View Full Version : Irminism's Gods and Goddesses

Monday, February 20th, 2006, 08:28 PM
An interesting index of them

Below is a list of Gods, Goddesses and other divine beings, along with brief descriptions of each
...this is obviously not provided as a detailed study, but rather, a quick-reference guide...

An- Anglicized or 'common' rendering.
Alt- Alternative spelling
Lat- Latin or Latinate spelling
OHG- Old High German

Balder [An Balder] Balder is the beloved son of Wodan and Frija. In the mythology, he is treasured as the ‘best’, ‘brightest’, and most beautiful of all Gods. He is the God of joy and peace and the very epitome of all that is good and hale, of all that which is pure, holy and uncorrupted. Balder is consort to Nanda; their son is Forsizo, who is likewise famed for his goodness.

Balthorn [An Bolthorn] Balthorn is the father of Wodan's mother, Bezzia

Berchte [OHG Perahta] A regional name of Holda, originating in Upper Germany.

Bezzia [An Bestla] Bezzia is Paru's wife and Wodan's mother.

Brego [An Bragi] This son of Wodan is renown as a God of poetry and eloquence, and like his father, for his skills as a harpsman. He is the minna-singer of Walhalla, and is revered as the patron of those who hold that role amoung Men.

Donar [An Thor] Throughout the ages, this son of Wodan (with Erda) and husband of Sibba has remained amoung the most popular of Gods. The extraordinary distribution of place-names attributed to Donar attest to his popularity -the frequency is second only to those named for Wodan. Unrivalled in strength, Donar is the embodiment of pure, raw might- a power which can be felt upon the intense air of thunderstorms, and seen with each flash of lightning. He is the supporter of society, and protector of Gods
and Men alike.

Eger [An Aegir] Eger draws his lineage of Giant-kind, not of the Gods, proper- he is the embodiment of the sea, of its awesome capabilities, raw power and life. He is the husband of Rahana, and father of the Nine Wave-Mothers of Heimo. Eger is the greatest of brewers, and is renown for the hospitality of his hall (of self-illuminating gold), particularly that paid to the Gods whom he entertains regularly. Eger is master over the churning waves and weather upon the ocean, and is famed for his skills in soothing the raging flood and gale.

Era [An Eira] Era is known in the Norse sources as the ‘best’ or ‘greatest’ of healers. She is the patroness of physicians and providers of health, presiding over all aspects of the healing arts.

Erda [An Earth] Erda is the personification of the earth (named in the Old Norse sources as Jörð) and mother of Donar (with Wodan).

Folla [An Fulla]- Frija’s sister, Folla is (according to Snorri) Frija’s 'closest attendant and confidant'. Folla is known from eldritch times as a 'Goddess of Plenty'. Her name is related to the Gothic fullo ('that which fills'), which literally translates as 'the Filler' or the 'Life-giver’. In some parts of Germany, she is still remembered as Abundia, the living personification of the very ‘fullness of the earth’.

Forsizo [An Forseti] Forsizo is the son of Balder and Nanda. He was / is the patron of the Frisians, and so is held in a particularly high regard amoung them. His attributes include the responsibility of Nobility, wealth, and law. He is renown for his fairness in legal affairs and skills in arbitration and
compromise. Forsizo is thoroughly even-handed in such matters, and one who is best called upon for any settlement in which an even fairness (of treatment or result) is desired for all parties involved.

Frija [An Frigg] While Frouwa seems to enjoy the greatest popularity within preserved mythological sources, it is undoubtedly Frija who is highest of all Goddesses. Frija is the wife of Wodan and queen of Ensigart (An Asgard). She knows all Urlag and what is to come, though never speaks of those dooms and wisdoms. Amoung the folk, Frija is known as a Matron of good, strong marriage, childbirth and child rearing, as well as the various necessary crafts of the home- spinning is especially attributed to her care, and the distaff / spindle are long-held symbols of the beloved Goddess from Heathen times.

