View Full Version : Aesir-Asura Correspondence

Sunday, September 16th, 2007, 05:19 AM
"In the early Vedic mythological material the highest and most venerated gods were called the Asuras (Ęsir). As time, and the loss of racial integrity, progressed, however, the term Asura became degraded until today (and for many centuries past) the Asuras have become the opponents of the present-day Hindu pantheon, a natural enough occurrence in organic religion."
- Circle of Ostara

From Wikipedia:
Source (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aesir-Asura_correspondence)

Aesir-Asura correspondence is the relation between ęsir, an Old Norse word meaning "gods" (the plural of the singular word įss "god") and įsuraḥ, a Sanskrit word referring to certain warlike and aggressive demons. Also related is the Avestan word ahura, found as the title of the god Ahura Mazda.


The Proto-Germanic form of Old Norse įss, deduced by comparison to other Germanic languages, living and dead, is *ansuz. The plural of this Proto-Germanic word was *ansiwiz, which by regular sound changes into ęsir.

The word įsuraḥ can be postulated to come from Proto-Indo-Iranian *n̩suras, where *n̩su- is the zero-grade form equivalent to the Gemanic *ansu-, both from a Proto-Indo-European root *H2ensu-. In Sanskrit, įsuḥ (PIIr *n̩sus) means "vital spirit" or "life", and is presumably related, suggesting a common meaning "spirit".


Both words describe a family of divine beings, the Ęsir is the pantheon of the principal Norse gods, and Asuras are a group of Hindu demons. Each group is set up against another group of gods; the Ęsir warred with the Vanir, whereas the Asuras oppose the devas. In Norse mythology the Ęsir are generally approved of (and worshipped) while the asuras have a more negative reputation in the Indian religions. However, the use of ahura to refer to the greatest god of Zoroastrianism implies that the word once had more favorable connotations.

The relationship between the Ęsir and Vanir parallel the Asuras and Devas in another way; like the Ęsir, the Asuras were associated in Vedic myth with human phenomena (contracts, the arts, fate), while the Vanir, like the Devas, are associated with the natural world (such as Njord and Freyr, associated with fertility).