the Goddess for more economical and political reasons than ethical ones. The new law gave to men the property once owned and the power once wielded by the priestesses. In their seat of power, the Levites created the Genesis explanation of the universe's origins. Eve, by succumbing to the temptations of the serpent (the Goddess) caused the fall of "man." Her punishment was subservience to her husband and the pain of childbirth. No longer was procreation a joyful celebration of all the Goddess had given. It was now a painful reminder of woman's folly and sin.

http://www.brightok.net/~kellimcb/goddess.htm

RECOMMENDED READING

Veda and Torah: Transcending the Textuality of Scripture by Barbara A. Holdrege State University of New York Press (December 1995)

Merlin Stone, When God Was a Woman (Harvest/Harcourt Brace, New York 1976)

Thorwolf
Thursday, September 2nd, 2010, 02:04 AM
The jews have stolen thier monotheistic beleifs from other people, just as they have done with many other things.

they used to worship other gods, equal to yhwh [baal,malek] and countless others that I care nothing about.

Their Talmud is of Babylonian origins.

Dunkelchen
Friday, April 1st, 2011, 05:59 AM
As far as I know a lot of the concepts they became central to Judaism were taken from Zoroastrianism, at a time when the Jews were banished from Israel and settled in Babylon (?), ruled at the time by rather benevolent Persians. Impressed by the Persian culture, and influenced by it, early Judaism incorporated many of the monotheistic and light & dark/good & evil elements of Zoroastrianism.
I've heard some claim Judaism as the oldest monotheistic religion, which is blatantly not true. I suppose though, it might be called the oldest truly surviving monotheistic religion.
Anyway, it's strikes me as an interesting topic, and interesting too in that one of the biggest influences on the modern Abrahamic religions was indeed as religion spread by Indo-Europeans.