The Frouwa [An Freya] see Walburga Frouwa.

Garta [An Gerda] While Garta is often venerated as a Goddess, she isn’t properly one of the Gods, but a Giantess of immense beauty and radiance. According to the accounts given in the Poetic Edda, Ing Fro’s eventual winning of her hand in marriage was far from easy, and came ultimately as a result of the threat of a powerful curse. This has led scholars to associate her icy demeanor to winter’s hard grip upon the arable land, and the reluctant winning of her ‘affection’ as symbolic of the thaw that accompanies the transition of the seasons- from winter into spring (or summer).

Grida [An Grid] This Giantess is Widar's mother and a friend and help to the Gods. She is known for her strength, and the powerful accouterments she keeps: a Girdle of might, iron gloves and a magnificent
rod or staff which is rumored to be indestructible.

Hadu [An Hoder] Hadu is the blind God of war, a God of brute strength and force. His blindness is often equated with the non-judgment or the blind wrath of battle. Such a comparison does reflect the character of the God in mythological sources that do in fact depict him as being free of particular malice or evil mindset. Hadu is said (in Nordic accounts) to have unintentionally delivered the fatal blow which sent his brother, Balder to Hella’s hall (at Locho's instigation and guidance).

Heimo [An Heimdall] The Eternal Watcher is a son of Wodan and the Nine Waves, the daughters of Eger and Rahana. Heimo is the trusted and able sentry who wards Ensigart and the bridge that connects the shining realm of the Gods to the world of man. He requires little or no sleep and can see
for countless leagues by day or night. As the divine hero Iring, he walked amoung our most ancient fathers, and laid the foundations for the various tribal cultures. Heimo gifted them with social order, civilization, and runes.

Hella [An Hel] Hella is the daughter of Locho and ruler of the Underworld, or realm of the Dead: Hellaheim. She welcomes all those who die and are unworthy of the higher abodes of the Gods- which, is to say the majority of Mankind. This in itself isn't bad- and is truly the natural course within the scheme of things, though is certainly something that has been basely twisted by later Christian writers into something more fitting of horror fiction.

Herimuot [An Hermod] This son of Wodan is the swift and sure messenger of the Gods. Herimuot is famous for his courage and determination- traits which allow him to act boldly and without the slightest bit of hesitation in carrying out his duties, with resolute firmness even in the face of grave danger, harm, or imminent death!

Holda [An Hulda] Despite the ill treatment we see of the Goddess in later legends (which often depict her as cruel, ugly / physically deformed or malicious), Holda is in fact a kindly, gracious and helpful Goddess -as indicated by the root meaning of her name (OHG hold: inclined, devoted, gracious, kind). She is strongly associated to the labors of the home and housekeeping, and the home-crafts of women, spinning in particular. Holda gifted mankind with flax, the knowledge and skills of its production / processing, and it is she who wards its cultivation and harvest.

Holle [Frau Holle] This name is a later derivative of Holda; See Holda

Ing Fro [An Frey] The Frouwa's twin brother is Lord of the Earth, and a God of fertility and prosperity. He is strongly associated to the Being and maintenance of fridu (frith) and the institution of Sacral Kingship -a characteristic he shares with Wodan. As the lore tells us, he was given Alpaheim -The Home of the Elves- as a gift for having gotten his first tooth, and so he presides over the Elves as their King. His wife is the bright and beautiful Giantess, Garta.

Iring [An Rig] see Heimo.

Irmin A name of Wodan: see the article Irmin and the Irminsul.

Locho [An Loki] Locho is a complex and cunning Giant- he is said to be quite fair in appearance, but capricious in manner, with a heart full of chaos. In the myths, he is at times presented as being less-than-malicious in his tomfoolery, or even helpful in some situations. More typical, he keeps true to his anarchic nature, and at times can be outright sinister in his motives, dealing grave evil and hardship to the Gods. Contrary to thoroughly modern pseudo-Heathen trends, Locho never enjoyed a votive following or cult, nor was he ever offered sacrifice. No horn or cup was lifted to him, and there are no place-names which recall centers of his worship (or reverence, for that matter) in any region of Europe.

Mano [An Mani] Mano is the son of Mundilfaro and brother of Sunna. He drives the wain which carries the Moon across the sky of Night, and is considered to be the embodiment of its Holy might.

Mimi [An Mimir] Mimi is the brother of Wodan's Giantess-Mother, Bezzia and the keeper of one of the three levels of the tripartite Well of Wurt: the Well of Memory (Mimesbrunno). He is known to have taught Wodan great and mystical wisdoms and magical formulae, furthering his own immense store
of Knowledge by drinking daily from the timeless spring which remains in his charge.

Mundilfaro [An Mundilfari] Mundilfaro is a celestial being who governs the turning of the skies and the wheeling of Heavenly bodies upon their due courses or orbits. His name is relative to such a function, suggesting the movement or revolution of the handle of the mill (Ice möndull)- in this case, the mythical Word-Mill (OHG Weltmulin): the apparatus which gives motion to sea currents and cosmic circuits. Snorri names him as the father of Sunna and Mano.

Nanda [An Nanna] Nanda is the wife of Balder and mother of Forsizo. Her name indicates boldness and a willingness to dare or strive, and true to her character, there is a heart of strength and courage which underlies the gentleness of her subtle disposition. This is in stark contrast to the impression we are given by Snorri in his accounts, particularly in his narration of the myth of Balder’s death (in which the Christian skald tells of her dying from sheer grief at the loss of her beloved). Nanda’s fortitude demands
a resolve to strive forward, to continue despite loss and hardship- so too, we might expect such a Bold Goddess to willingly walk alongside her husband, even into the darkest of shadows- to remain with him in ‘death’ as she had done so in ‘life’! Nanda shines as the epitome of feminine courageousness, unwavering loyalty, and nobility of heart.

Nehalennia Nehalennia seems to have been a regional Goddess of the early Frisians, though some scholars speculate that she was in fact a deified meriwife (water-sprite). Carvings of her support the claim for a Goddess- inscriptions depict her with symbols characteristic of Mother-deities, or of Goddesses known for their support in fertility and / or the prosperity of the folk. These include apples or fruit, loaves, baskets, and (presumably) hunting hounds. In some representations, Nehalennia is pictured alongside a
ship-prow. The ship (and the later wagon) is a staple of Wanic fertility processions, and many scholars feel that this furthers her link to fertility, and perhaps draws a connection to the Wana as well; others suggest that it may also represent her warding of the Frisian sailors upon the seas.

Nirda [An Nerthus] Nirda is Nirdu's sister and mother of Ing Fro and Walburga Frouwa. Like her brother, she is strongly associated with frith, fertility and fertility rites. Together, Nirda and Nirdu govern the prosperity and wealth of men, fecundity of the land and good harvests.

Nirdu [An Njord] The King of the Wana is Nirda’s brother, and father to Ing Fro and Walburga Frouwa. He was directly responsible for bringing the primeval war between the Gods to an end, and in establishing frith between the two tribes. Down through the ages, Heathen have remembered him for this monumental feat, and to this day, still call upon him for peace. Nirdu has sway over the fertility of the land, success of crops and wealth of men, though his main attribute remains the dominion over the prosperity and blessings gotten from the seas. This connection is recalled in the name of his home, Scefstat -literally, Ship Stead. Nirdu was married to the risiwife (giantess), Scata at one point, though after each failed to adjust to
life at the homestead of the other, the marriage dissolved. Nirdu can be found in the genealogy of Swedish Kings -according to some sources, he was their first ruler; in others, he is listed subsequent to Ing Fro.

Ostara [An Idun] The wife of Brego is the Goddess of the radiant dawn, of the strengthening might which empowers the waxing light of the day. She is a goddess of renewal and rebirth, and so a fitting
Matron of Spring (early summer) and the regeneration of life and fertility which comes with the return of the growing season. Ostara’s patronage over fertility and regeneration goes beyond that as known and enjoyed
in Mittigart, spanning into the divine realm of the Gods themselves- in this, Ostara (Idun or Iðunn to the Scandinavians) is said to keep the treasured apples which grace the Gods with immortality. The apples, of course are merely a mythic representation of the primordial seeds of life and generative / regenerative ability, the source of life and ‘life germination’ which Ostara bears within her very Being!

Paltar An alternate Old High German spelling of Balder.

Paru [An Bor] Paru is the son of Poro and husband to the giantess, Bezzia (Balthorn’s daughter). Together, they have three sons, Wodan, Willo, and Wih.

Phol An alternate (perhaps Latinate) and abbreviated from of Balder (Palter) found in the first line of the second charm from Merseberg. In the manuscript, the name was originally given as Pol. The h was scribbled in above the o (and in smaller character), and so is obviously a later insertion. Properly rendered, the name would remain as Pol as derived from Pal = Paltar or Balder.

Poro [An Buri] Poro is the progenitor of all the Race of Gods. He was shaped out of the solidification of primal ur-matter, the solidification of potential and energy. As is recounted in the myths, Poro was born
from Odhumbal’s licking at the rime which collected within Ginentigruba. He would later produce a son, Paru, the father of Wodan, Willo, and Wih.

Rahana [An Ran] Rahana is the covetous Giant-wife of Eger who draws within her net those lost at sea. She stirs up the tempests that swallow ships beneath the angry waves, or shatters their hulls against
the jagged rocks lurking beneath the swells. In stormy or troubled waters, sailors of old would hide gold pieces upon their person as payment for her hospitality in the event that they should be drowned. Nordic customs tell us that when those lost at sea showed themselves at the funeral feast, it was a sign that Rahana had indeed given them a glad and welcome reception.

Saga [An Saga] Saga is the daughter of Wodan and Frija and Goddess of history, historical chronicles, and myth. Where Wodan is known for his gift of Wode, Saga is known to teach men the skills necessary to effectively utilize it in weaving the crafty spells which preserve the holy and living accounts of our Gods and folk.

Scata [An Skadi] This Giantess was elevated to the status of a Goddess at an early date- skalds have long called her the Goddess of the ski and snowshoe, and is a well-known bow-wife and huntress. These characteristics, along with her name -meaning shadow- point to a mistress or Goddess of the darker half of the year: winter. She was once married to Nirdu, though not too happily. Neither could suffer to live at the abode of the other, so they tried staying at each for nine nights apiece. Nirdu disliked the mountain terrain of Scata’s estate, and was abhorred by the crying of the wolves. Scata, for her own part despised the song of the gulls, and couldn’t sleep for the noise of the harbor. In the end, they failed in trying to bridge
the chasm of their differences, and eventually parted.

Sibba [An Sif]- Sibba is the wife of Donar and mother of Wuldar. Sibba’s name is cognate to the Gothic sibja -both OHG and Go. Forms indicate a relation by blood, kindred and peace; from the OHG root comes MiHG and MoHG Sippe- kindred, blood-relation, clan. As Donar wards and supports society, Sibba is responsible for the kindred or clans (OHG sippâ; MoHG Sippen) within that society - she ensures their prosperity and well-being, gifting them with a true realization of frith: the peace, comfort and security which lies at the root of each -a firm foundation for the joy, strength, and furtherance which can only come from a hale and prosperous sippa.

[B]Sindgund [Alt Sinthgund] The only mention of Sindgund comes from the second of the Merseberg charms, where she is named as a sister to Sunna. The components of her name offer some insight to her character: the first element, sind indicates travel, a path or course, or as in gi-sindo: comrade or traveling companion. The terminal element or ‘ending’ (gund) suggests battle or conflict. If we consider the eleventh verse from Wodan’s rune poem {…if I should lead old friends to battle / under the shield
I sing / and with power / they fare hale into battle / and hale from battle / and hale wherever they are} and its connection to the Rune SIG (a solar rune signifying the power of the sun, a rune of hale-being, victory, and obvious warding) we are offered an understanding of Sindgund as Sunna’s shoulder companion - the shield maiden who accompanies the Sun-Goddess in her fairing, holding the buckler that protects her from the searing heat of the star’s fire -a Goddess of warding, perhaps associated with war
and a provider of safe passage and protection in both travel and battle.

Sunia [An Syn]- Sunia is a keeper of truth, and is concerned with the furtherance and maintaining of justice. She is particularly known for coming to the aid of defendants at trial or Thing -protecting the wrongfully accused or attacked in such settings. Further, she is a keeper of the door of the Hall, denying access to all those who are unfit, unworthy, or likewise unwelcome to enter.

Sunna Sunna is the resplendently beautiful Goddess who drives the wain that ferries the burning sphere of the sun across the sky. She follows her brother, Mano in due course accompanied by her sister Sindgund.

Wachilt [MoHG Frau Wachild] Wachilt is a maiden of the waves, a mistress of the watery depths. She is Wado’s mother, and ancestress to Weland and Witugouwo (Weland’s son). She is known to be wise in the lore and craft of Healing, and to have blessed her son, Wado with her wisdoms.

Wado [An Wade] Wado is the son of the meriwife Wachilt and father of Weland, the infamous, mythic master of smiths and smith craft. While often referred to by his gigantic build, Wado was properly the offspring of the union of Water-sprite and Man. His father, Wilcinus was a king from the Baltic region who seduced Wachilt during a chance meeting in wood near the coast. Wado had long white hair and beard as is characteristic of the nichus (water-sprite), and was said to be skilled in healing arts (which he learned
from his mother, Wachilt). As legend tells us, Wado (with his young son mounted upon his shoulders) once waded across Groena Sound as he made his way to the halls of the Black Elves, where he sought fosterage
for Wieland. Here, by their hands, Wado would later meet his untimely demise. His grave can still be found in the northeast of Yorkshire, England.

Walburga Frouwa [An Freya] Walburga Frouwa is Ing Fro’s twin sister, and most popular of all Goddesses among Heathen of eldritch times as well as today. In the Norse sources, Walburga Frouwa is named strictly by her title (Freya) as is her brother Ing Fro (Frey): Lady and Lord, respectively, and its from this association of name that Wicca’s ‘Lord and Lady’ is drawn. The Frouwa is infamous for her abilities at magan-craft and witching, and its of no surprise to find her as the patroness of witches, and the center of praise on Walburganaht (a long-standing witches’ holiday). Walburga Frouwa’s
wain is drawn by cats, which are thought to be sacred to her -the popular image of a witch accompanied by a (black) cat originates from the association of the felines to the Goddess.

Wara [An Var]- Wara hears the words spoken between women and men, and marks well the promises made between them. She is a patroness of the faithfulness of marriage, a keeper of plighted troth and vows and of the honesty (or lack-thereof) and true heart of such words of binding.

Weland [MHG Wieland; An Weyland, Volund] Wado's son is the master of smiths and smith craft. His abilities have earned him quite a high regard over the ages, and he seems to enjoy a rather deified place among today’s Heathen / Heathen craftsmen. Even in ancient times, he was renown far and wide for the unsurpassed excellence of his work, and the unrivalled beauty of his finery. He is a descendent of Wachilt, and father of the renown Gothic hero, Witugouwo (Go. Vidigoia).

Widar [An Vidar] Widar is the silent son of Wodan by the Giantess, Grida. He is renown for his unwavering sense of duty and dependability, especially in times of trial or need- even the Gods themselves will often turn to his assistance in difficult or trying situations! According to the myths, Widar possesses an exceptional shoe made from the leather trimmings that are cut from each pair of new shoes as the cobbler fashions the heel and toe. Craftsmen who wish to aid the Gods in their Doom must
discard these scraps, as it has been done since ancient times.
He will avenge his father's death at Godotuom (Götterdämmerung).

Wodan [An Odin] Wodan is foremost (and unquestionably the most complex) of all Gods and King of Ensigart. He is a master of wisdoms and runes, and expert in all manner of magan-crafts. Before the dawning of time, Wodan and his brothers Willo and Wih shaped the great All: These sons of Paru and Bezzia slew the primordal Giant, Urgelmer and cast his body into Ginentigruba -The Yawning Chasm that lay between the 'zones' or realms of primal ice and fire. From Urgelmer's corpse, the brothers shaped the world: These brothers slew Urgelmer, and cast his body into Ginentigruba , which in that most ancient of eras, did lay between the Northern and Southern Zones- at the center of the chaos that was. From Urgelmer’s corpse, Wodan, Willo, and Wih shaped the world - from his flesh was made the first layer
of fertile soil; from Urgelmer’s bones was formed the mountains, and from his teeth and splintered fragments (of bone) was shaped the rocks and rough places of the earth. Urgelmer’s blood was used to fill the sea and other watery places, and from his skull was fashioned the sky; his brains were used to make the first clouds, his hair was used to create the forests which cover the lands. Wodan, Willo, and Wih then cast burning sparks (gotten out of Muspilliheim into the sky - which today, are the stars which bespeckle the heavens at night; from larger glowing embers, they made the sun and moon. Wodan is a God of War and Lord of Walhalla, The Hall of the Slain in which his chosen heroes reside. He is master of Wode - that which constitutes the ‘greater’ or ‘higher passions’, governing heightened states of personal awareness and self such as agony, ecstasy, and rage. It is the very source of that which feeds and drives ‘divine madness’ or ‘divine inspiration’. The wode can be experienced through altered states, such as in certain trance and ‘active’ meditational workings or ordeal, and once stimulated, is utilized in shamanic functions and in bringing on the berserker’s rage -though doing so requires refined skills of control and a well-disciplined will. This stimulation is to be literally ‘possessed by the wode’, and is more reflective of the Gothic wóþs in this sense.

Zisa Scandinavian sources acknowledge a wife of Ziu, though she is nowhere named. Among the Germans, however, we find a Goddess (seemingly unfamiliar to their Norse cousins) known as Zisa (Lat Cizae), whose name is the feminine variant of the masculine Ziu. The Roman chronicle, Excerptum ex Gallica provides us with at least one place-name attributed to her, Cizarim and also preserves an interesting account of a human sacrifice offered to Zisa for victory in battle. In this, she shares attributes known of her husband (having patronage over battle and warfare), likewise receiving prisoners of war and some portion of the spoils won.

Ziu [An Tyr] The God of the Sword is the firm keeper of oaths, a God of triuwa and the fastness of an unwavering and unrelenting trust. He is renown for his great wisdom, is unrivalled in his sense of duty and nerve, and as the old tales tell us, was the only God brave enough to dare to approach and bind the Wolf of Chaos -and unflinchingly sacrificed his right hand in so doing! Ziu is a God of war, most often equated with Mars in Latin chronicles . German of old Sacrificed to him (and Zisa, his wife) for victory in battle, yielding the first spoils, captives, and the weaponry taken in the conflict. In keeping with his patronage over armed conflict, we find his hand in the settings of Thing, ordeal and trial-by-combat.

Source (http://www.irminenschaft.net/GodsandGoddesses.htm)

Monday, February 20th, 2006, 09:10 PM
I think i'v asked this question before, but do you know something about Thor Heyerdals Wotan/Odin theory?

Monday, February 20th, 2006, 11:12 PM
I think i'v asked this question before, but do you know something about Thor Heyerdals Wotan/Odin theory?

Nope. :doh

Monday, February 20th, 2006, 11:52 PM
I think i'v asked this question before, but do you know something about Thor Heyerdals Wotan/Odin theory?

I made a post on that topic in the Norwegian subforum. :)